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Assessing the Relative Poverty of Clients and Non-Clients of Non-Bank Micro-finance Institutions in Tanzania: The Case of the Dar es Salaam and Coast Regions

"The overall objective of this study was to critically assess the relative poverty level of clients and non-clients of non-bank MFIs in Tanzania by using CGAP’s Poverty Assessment tool. The end results of this study wish to answer the question as ...

Improving Transparency of Financial Affairs at the Local Government Level in Tanzania

"The study and this brief are part of REPOA’s Tanzania Governance Noticeboard programme, which seeks to strengthen accountability and transparency by making information on public affairs readily available to the public, and by assisting to build ...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Assessing the Long-term Impact of Microcredit on Rural Poverty: Does the Timing and Length of Participation Matter?

"In recent years, microfinance institutions are seen as beacons of hope to help eradicate poverty through, among others, providing credit to poor rural households. Availability of small but repeated loans is, in the long-term, expected to impact o...

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, August 2005

The special feature in this edition of eAfrica, looks at a study by the South African Institute of International Affairs, which examined successful and failed PPPs. It concluded that before Africa can unleash the potential of PPPs, it must change ...

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences be...

Policy Consistency and Inflation in Ghana

"This paper examines why the rates of inflation in Ghana have usually stayed above target levels. A trivial answer is that the targets were too optimistic and outside the achievable ranges. The paper assumes that the targets were reasonable and ...

National Workshop on Small Scale Enterprises in Sudan : Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

"Eight papers were presented in three sessions. A general paper on Sudanese crafts, a paper on structural adjustment and small-scale enterprises and a third paper on small-scale processing enterprises in Sudan were presented in the second session...

Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Nigeria their Characteristics, Problems and Sources of Finance

"This study examines survey data in order to evaluate the characteristics of SMEs that make it more difficult for them to be profitable and the particular problems that they face which may have contributed to their poor performance.The results of...

The Informal Financial Sector and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Malawi

"The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the nature, size and role of the informal sector in Malawi. The study pursues the following interrelated objectives: to determine the origin and underlying reasons for the development of th...

The Informal and Semi-Formal Financial Sectors in Ethiopia: a Study of the Iqqub, Iddir, and Savings and Credit Co-operatives

"The basic purpose of this study is to generate empirical information on the informal and semi-formal financial sectors in Ethiopia with a view to improving our understanding of their economic importance. The study focuses on the iqqub and iddir...

The Long Term Impact of Structural Economic Change on Government Spending

"This paper explores the likely impact of diversification on government's revenue raising ability and hence on the magnitude of its overall role in the economy. It uses projections over a 20 year period to simulate possible scenarios for taxation ...

Trust in Public Finance : Citizens Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania is persistent public resistance to paying, as evidenced by widespread tax evasion and non-payment of fees and charges. In the standard economic model of taxpayer behaviour, the ...

Have Pro-Poor Health Policies Improved the Targeting of Spending and the Effective Delivery of Health Care in South Africa?

Since 1994 there have been a number of radical changes in the public health care system in South Africa. Budgets have been reallocated, decision making was decentralised, the clinic network was expanded and user fees for primary health care were a...

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on w...

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrate...

Switching costs, Relationship Banking & MSMEs Formal Bank Credit in Zambia

"We find that MSMEs choice of the main-bank does not persist signaling the absence of switching costs and the vague role of relationship banking. Moreover, switching a main-bank has no effect on lending interest rates. Our results imply that MSMEs...

Trip Modeling and Cost Analysis for Public Road Transport System for the City of Lusaka

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the City of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. The current PT fares are unsustainably high and service levels undesirable. This largely owes to...

What Natural Capital Disclosure for Integrated Reporting ? Designing and Modelling an Integrated Financial - Natural Capital Accounting and Reporting Framework

"This paper argues that a solid accounting foundation is required for these to be able to effectively incorporate the broader and longer term social and environmental consequences of corporate decision-making. To support this argument, this pape...

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

"This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to women owned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), ...

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