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Does Subsidy Removal Hurt the Poor? Evidence from Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

"The study examines the effects of the removal of petroleum subsidies on poverty in Nigeria. In recent years, government has increased the prices of petroleum products many times. However it was unknown if these price increases would lead to higher …

Fiscal Federalism, Subnational Governance and MDGs in Nigeria

"This paper therefore explores the relevance, impact and challenges of sub-national governments in the progress towards the MDGs by 2015. The central hypothesis is that policy and spending autonomy alone cannot enable a sub-national government to s…

Increasing Agricultural Sector Financing Why it Matters for Uganda’s Socio-Economic Transformation

"This paper identifies and discusses a number of challenges for the financing of the agricultural sector in Uganda. The paper notes that although the role of agriculture in poverty reduction and overall growth in Uganda is well recognized, investme…

Uganda’s National Budget 2010/2011: How Strategic are the Budget Priorities?

The debate came three weeks after Hon. Bbumba read her 2010/2011 budget speech before Parliament. The theme of the budget was “Strategic Priorities to Accelerate Growth, Employment and Socio-Economic Transformation for Prosperity”. Now, long gone ar…

The Impact of Government Policy on Macroeconomic Variables: A Case Study of Private Investment in Tanzania

"The major hypothesis of the paper is that private sector investment is necessary if economic growth is to be accelerated. However, in order to stimulate such investments appropriate monetory, fiscal and exchange rate policies have to be formulated…

The Nigerian Banking System in the Context of Policies of Financial Regulation and Deregulation

"This study aims at using simple descriptive indices to assess the impact of policies of financial regulation and deregulation on the financial system over time,and in particular on savings mobilization. In the second section of this paper we discus…

The Second Economy and Tax Yield in Malawi

"This study has two main objectives. The first is to estimate the size of the underground or second economy in Malawi for the years 1965 to 1990. No attempt has previously been made to do this for the country’s entire second economy, hence there is …

Trade, Payments Liberalization and Economic Performance in Ghana

"Trade and payments liberalization will have implications for employment, economic growth, balance of payments, government budgets and inflation. Experience varies across the continent depending upon the initial conditions before liberalization, str…

What Drives Private Saving in Nigeria

"This study discusses the trend in Nigerian saving behaviour and reviews policy options to increase domestic saving. It also examines the determinants of private saving in Nigeria during the 1970-2007 period. It makes an important contribution to l…

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE mo…

Dependency, Instability and Shifting Global Power Influences and Interests in African Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

"Given the multiplicity of nations involved there is not one African foreign policy but many, reflecting diverse interests, weaknesses, strengths and national histories. The challenge of an introductory paper such as this is to reflect that diversi…

Fiscal Transparency and Participation in Botswana's Budgetary Process

"The major objective of this proposal is to look at the budgetary process in Botswana in order to assess how that process fits into the new governance paradigm that encourages transparency and participation. A great part of this new approach to good…

Making Government Smaller and More Efficient: The Botswana Case

"The report assesses the role, scale and scope of government in Botswana; a maturing mineralled economy. It discusses the development problems commonly found in countries that receive large inflows of foreign exchange from exports of minerals. A muc…

Food Security, Agricultural Policy & Environmental Interface: An African Perspective The Case of Botswana

"This paper begins with an outline of the Southern African region's background, then define food security in the region, and discuss food security issues in terms of macroeconomic and agricultural policy perspectives. In this paper, food security wi…

BIDPA Annual Report 1998/1999

"1998/99 has been a year of particularly rapid expansion. Seven new staff members joined BIDPA. Among the highlights of the year one would also like to mention the general increase in activities related to international trade and finance. This is an…

Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis 2009

"This annual report seeks to demonstrate the extent to which project objectives have been achieved during the period. The report reviews changes in the Governance structures and funding of the Institute, as well as capacity building part of the prog…

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000-2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of the Tanzanian local government reforms on the third theme, 'local finances and financial management'. The report analysed data and trends on finances and financial manageme…

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Observations from Six Councils, 2000-2003

"The major focus of the Formative Process Research Programme is to observe changes in local authorities in the provision of basic services to the public. Moreover, the research aims to analyse changes in local authorities’ capacity for financial ma…

Public Spending at the District Level in Ghana

"Public spending may influence poverty alleviation objectives at several levels including overall spending plans of government (aggregate fiscal policy), policy decisions funded in the budget and the flow of budgeted resources to Ministries, Depart…

Monetary and Fiscal Actions: A Test of Their Relative Importance in Economic Stabilization in Tanzania

"This study has assessed the potency of monetary and fiscal actions in economic stabilisation in the Tanzanian Economy. The analysis used both statistical and econometric procedures. It has been found from statistical analysis that monetary and f…

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