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The Long Term Impact of Structural Economic Change on Government Spending

"This paper explores the likely impact of diversification on government's revenue raising ability and hence on the magnitude of its overall role in the economy. It uses projections over a 20 year period to simulate possible scenarios for taxation ...

Assessing the Relative Poverty of Clients and Non-Clients of Non-Bank Micro-finance Institutions in Tanzania: The Case of the Dar es Salaam and Coast Regions

"The overall objective of this study was to critically assess the relative poverty level of clients and non-clients of non-bank MFIs in Tanzania by using CGAP’s Poverty Assessment tool. The end results of this study wish to answer the question as ...

The Informal Financial Sector and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Malawi

"The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the nature, size and role of the informal sector in Malawi. The study pursues the following interrelated objectives: to determine the origin and underlying reasons for the development of th...

The Informal and Semi-Formal Financial Sectors in Ethiopia: a Study of the Iqqub, Iddir, and Savings and Credit Co-operatives

"The basic purpose of this study is to generate empirical information on the informal and semi-formal financial sectors in Ethiopia with a view to improving our understanding of their economic importance. The study focuses on the iqqub and iddir...

Have Pro-Poor Health Policies Improved the Targeting of Spending and the Effective Delivery of Health Care in South Africa?

Since 1994 there have been a number of radical changes in the public health care system in South Africa. Budgets have been reallocated, decision making was decentralised, the clinic network was expanded and user fees for primary health care were a...

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on w...

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrate...

Policy Consistency and Inflation in Ghana

"This paper examines why the rates of inflation in Ghana have usually stayed above target levels. A trivial answer is that the targets were too optimistic and outside the achievable ranges. The paper assumes that the targets were reasonable and ...

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences be...

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, August 2005

The special feature in this edition of eAfrica, looks at a study by the South African Institute of International Affairs, which examined successful and failed PPPs. It concluded that before Africa can unleash the potential of PPPs, it must change ...

National Workshop on Small Scale Enterprises in Sudan : Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

"Eight papers were presented in three sessions. A general paper on Sudanese crafts, a paper on structural adjustment and small-scale enterprises and a third paper on small-scale processing enterprises in Sudan were presented in the second session...

Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Nigeria their Characteristics, Problems and Sources of Finance

"This study examines survey data in order to evaluate the characteristics of SMEs that make it more difficult for them to be profitable and the particular problems that they face which may have contributed to their poor performance.The results of...

Capital Flight and Economic Development in Africa

"This paper takes a broad approach to the analyses and implications of capital flight for economic growth and development in Africa. It provides an overview of why capital flight constrains and undermines economic growth and development in Africa ...

What Natural Capital Disclosure for Integrated Reporting ? Designing and Modelling an Integrated Financial - Natural Capital Accounting and Reporting Framework

"This paper argues that a solid accounting foundation is required for these to be able to effectively incorporate the broader and longer term social and environmental consequences of corporate decision-making. To support this argument, this pape...

Trust in Public Finance : Citizens Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania is persistent public resistance to paying, as evidenced by widespread tax evasion and non-payment of fees and charges. In the standard economic model of taxpayer behaviour, the ...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

"This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to women owned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), ...

Factors Affecting the Internationalisation of Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe

"This policy brief presents evidence that SME internationalisation is at very low level in Zimbabwe. It identifies the major factors that are inhibitors of SME internation-alisation in the manufacturing sector, including negative attitudes by SME...

A Pathway to Financial Inclusion: Mobile Money and Individual Savings in Uganda

A micro perspective is provided in this study on the impact that mobile money services have on an individual’s saving behavior using 2013 Uganda FinScope data. The results reveals that although saving through mobile phones is not a common practic...

Accountability Within The Houses Of Chiefs And Traditional Councils: A Review Of The Auditor-General’s Report (1993-1996)

"This paper seeks to ascertain whether Houses of Chiefs and Traditional Councils have submitted up-to-date accounts of revenue collection and expenditure in order to ensure internal control over expenditure has been exercised. It begins by reviewi...

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