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Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000 - 2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of Tanzanian local government reforms. This paper examines the capacity of local government authorities in Tanzania with respect to financial management and revenue enhanceme...

eAfrica: The Electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, December 2005

This issue discusses the relevance of the Millennium development goals for Africa and why these goals will not succeed in relieving the poverty crisis in Africa. The article “Paying for Broken promises” covers the first referendum that was held i...

Financing Primary Education for All: Public Expenditure and Education Outcomes in Botswana

"This report presents the Botswana findings from a research project aiming to explore the relationship between public education spending and education outcomes at the primary level in developing countries. The overall project has explored this rel...

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Observations from Six Councils, 2000-2003

"The major focus of the Formative Process Research Programme is to observe changes in local authorities in the provision of basic services to the public. Moreover, the research aims to analyse changes in local authorities’ capacity for financial ...

Local Government Reform in Tanzania, 2002-2005: Summary of Research Findings on Governance, Finance and Service Delivery

"What impact has Tanzania’s Local Government Reform Programme had on local governance, finances and service delivery? Have there been any changes over time in the provision of basic services to the public? What factors may explain distinct improve...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

Congo: Staying Engaged after the Elections

On 6 December 2006, Joseph Kabila was sworn in as the first democratically elected president since Congolese independence, concluding a landmark electoral process largely devoid of major violence or gross irregularities. Democratic governance ...

Élections au Burundi - Reconfiguration radicale du paysage politique

Les élections générales au Burundi viennent de conduire à une transformation totale du paysage politique. La victoire remarquable de l'ancienne rébellion du CNDD-FDD à tous les différents scrutins et l'élection de son candidat à la présidentielle,...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

Northern Uganda: Seizing the Opportunity for Peace

With peace negotiations due to restart in the southern Sudanese town of Juba on 26 April, the ten-month-old peace process between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government still has a chance of ending one of Africa’s longest, mos...

Nigeria’s Elections: Avoiding a Political Crisis

Nigeria’s democracy faces a crucial test. Presidential, parliamentary and state gubernatorial and assembly elections scheduled for 14 and 21 April 2007 are not a routine quadrennial ritual. Success would offer the country the first opportunity to ...

Security Sector Reform in the Congo

No issue is more important than security sector reform in determining the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s prospects for peace and development. Two particular challenges loom large: the security services must be able to maintain order during...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Banking on Africa: Chinese Financial Institutions and Africa

The Chinese drive into the resource sector in Africa has already received much attention in the media and, increasingly, in scholarly literature. What has not been well understood is the role of Chinese financial institutions in support of the cou...

Whither the Multilateral Trading System? Implications for (South) Africa

"So far the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has acted as a constraint on the worst protectionist pressures building in the global trading system following the 2008–10 global financial crisis, which is a testament to the system’s constraining power...

The G20 Processes and Reform Agenda: What impacts on corporate and/or trade finance?

"This paper provides an evaluation of the 2008 financial crisis and G20 reforms and their impact on trade and corporate finance. In late 2008, a sudden and severe collapse in global trade occurred as demand shocks from advanced economies affected ...

Wealth Through Integration Regional Integration and Poverty-Reduction Strategies in West Africa

"Could regional integration be a first step toward joining the global market? In a context where liberalizing trade has not produced the expected gains in developing countries and growth in global trade has not led to the expected economic growth,...

Constraints on the Demand for Youth Labour in Zambia

"Zambia is one of many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. Unemployment is highest among youths (15–24 years old) and particularly affects those without s...

Crédit Bancaire et Performance des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises Tchadiennes à l’ère Pétrolière / Banking and Credit Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Chadian Petroleum Age

"The purpose of this policy brief is to inform businesses and banks and the State on the influence of bank credit on the performance of Chadian companies in the petroleum era. Specifically, it shows that bank credit is a lever for economic- (turno...

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