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Disarmament in the Congo: Investing in Conflict Prevention

There are many challenges facing the Lusaka cease-fire signatories and the wider international community in implementing the Congolese peace agreement, but perhaps none so complex as the effort to disarm the non-Congolese armed groups destabilisi...

The Kivus: The Forgotten Crucible of the Congo Conflict

December 2002 witnessed the signing of a power sharing agreement between Congolese parties under the auspices of the UN Special Envoy, Mustapha Niasse, and South Africa that should lead to finalisation of the Inter-Congolese Dialogue and a transit...

Darfur Deadline: A New International Action Plan

The international response to the crisis in the western Sudanese region of Darfur remains limp and inadequate, its achievements so far desperately slight. The UN Security Council must, by its review deadline of 30 August 2004, endorse a new intern...

Dialogue or Destruction? Organising for Peace as the War in Sudan Escalates

Sudan's civil war, already one of the deadliest conflicts since World War II, has entered its most destructive phase to date. Oil revenues have allowed the government to purchase increasingly lethal weapons, more effectively pursue population-clea...

Garang's Death: Implications for Peace in Sudan

The Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) leadership has acted quickly so far to regroup and reorganise, but the loss in a fatal helicopter crash on 30 July 2005 of John Garang, the only leader the movement has known in its 21 years, cr...

How Kabila Lost His Way: The Performance of Laurent Désiré Kabila's Government

A continental war has begun in Africa. It reaches almost without interruption from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. ...

Sudan: Now or Never in Darfur

A month after the international community solemnly marked the tenth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in April 2004 with promises of "never again", it faces a man-made humanitarian catastrophe in western Sudan (Darfur) that can easily become nea...

Adding 3Ns to the 3Ds - Lessons from the 1996 Zaire Mission for Humanitarian Interventions

This paper examines the 3D (defence, diplomacy, and development) framework for humanitarian interventions in weak states and/or conflict situations. It accepts that there are some considerable strengths built into this strategic concept for it pri...

Somalia: To Move Beyond the Failed State

Excerpt: "Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of...

Zimbabwe: Political and Security Challenges to the Transition

"As Zimbabwe enters its second year under a unity government, the challenges to democratic transformation have come into sharp focus. Despite reasonable progress in restoring political and social stability, ending widespread repression and stabili...

Assessing Long-Term State Fragility in Africa: Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

"This monograph has presented a model of fragility drawn from the contemporary scholarly and practice-oriented literature, provided a long-term, ‘structural’ forecast on the future of Africa’s more fragile countries, and developed various alter...

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

"This report is the third in a series analysing Sudan’s spreading conflicts. It focuses on why successive peace processes, in particular the latest, “Doha”, have not stopped the violence. Reflecting the views of government officials involved with...

The Central African Crisis : From Predation to Stabilisation

"The current crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has sealed the fate of a state that depends on international aid and has long ceased to exist. Government has become little more than a patronage exercise, in which appointments to decisio...

Assessing Long Term State Fragility in Africa : Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

This monograph propose that ten presently fragile states (Comoros, the CAR, the DRC, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, the Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Togo) will continue to experience poor governance, chronic poverty, potentially ...

Côte d'Ivoire : Chronique d'une Transition Ratée / Ivory Coast: Chronicle of a Failed Transition

Holding an iron hand for thirty years under the one-party rule, Côte d'Ivoire has developed through the political direction of a man called:Felix Houphouet-Boigny. Around its single party, the Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire (PDCI), managed to ...

Afrique 2050 : la sécurité et le développement, entre complémentarité et rivalité / Africa 2050: Security and Development, between Complementarity and Rivalry

Conflict, repeated crises and widespread insecurity continue to significantly curb any form of progress in Africa. More than one-fifth of the population of the black continent is directly affected by one or more conflicts, which continue to destro...

Tana 2012 Discussion Panels Theme 2: State Fragility (15th April 2012) Introductory Remarks

In this document a summary of a panel's discussions are reflected regarding African state's fragility and the following four aspects also pertaining to Africa is analysed in short : (1.) States that do not really efficiently or equitably deliver s...

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in min...

Insurgency in Nigeria: Addressing the Causes as Part of the Solution

The problem areas articulated by the former Chief Justice Dahiru Musdapher concerning causative factors of insurgency and instability in Nigeria, is examined in this article and a solution is proposed utilising an institutional framework that inco...

Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"These notes are offered to Members ahead of the Commons debate on July 19th 2007. They argue that in developing a practical response to the crisis in Zimbabwe, British policy-makers must recognise the realistic prospect of continued deterioration...

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