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Informing the Approach of Multilateral Development Banks to Use of Country systems

Most countries consider infrastructure development as a key enabler of development, as it spurs job creation, trade and investment. For many developing countries, multilateral development banks (MDBs) are important in addressing their infrastructu...

The Informal Financial Sector and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Malawi

"The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the nature, size and role of the informal sector in Malawi. The study pursues the following interrelated objectives: to determine the origin and underlying reasons for the development of th...

The Informal and Semi-Formal Financial Sectors in Ethiopia: a Study of the Iqqub, Iddir, and Savings and Credit Co-operatives

"The basic purpose of this study is to generate empirical information on the informal and semi-formal financial sectors in Ethiopia with a view to improving our understanding of their economic importance. The study focuses on the iqqub and iddir...

Gouvernance dans les Institutions de Microfinance: Contingence et Apprentissage Organisationnel / Governance in Microfinance Institutions: Contingency and Organizational Learning

Poor governance is one of the major causes of MFI crises and malfunctions. These problems challenge governance patterns, bearing in mind the limitations of governance principles to ensure universally effective governance in MFIs. This work sought ...

Accountability Within The Houses Of Chiefs And Traditional Councils: A Review Of The Auditor-General’s Report (1993-1996)

"This paper seeks to ascertain whether Houses of Chiefs and Traditional Councils have submitted up-to-date accounts of revenue collection and expenditure in order to ensure internal control over expenditure has been exercised. It begins by reviewi...

Wagner’s Law And The Causal Nexus Between Government Expenditures And Tax Receipts: An Empirical Study Of Ghana

"Wagner's law is tested by using the traditional versions and our own versions which account for prices. Results show that Wagner's law exists in Ghana. However, there is no empirical support to the view that increases in government expenditure...

Have Pro-Poor Health Policies Improved the Targeting of Spending and the Effective Delivery of Health Care in South Africa?

Since 1994 there have been a number of radical changes in the public health care system in South Africa. Budgets have been reallocated, decision making was decentralised, the clinic network was expanded and user fees for primary health care were a...

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on w...

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrate...

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, August 2005

The special feature in this edition of eAfrica, looks at a study by the South African Institute of International Affairs, which examined successful and failed PPPs. It concluded that before Africa can unleash the potential of PPPs, it must change ...

Revenue Diversification and Resource Utilisation Options for Ethiopian Universities in the Face of Declining Public Funding

"Public universities in Ethiopia mainly rely on government financing. This dependence on the government means that the funding levels depend on the fluctuations of government resources. Meanwhile, it is untenable to depend on public money to finan...

What Natural Capital Disclosure for Integrated Reporting ? Designing and Modelling an Integrated Financial - Natural Capital Accounting and Reporting Framework

"This paper argues that a solid accounting foundation is required for these to be able to effectively incorporate the broader and longer term social and environmental consequences of corporate decision-making. To support this argument, this pape...

Capital Flight and Economic Development in Africa

"This paper takes a broad approach to the analyses and implications of capital flight for economic growth and development in Africa. It provides an overview of why capital flight constrains and undermines economic growth and development in Africa ...

A Pathway to Financial Inclusion: Mobile Money and Individual Savings in Uganda

A micro perspective is provided in this study on the impact that mobile money services have on an individual’s saving behavior using 2013 Uganda FinScope data. The results reveals that although saving through mobile phones is not a common practic...

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

"This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to women owned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), ...

Factors Affecting the Internationalisation of Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe

"This policy brief presents evidence that SME internationalisation is at very low level in Zimbabwe. It identifies the major factors that are inhibitors of SME internation-alisation in the manufacturing sector, including negative attitudes by SME...

Policy Consistency and Inflation in Ghana

"This paper examines why the rates of inflation in Ghana have usually stayed above target levels. A trivial answer is that the targets were too optimistic and outside the achievable ranges. The paper assumes that the targets were reasonable and ...

National Workshop on Small Scale Enterprises in Sudan : Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

"Eight papers were presented in three sessions. A general paper on Sudanese crafts, a paper on structural adjustment and small-scale enterprises and a third paper on small-scale processing enterprises in Sudan were presented in the second session...

Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Nigeria their Characteristics, Problems and Sources of Finance

"This study examines survey data in order to evaluate the characteristics of SMEs that make it more difficult for them to be profitable and the particular problems that they face which may have contributed to their poor performance.The results of...

The Long Term Impact of Structural Economic Change on Government Spending

"This paper explores the likely impact of diversification on government's revenue raising ability and hence on the magnitude of its overall role in the economy. It uses projections over a 20 year period to simulate possible scenarios for taxation ...

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