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Have Pro-Poor Health Policies Improved the Targeting of Spending and the Effective Delivery of Health Care in South Africa?

Since 1994 there have been a number of radical changes in the public health care system in South Africa. Budgets have been reallocated, decision making was decentralised, the clinic network was expanded and user fees for primary health care were a...

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on w...

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrate...

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, August 2005

The special feature in this edition of eAfrica, looks at a study by the South African Institute of International Affairs, which examined successful and failed PPPs. It concluded that before Africa can unleash the potential of PPPs, it must change ...

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences be...

Policy Consistency and Inflation in Ghana

"This paper examines why the rates of inflation in Ghana have usually stayed above target levels. A trivial answer is that the targets were too optimistic and outside the achievable ranges. The paper assumes that the targets were reasonable and ...

National Workshop on Small Scale Enterprises in Sudan : Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

"Eight papers were presented in three sessions. A general paper on Sudanese crafts, a paper on structural adjustment and small-scale enterprises and a third paper on small-scale processing enterprises in Sudan were presented in the second session...

Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Nigeria their Characteristics, Problems and Sources of Finance

"This study examines survey data in order to evaluate the characteristics of SMEs that make it more difficult for them to be profitable and the particular problems that they face which may have contributed to their poor performance.The results of...

The Informal Financial Sector and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Malawi

"The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the nature, size and role of the informal sector in Malawi. The study pursues the following interrelated objectives: to determine the origin and underlying reasons for the development of th...

The Informal and Semi-Formal Financial Sectors in Ethiopia: a Study of the Iqqub, Iddir, and Savings and Credit Co-operatives

"The basic purpose of this study is to generate empirical information on the informal and semi-formal financial sectors in Ethiopia with a view to improving our understanding of their economic importance. The study focuses on the iqqub and iddir...

The Long Term Impact of Structural Economic Change on Government Spending

"This paper explores the likely impact of diversification on government's revenue raising ability and hence on the magnitude of its overall role in the economy. It uses projections over a 20 year period to simulate possible scenarios for taxation ...

Trust in Public Finance : Citizens Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania is persistent public resistance to paying, as evidenced by widespread tax evasion and non-payment of fees and charges. In the standard economic model of taxpayer behaviour, the ...

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

"This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to women owned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), ...

Factors Affecting the Internationalisation of Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe

"This policy brief presents evidence that SME internationalisation is at very low level in Zimbabwe. It identifies the major factors that are inhibitors of SME internation-alisation in the manufacturing sector, including negative attitudes by SME...

Emerging Women Entrepreneurs in Sudan: Individual Characteristics, Obstacles and Empowerment

"This research focuses on three issues: the personal characteristics and motivations of the female Entrepreneurs of Sudan, how conducive is the business environment for the female entrepreneurs of Sudan in terms of availability of finance and supp...

Maximising South Africa's Demographic Dividend

"Based on 2005 estimates of National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, this paper investigates the resource flows across ages within the generational economy. The paper provides estimates of the lifecycle deficit and describes the financing of t...

The State of Business Practices and the Impact of BDS on MSMEs in Lusaka and Kabwe, Zambia

"This study takes a closer look at the MSME sector in Zambia and examines the current state of affairs with regard to business practices, access to Business Development Services (BDS) and enterprise performance, with the view to beginning a proces...

Genre et Performance Entrepreneuriale en République Démocratique du Congo / Gender and Entrepreneurial Performance in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"This Policy Brief explores the role of gender in the entrepreneurial performance in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It assesses the influence of gender on business performance while identifying differentiating factors between male and female en...

Financing of Infrastructure

"In response to the global financial crisis of 2008–09, banks radically cut back on lending, especially for long-term projects. Governments worldwide, gambling on a big positive multiplier effect on aggregate demand, increased fiscal spending thr...

PME et Innovation : une Analyse Comparative Entre le Cameroun, le Congo et la RDC / SMEs and Innovation: a Comparative Analysis between Cameroon, Congo and DRC

"This work aims to identify the determinants of innovation in SMEs in Brazzaville(Congo), Douala(Cameroon) and Kinshasa(DRC). It is based on a joint survey conducted among 256 SMEs of the above mentioned cities, 100 SMEs in Brazzaville, 56 in Doua...

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