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Towards a New 'Washington Consensus'? South Africa, The G20 Leaders' Summit and the Financial Crisis

To the apparent surprise of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors meeting in Washington during the annual October gathering in 2008, George Bush, outgoing President of the United States of America (US), proposed that a formal summit of G2…

Banking in Nigeria and Chinese Economic Diplomacy in Africa

"While Sino–Nigerian relations have grown significantly since the 1970s, several aspects of the relationship have been controversial and difficult. However, the special attraction the two countries hold for each other has made the relationship persi…

Current trends in international banking regulation vs supervision

This brief report provides an overview of recent changes and current debates in the global financial arena, since South Africa is returning to participation in the global economy and events point to growing linkage between South African and global f…

The Global Financial Crisis and African Economies: Impact and Transmission Channels

"This paper is intended to highlight the general impact of the crisis on African countries in terms of economic performance and then show some variations across countries by discussing how the different transmission channels operated in them, and wh…

The Informal Financial Sector and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Malawi

"The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the nature, size and role of the informal sector in Malawi. The study pursues the following interrelated objectives: to determine the origin and underlying reasons for the development of the …

The Informal and Semi-Formal Financial Sectors in Ethiopia: a Study of the Iqqub, Iddir, and Savings and Credit Co-operatives

"The basic purpose of this study is to generate empirical information on the informal and semi-formal financial sectors in Ethiopia with a view to improving our understanding of their economic importance. The study focuses on the iqqub and iddir i…

The Nigerian Banking System in the Context of Policies of Financial Regulation and Deregulation

"This study aims at using simple descriptive indices to assess the impact of policies of financial regulation and deregulation on the financial system over time,and in particular on savings mobilization. In the second section of this paper we discus…

The Savings-Investment Process in Nigeria: an Empirical Study of the Supply Side

"This study characterizes the major factors perceived by bankers as affecting the savings-investment process in Nigeria. In making lending decisions, the respondents tend to behave in accordance with the anticipated income theory of asset managemen…

What Drives Private Saving in Nigeria

"This study discusses the trend in Nigerian saving behaviour and reviews policy options to increase domestic saving. It also examines the determinants of private saving in Nigeria during the 1970-2007 period. It makes an important contribution to l…

Chinese Banking Interests in Mozambique

"Unlike in most other African countries, Chinese financial involvement in Mozambique includes state-owned banks (Export–Import Bank of China – Exim Bank, and the China Development Bank – CDB) and private commercial interests, in the form of Geocapi…

Botswana Financial Services

"The objective of the review was to provide a comprehensive overview of the current financial sector environment. To achieve this, an evaluation of the financial sector was undertaken. The evaluation centred around market access policies, particular…

A Positive and Normative Analysis of Bank Supervision in Nigeria

"The study attempted to characterize the nature and determinants of bank distress in Nigeria, as well as the approaches adopted by the supervisory agencies to ensure that banks operate safe and sound practices. In doing this, it combined a non-nor…

Bank Performance and Supervision in Nigeria : Analyzing the Transition to a Deregulated Economy

"The study focuses on the effect of gradual deregulation in a developing economy on the efficiency of banks and the banking sector. It assesses whether the policy package results in an improvement in the technical efficiency of the industry. This st…

African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

"This paper measures the efficiency of WAEMU banks and its determining factors, after the banking system reforms from 1993 to 1996. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used for assessing technical efficiency and a stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) …

Formal and Informal Institutions’ Lending Policies and Access to Credit by Small-Scale Enterprises in Kenya: An Empirical Assessment

"This study assessed the role of institutional lending policies among formal and informal credit institutions in determining the access of small-scale enterprises to credit in Kenya. The results of the study show that the limited use of credit refle…

Service Sector Liberalisation in India: Key lessons and challenges

"The service sector is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the Indian economy. It has been integral to India’s overall liberalisation and structural reform programme, which was initiated in the 1980s and gained momentum after 1991. The increasing…

Financial Liberalization and its Implications for the Domestic Financial System: The Case of Uganda

"This paper presents an analysis of the impact of financial liberalization on the conduct of banking business and its impact on the real sector. Survey results show that the overall assessment by commercial banks of financial sector liberalization i…

Financial Sector Liberalization and Productivity Change in Uganda's Commercial Banking Sector

"The study employed quarterly data over a 13-year period from 1993 to 2005 to study the evolution of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) and its determinants among 11 banks in Uganda. Productivity was measured using the Malmquist index while the determi…

Financial Sector Reforms, Macroeconomic Instability and the Order of Economic Liberalization: The Evidence from Nigeria

"Financial sector reforms began in Nigeria with the deregulation of interest rates in August 1987. Since then, far-reaching policy measures including the chartering of new banks, reform of the capital market and a move from direct to indirect moneta…

Financial System Regulation, Deregulation and Savings Mobilization in Nigeria

"This study aims to provide a detailed analysis of the behavioural patterns of savings in Nigeria during the eras of financial regulation and deregulation. The impact of the policies of regulation and deregulation on savings mobilization were analyz…

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