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Wealth Through Integration Regional Integration and Poverty-Reduction Strategies in West Africa

"Could regional integration be a first step toward joining the global market? In a context where liberalizing trade has not produced the expected gains in developing countries and growth in global trade has not led to the expected economic growth,...

Constraints on the Demand for Youth Labour in Zambia

"Zambia is one of many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. Unemployment is highest among youths (15–24 years old) and particularly affects those without s...

Crédit Bancaire et Performance des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises Tchadiennes à l’ère Pétrolière / Banking and Credit Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Chadian Petroleum Age

"The purpose of this policy brief is to inform businesses and banks and the State on the influence of bank credit on the performance of Chadian companies in the petroleum era. Specifically, it shows that bank credit is a lever for economic- (turno...

On the Future Africa Wants: The Common African Position on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

"This Policy & Practice Brief critically discusses the Common African Position (CAP) on the Post-2015 Development Agenda against lessons learnt from operationalisation of the MDGs, particularly in light of the fact that a truly humanist future is ...

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 2

In ‘Eurobonds: Weighing Risks against gains’ there has been recent media speculation about the government issuing another Eurobond – the third in two years. This has resulted in apprehensions in some quarters of the economy regarding the risks ass...

Botswana Social Protection Assessment

"The purpose of this assessment is to inform Botswana’s future social protection and labor strategy and policies and help to achieve the goals of Vision 2016. The assessment concentrates on social assistance programs as major reforms are already t...

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax e...

Public Financial Management and Fiscal Outcomes in Nigeria : Empirical Evidence

This study analysed the relationship between public financial management systems and fiscal outcomes in Nigeria. The findings indicate that institutional factors such as corruption and literacy rate affect the institutional pillars of PFM in Niger...

Fitch Credit Rating for Zambia

"Fitch, a renowned global credit rating agency and one of the top three statistical rating organizations in the world recently maintained Zambia’s sovereign credit risk rating of ‘B+’ at its second rating of the country’s sovereign risk that began...

Misconceptions Surround High Interest Rates and Low Bank Credit to MSMEs in Zambia

"The important contribution made by MSMEs in the development of any economy cannot be overlooked. In Zambia, MSMEs contribute about 56% of the total number of jobs and account for over 80% of the number of businesses registered at the Patents and ...

High Interest Rates in Ghana, A Critical Analysis

The question of high interest rates in Ghana is examined in this paper. The author notes that high interest rates have not only kept the cost of credit unnecessarily high, but have also discouraged many otherwise viable projects from being impleme...

Then and Now: How the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture is Meeting its Mandate

"Since its creation in 2005, the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) has scored some successes in terms of increasing opportunities for financing of peacebuilding efforts and working with governments in this area. However, the bro...

Harnessing Zambia’s External Debt for Development

"In recent times there has been debate on Zambia’s steadily growing external debt. This comes in the wake of debt relief efforts of the Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) and Multilateral Debt Relief (MDR) initiatives which saw a reduction of th...

Inflation Dynamics and Agricultural Supply Shocks in Uganda

Studies on inflation earlier in Uganda did not fully account for the potential role of supply side constraints in agriculture. This paper's purpose, therefore, is to estimate the determinants of inflation in Uganda. It highlights the possible fe...

Enhancing Public Budget Transparency in Botswana

"This policy brief discusses the need to make Botswana’s budget process more transparent. Transparent or open budgets both facilitate and support timely, relevant public access to budget information, enhancing citizen participation in the budgetar...

SACU Revenue Sharing Formula: Towards a developmental agreement

"The South African Customs Union (SACU) Revenue Sharing Formula (RSF) has been revised substantively twice; once in 1969 and in 1994-2002 since the creation of the customs union in 1910 and each time the changes in the treaty were a reflection ...

Is the Botswana Pula Misaligned?

"The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which the Botswana exchange rate (the Pula) has been consistent with economic fundamentals. To do so an equilibrium exchange rate is estimated and compared against the values of the effective...

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American business...

Promoting Development Oriented Financial Systems in Sub Saharan Africa : The Uganda Country Experience

"This study documents the recent trend of financial liberalization in Uganda and examines its impact on growth, investment and domestic savings. There are many facets in which financial liberalisation could contribute to growth. Some of these mech...

Promoting Alternative Finance for SME's in Uganda

"This policy brief outlines policy actions the Government of Uganda, and other stakeholders, can take to help mitigate the perennial problem of limited access to finance by small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs). It also outlines policy actions...

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