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Sanitation, Potable Water Supply and Environmental Protection Benefits, Progress and Issues for Sustainability in Developing Countries

"At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002, the international community agreed to a target to halve the proportion of people who lack access to basic sanitation by 2015. Available information paints a grim picture…

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale gas …

NEGOS-GRN : Rapport final Etat des lieux du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la gestion des ressources naturelles et foncières au Sénégal / NEGOS - GRN The Final Report State of the Legal Framework and Institutional Management of Land and Natural Res

"The launching workshop of the project is entitled: Combating desertification and decentralized management and negotiation of natural resources and land in Sahelian Africa. It was held in Ouagadougou during April and May 2009. It concluded with the …

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and re…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than war.…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

How Low Can you Go? Climate Talks in Lima

The meetings in Lima, Peru took place from 1 to 12 December 2014 being the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP10). It was formally the 20th session of the Conference of the …

Illegal Sand Mining in South Africa

"Natural sand from estuary and coastal land is one of South Africa’s most valuable resources. However, there has recently been a drastic increase in uncontrolled and unauthorised sand mining activities in rivers, valleys and estuaries throughout the…

Business Responsibility for Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Emerging Priorities

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is a major enduring challenge to governments, conservation organizations, the private sector and citizens of South Africa and other countries. The future conservation needs and objectives of …

Will Zimbabwe Lift the Ban on DTZ-OZGEO Mining Activities Along Mutare River in Penhalonga?

DTZ-OZGEO is a partnership between the Development Trust of Zimbabwe (DTZ) and a Russian registered company called Econedra. Vice President Dr. Joshua Nkomo initiated the set up of DTZ in 1989 with the vision of ensuring that Zimbabweans become act…

A Rights-Based Approach to Environmental Protection: The Zimbabwean Experience

"Stemming from the common law, international law and statute, Zimbabwean law has always recognised the prominent role that environmental rights should play in the environmental regulatory framework. In theory, this was based on recognition of the fa…

Preserving the African Elephant for Future Generations

"African elephants face an escalating poaching crisis due to an explosion in demand for ivory, mostly in China. Over 100 000 elephants were killed illegally between 2010 and 2012. This paper synthesises the relevant economic literature on elephant c…

Aligning Africa's Maritime Ambitions with Broader Indian Ocean Regionalism

"Blue Economy initiatives have proliferated in recent years, reflecting the growing prioritisation of maritime affairs within the policymaking community. Sustainability concerns related to climate change, pollution and fishing practices are an impor…

Multi-temporal Threshold Algorithm in Forest Fire Detection Using MSG Satellite: The Case of Zimbabwe

"Forest fires have the potential to increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere which is one of the greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. Climate change may also lead to increased outbreak of forest fires due to increased dryness cond…

Establishing Human Rights Safeguards for Foreign Investment in Africa: Redefining Rights to Promote Gender Equality in the Natural Resources Sector

"Human rights have become a Trojan Horse, conscripted to spread a particular economic agenda founded on individual property rights. The attainment of the right to own cannot be understood as a sufficient means to level the playing field for rural w…

Promoting the Integrated Governance of South Africa's Coastal Zone

"The effective management of the coastal zone is linked directly to the long-term development and wellbeing of coastal populations. Its importance warrants a dedicated management approach to balance its development, use and protection. Integrated…

International Investment and the Environment

The presentation opens with a graph which introduces the four broad arms of globalization and then discusses the effect of it on the environment in Nigeria specifically. The growth of international investment is discussed next, referring to the incr…

Eco-Cop Environmental Policing in Eastern Africa

"This paper looks at one dominant realm of governance that makes up modern policing, i.e.the environmental realm,and particularly the policing activity known as environmental crime management. This paper seeks to discuss these two variables and espe…

Annual Regional Conference of Judges on Environmental Security in Eastern Africa: Summary of presentations

"The environmental deterioration through human activity was proceeding at an unprecedented rate, and unless this process was held in check the damage caused would be grave and irreversible, hurting not only the present generation but future generat…

Environmental Crimes in Ethiopia

"This study sets out to examine this complex question by determining what constitutes an environmental crime in Ethiopian jurisprudence.This will be done by examining the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crimes. The study a…

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