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Enhancing Public Budget Transparency in Botswana

"This policy brief discusses the need to make Botswana’s budget process more transparent. Transparent or open budgets both facilitate and support timely, relevant public access to budget information, enhancing citizen participation in the budgetary …

SACU Revenue Sharing Formula: Towards a developmental agreement

"The South African Customs Union (SACU) Revenue Sharing Formula (RSF) has been revised substantively twice; once in 1969 and in 1994-2002 since the creation of the customs union in 1910 and each time the changes in the treaty were a reflection of…

Is the Botswana Pula Misaligned?

"The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which the Botswana exchange rate (the Pula) has been consistent with economic fundamentals. To do so an equilibrium exchange rate is estimated and compared against the values of the effective e…

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American businessme…

Promoting Development Oriented Financial Systems in Sub Saharan Africa : The Uganda Country Experience

"This study documents the recent trend of financial liberalization in Uganda and examines its impact on growth, investment and domestic savings. There are many facets in which financial liberalisation could contribute to growth. Some of these mechan…

Promoting Alternative Finance for SME's in Uganda

"This policy brief outlines policy actions the Government of Uganda, and other stakeholders, can take to help mitigate the perennial problem of limited access to finance by small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs). It also outlines policy actions n…

Integrating SMEs in the Devolved Government System; Policy Options for Institutional and Regulatory Framework in Kenya

"Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important sub-sector for the Kenyan economy. It employs about 85 percent of the Kenyan workforce (about 7.5 million Kenyans of the country’s total employment). The current constitution provides a ne…

Financing Primary Education for All: Public Expenditure and Education Outcomes in Botswana

"This report presents the Botswana findings from a research project aiming to explore the relationship between public education spending and education outcomes at the primary level in developing countries. The overall project has explored this relat…

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Observations from Six Councils, 2000-2003

"The major focus of the Formative Process Research Programme is to observe changes in local authorities in the provision of basic services to the public. Moreover, the research aims to analyse changes in local authorities’ capacity for financial ma…

Local Government Reform in Tanzania, 2002-2005: Summary of Research Findings on Governance, Finance and Service Delivery

"What impact has Tanzania’s Local Government Reform Programme had on local governance, finances and service delivery? Have there been any changes over time in the provision of basic services to the public? What factors may explain distinct improveme…

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defen…

Congo: Staying Engaged after the Elections

On 6 December 2006, Joseph Kabila was sworn in as the first democratically elected president since Congolese independence, concluding a landmark electoral process largely devoid of major violence or gross irregularities. Democratic governance is…

Élections au Burundi - Reconfiguration radicale du paysage politique

Les élections générales au Burundi viennent de conduire à une transformation totale du paysage politique. La victoire remarquable de l'ancienne rébellion du CNDD-FDD à tous les différents scrutins et l'élection de son candidat à la présidentielle, P…

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two w…

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defen…

Northern Uganda: Seizing the Opportunity for Peace

With peace negotiations due to restart in the southern Sudanese town of Juba on 26 April, the ten-month-old peace process between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government still has a chance of ending one of Africa’s longest, most …

Nigeria’s Elections: Avoiding a Political Crisis

Nigeria’s democracy faces a crucial test. Presidential, parliamentary and state gubernatorial and assembly elections scheduled for 14 and 21 April 2007 are not a routine quadrennial ritual. Success would offer the country the first opportunity to ac…

Security Sector Reform in the Congo

No issue is more important than security sector reform in determining the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s prospects for peace and development. Two particular challenges loom large: the security services must be able to maintain order during t…

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly F…

Banking on Africa: Chinese Financial Institutions and Africa

The Chinese drive into the resource sector in Africa has already received much attention in the media and, increasingly, in scholarly literature. What has not been well understood is the role of Chinese financial institutions in support of the count…

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