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Have Pro-Poor Health Policies Improved the Targeting of Spending and the Effective Delivery of Health Care in South Africa?

Since 1994 there have been a number of radical changes in the public health care system in South Africa. Budgets have been reallocated, decision making was decentralised, the clinic network was expanded and user fees for primary health care were abo…

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on wel…

NEPAD in Perspective: A New Development Agenda for the Peoples of Africa

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) has been called many things in the past including; "a plan of African leaders", "a commitment to good governance, democracy, human rights, economic and social development", "a holstic, integrated …

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

"This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to women owned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), a …

Factors Affecting the Internationalisation of Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe

"This policy brief presents evidence that SME internationalisation is at very low level in Zimbabwe. It identifies the major factors that are inhibitors of SME internation-alisation in the manufacturing sector, including negative attitudes by SME o…

Emerging Women Entrepreneurs in Sudan: Individual Characteristics, Obstacles and Empowerment

"This research focuses on three issues: the personal characteristics and motivations of the female Entrepreneurs of Sudan, how conducive is the business environment for the female entrepreneurs of Sudan in terms of availability of finance and suppor…

Maximising South Africa's Demographic Dividend

"Based on 2005 estimates of National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, this paper investigates the resource flows across ages within the generational economy. The paper provides estimates of the lifecycle deficit and describes the financing of the…

The State of Business Practices and the Impact of BDS on MSMEs in Lusaka and Kabwe, Zambia

"This study takes a closer look at the MSME sector in Zambia and examines the current state of affairs with regard to business practices, access to Business Development Services (BDS) and enterprise performance, with the view to beginning a process …

Genre et Performance Entrepreneuriale en République Démocratique du Congo / Gender and Entrepreneurial Performance in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"This Policy Brief explores the role of gender in the entrepreneurial performance in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It assesses the influence of gender on business performance while identifying differentiating factors between male and female entr…

Financing of Infrastructure

"In response to the global financial crisis of 2008–09, banks radically cut back on lending, especially for long-term projects. Governments worldwide, gambling on a big positive multiplier effect on aggregate demand, increased fiscal spending throu…

PME et Innovation : une Analyse Comparative Entre le Cameroun, le Congo et la RDC / SMEs and Innovation: a Comparative Analysis between Cameroon, Congo and DRC

"This work aims to identify the determinants of innovation in SMEs in Brazzaville(Congo), Douala(Cameroon) and Kinshasa(DRC). It is based on a joint survey conducted among 256 SMEs of the above mentioned cities, 100 SMEs in Brazzaville, 56 in Douala…

Making Public Transport in Lusaka City More Efficient and Effective

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the city of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. Regrettably, the majority of the city travellers have to accept an ineffective and inefficient PT …

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight o…

Les Entreprises de Microfinance au Cameroun (EMF) : Entre Ciblage des Pauvres et Rentabilité Financière / Microfinance Companies in Cameroon (EMF): Between Targeting the Poor and Financial Profitability

Microfinance is a major tool in the fight against poverty. But the effective realization of this social objective is dependent on the completion of financial performance and thus the need to reconcile between the targeting of poor and financial prof…

Etude sur les Difficultés de Recouvrement des Créances dans l’espace Uemoa (Benin, Burkina-Faso, Mali, Senegal) / Study on the Difficulties of Debt Recovery in the UEMOA (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal)

"The study begins with an overview of the legal and economic environment of four countries, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal, all of which have the common characteristics of being both members of UEMOA and parties to the OHADA Treaty. T…

Accompagnement des Entrepreneurs et Performance Post Création des Petites Entreprises Camerounaises et Sénégalaises / Support for Entrepreneurs and Post Creation Performance of Cameroon and Senegalese Small Businesses

The research report is divided into two parts: the first part is an exploratory study of market support for small businesses in Cameroon and Senegal. The qualitative approach is mobilized and carry viewpoints of leaders and project leaders on provid…

Assessing the Long-term Impact of Microcredit on Rural Poverty: Does the Timing and Length of Participation Matter?

"In recent years, microfinance institutions are seen as beacons of hope to help eradicate poverty through, among others, providing credit to poor rural households. Availability of small but repeated loans is, in the long-term, expected to impact on …

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, August 2005

The special feature in this edition of eAfrica, looks at a study by the South African Institute of International Affairs, which examined successful and failed PPPs. It concluded that before Africa can unleash the potential of PPPs, it must change it…

Gender and Housing Development in the Low Income Suburbs of Jinja Municipality, Uganda

"This study attempted to determine the nature and relative importance of the socio-cultural and economic factors that facilitated or impeded men and women’s engagement in urban housing development. It also attempted to determine the differences betw…

Policy Consistency and Inflation in Ghana

"This paper examines why the rates of inflation in Ghana have usually stayed above target levels. A trivial answer is that the targets were too optimistic and outside the achievable ranges. The paper assumes that the targets were reasonable and ex…

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