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Assessing Long-Term State Fragility in Africa: Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

"This monograph has presented a model of fragility drawn from the contemporary scholarly and practice-oriented literature, provided a long-term, ‘structural’ forecast on the future of Africa’s more fragile countries, and developed various alterna…

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

"This report is the third in a series analysing Sudan’s spreading conflicts. It focuses on why successive peace processes, in particular the latest, “Doha”, have not stopped the violence. Reflecting the views of government officials involved with D…

The Central African Crisis : From Predation to Stabilisation

"The current crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has sealed the fate of a state that depends on international aid and has long ceased to exist. Government has become little more than a patronage exercise, in which appointments to decisionm…

Assessing Long Term State Fragility in Africa : Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

This monograph propose that ten presently fragile states (Comoros, the CAR, the DRC, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, the Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Togo) will continue to experience poor governance, chronic poverty, potentially wi…

Côte d'Ivoire : Chronique d'une Transition Ratée / Ivory Coast: Chronicle of a Failed Transition

Holding an iron hand for thirty years under the one-party rule, Côte d'Ivoire has developed through the political direction of a man called:Felix Houphouet-Boigny. Around its single party, the Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire (PDCI), managed to de…

Afrique 2050 : la sécurité et le développement, entre complémentarité et rivalité / Africa 2050: Security and Development, between Complementarity and Rivalry

Conflict, repeated crises and widespread insecurity continue to significantly curb any form of progress in Africa. More than one-fifth of the population of the black continent is directly affected by one or more conflicts, which continue to destroy …

Tana 2012 Discussion Panels Theme 2: State Fragility (15th April 2012) Introductory Remarks

In this document a summary of a panel's discussions are reflected regarding African state's fragility and the following four aspects also pertaining to Africa is analysed in short : (1.) States that do not really efficiently or equitably deliver ser…

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in miner…

The New Sudans: The First 100 days

"This Policy & Practice Brief focuses on the challenges facing the two Sudans post separation. 17 October marks 100 days since the fracturing of the Sudan. It is, therefore, an opportune moment for reflection on the state of affairs as the two state…

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could very …

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of President …

Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not pro…

Going to Scale in Fragile States: Can It Work? Should We Try?

"The term fragile state is used to describe a country whose government struggles to perform some of its most basic functions,due to a lack of either political will or capacity or a combination of the two. In these states one typically observes persi…

Corruption and Governance in the DRC During the Transition Period (2003-2006)

"This study makes a modest contribution to a review of the transition period. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the anti-corruption institutions and laws that were in force during that time, evaluates the degree of their success or failure…

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US …

Zimbabwe: Are Targeted Sanctions Smart Enough? On the Efficacy of International Restrictive Measures

"This Situation Report attempts to elucidate the contested matter of sanctions in Zimbabwe by outlining all the “sanctions and measures” mentioned in the GPA currently in place. Who do they target, how rigorously are they implemented, and are all re…

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political c…

Africa Command: Opportunity for Enhanced Engagement or the Militarization of U.S.-Africa Relations?

"AFRICOM will not be accepted in Africa if it does not take into account the desires and aspirations of the African people for peace, security and development. The policy that AFRICOM aims to enhance should be reflective of the African realities: g…

The African Strategic Environment 2020 Challenges for the SA Army

"The introductory section to this paper argued that the nature of war has changed from inter-state to internal conflict and that formal war is seldom declared – and seldom fought.In fact much more has changed. The very nature of security has under…

Liberating Liberia Charles Taylor and the Rebels Who Unseated Him

"August 2003 was a dramatic month for Liberia. Rebels held Monrovia under siege, West African peacekeepers moved in, President Charles Taylor stepped down and the United States made its first peacekeeping foray into Africa in a decade. For Liberia, …

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