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The Problem Of High Interest Rates: Don’t Control But Please Regulate

"The persistence of high interest rates in Ghana is the collective responsibility of banks, the fiscal authorities and the monetary authorities. High bank lending rates and large spreads are of particular concern, not only can they not be justified …

The Case For Windfall Profit Taxes In Ghana’s Mining Code

"This Legislative Alert examines the fiscal provisions of Ghana’s mining code. It briefly examines the changes that have been made in Ghana since the first code was enacted in 1986. Noting the recent change in royalty rates, as well as the impositio…

Wagner’s Law And The Causal Nexus Between Government Expenditures And Tax Receipts: An Empirical Study Of Ghana

"Wagner's law is tested by using the traditional versions and our own versions which account for prices. Results show that Wagner's law exists in Ghana. However, there is no empirical support to the view that increases in government expenditures …

Determination Of Real Exchange Rate Misalignment For Ghana

"The paper determines real exchange rate misalignment for Ghana for the period 1980 - 2010. It finds that the equilibrium real exchange rate is influenced to a significant extent by "fundamental" or "real" factors - represented in the study by produ…

Assessment Of Inflation Trends Management And Macroeconomic Effects In Ghana

"Ghana has experienced high inflation over a long period of time. Over the past thirty years, monetization of fiscal deficits and cyclical food deficits have been the principal drivers of inflation. Achieving sustained disinflation therefore depends…

Development Without Aid

"In this Occasional Paper, a distinguished scholar and diplomat, Frederick S. Arkhurst, has carried out a penetrating analysis and critique of foreign aid and its direct impact on development in the Third World. He concludes that development is poss…

Walking a Tight Rope to Economic Recovery “Restoring Fiscal Fitness for Sustained Inclusive Growth and Development”

A clear link was established between the 2017 National Budget speech and the medium-term Economic Recovery Programme dubbed “Zambia Plus”. The budget, in this regard, will be as a key instrument for establishing a foundation for economic recovery …

Analytical Brief of the Social Sector Budget 2017 - “Leaving no one Behind "

With Zambia setting the stage for economic recovery, the National Budget of 2017 is certainly not short on measures to protect the vulnerable from the adverse effects of possible austerity under the Zambia Plus Economic Recovery Programme. With real…

The Carrot and the Stick: Evidence on Voluntary Tax Compliance from a Pilot Field Experiment in Rwanda

Key findings from a pilot field experiment on tax compliance, is discussed in this paper. A key objective of the paper, is to provide lessons learned on implementing this type of study in low-income countries, and reporting initial econometric resu…

The Ghanaian Economy: Annual Review 2013-2014 Theme: Ghana’s Public Financial Management

This annual report on the economy of Ghana for 2013-14 is a combined edition and devoted to Public Finance Management. The content comprises policies, legal frameworks, institutions, processes and mechanisms by which the public resources are manage…

Communicating to Improve Compliance: Taxpayers’ Feedback on Message and Mode of Delivery in Rwanda

The journey started gradually for the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA), from coercion to persuasion to drive tax compliance. This is shown in the mission and core value statements that underpin the tax administration’s activities in service delivery a…

Currency Reforms in Zimbabwe: An Analysis of Possible Currency Regimes

"The Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) adopted a multiple currencies regime (MCR) in February 2009 and demonetized the Zimbabwean dollar in July 2009 after almost a decade of economic crisis. The MCR approach resulted in stabilizing the Zimbabwean econo…

Final Fixing the Roof While the Sun is Shining Ten Lessons from Country Experiences with Fiscal Policy Rules

Country experiences was reviewed in this paper together with the implementation of fiscal policy rules with the objective of deriving policy relevant lessons for developing countries. To that end, it commenced by discussing what fiscal rules are, an…

Défis d'un Changement de Fiscalité sur le Tabac dans une Communauté économique : cas de l'Afrique de l'Ouest /Challenges of a Tax Change on Tobacco In an Economic Community: Case of West Africa

Tobacco taxation in West Africa is one of the lowest in the world, resulting in a very low price level and making tobacco very affordable. This makes smoking an important problem for each of these countries with low economies, with a population und…

Managing Natural Resources for Growth and Prosperity in Low Income Countries

This paper analyzed the economic impact of natural resources on low-income countries and the policy options available to them as recommended by academia and international organizations. It was concluded that traditional policy prescriptions are unre…

Policies for Managing Natural Resources in Low Income Countries

The specific example of the South Sudan is used in this paper in order to examine the conditions in poor developing countries such as political instability, limited financial and physical infrastructure, low human resources and failing institutions.…

Impact of External Debt Accumulation and Capital Flight on Economic Growth of West African Countries

This paper investigates how indebtedness and capital flight have affected the growth of 14 West African countries directly, and via investment and fiscal balance mechanisms, using data from 1970 to 2008. This task was approached through a standar…

A Tightening Balancing Act: Economic Implications of Zambia's Balance of Payments Performance

International trade, development and investment are primary drivers of globalization. In 2014, Zambia’s trade openness – in terms of total monetary flows on all export and import transactions combined – was estimated at 79.6% of GDP while the total …

Staying the Course of Fiscal Fitness: Analysis of the 2018 National Budget

The 2018 National Budget was delivered to the National Assembly and read on 29th September 2017, with the theme: “accelerating fiscal fitness for sustained inclusive growth, without leaving anyone behind”. In part, this essentially signals that the …

Fiscal Reforms and Income Inequalities in Senegal and Burkina Faso: A Comparative Study

The West African economic and monetary union was created 1994, whch had as a main objective the reinforcement of the competitiveness of the member states by harmonizing their economic legislation. In 1995 indirect tax harmonization were adopted by …

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