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Socio-ecological Resilience in South Africa's Blue Economy: The Role of Marine Protected Areas

Globally there is a move to embrace ‘Blue Economies’ that promote the services the ocean provides to humankind. Ocean services include not only delivery of industries such as fisheries, mining, transport and tourism but also regulation of air quali…

Oceans of Plastics: Developing Effective African Policy Responses

While plastic is a revolutionary material, plastic waste is difficult to manage and has significant adverse effects if it escapes into the environment, especially the ocean. Many policy responses have been developed in an attempt to address this iss…

Green Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Guide for Policy Makers

This guide has been written as a reference tool for policy makers and planners on formulating policies and programmes that are supportive of green industrialization in SSA countries. In particular, the guide has aimed to provide a workable definit…

Marine and Coastal EbA for Enhanced Resilience in Southern Africa: Country Review: Seychelles

The Seychelles islands lie to the north-east of Madagascar, about 1 800km east of coastal Kenya. Most of the islands that make up the Seychelles are small, isolated and uninhabited, with the majority of the population living on the two main islands …

A Super Year for Ocean Governance: A Dream Deferred?

2020 was meant to be a ‘Super Year for the Ocean’, with a series of negotiations and political processes due to take place on ocean governance, climate change, biodiversity and sustainable development. However, the disruption caused by COVID-19 has …

Collection of FCFA Research Consortium and Country Summaries

This document comprises a collection of Research Consortium and country summaries. The research consortium summaries were produced by the following programmes: IMPALA, AMMA-2050, HyCRISTAL, UMFULA and FRACTAL. IMPALA:Improving Model ProcessesFor Afr…

East Africa: Marine-based 'blue economies' offer massive potential

Emma-Jane Fuller and Romy Chevallier of the South African Institute of International Affairs set the scene for an important conference on the region's "blue economy" which began in Mozambique on Thursday.

After Paris: Can the Private Sector Deliver Climate Compatible Development?

Action needed to tackle climate change will inevitably require a new industrial revolution, touching all countries. This should serve as both a challenge and an opportunity for the private sector – one to which it is responding. New technologies, in…

Invasive Plants and Food Security in Africa: The potential of Earth Observation Data

"The spread of invasive plant species has serious consequences for Africa. Toxic weeds and harmful shrubs significantly shrink rangelands and lower the productivity of major grain foods such as maize (in some instances by up to 45%). Toxic wee…

Sanitation, Potable Water Supply and Environmental Protection Benefits, Progress and Issues for Sustainability in Developing Countries

"At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002, the international community agreed to a target to halve the proportion of people who lack access to basic sanitation by 2015. Available information paints a grim picture…

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale gas …

NEGOS-GRN : Rapport final Etat des lieux du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la gestion des ressources naturelles et foncières au Sénégal / NEGOS - GRN The Final Report State of the Legal Framework and Institutional Management of Land and Natural Res

"The launching workshop of the project is entitled: Combating desertification and decentralized management and negotiation of natural resources and land in Sahelian Africa. It was held in Ouagadougou during April and May 2009. It concluded with the …

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and re…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than war.…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

How Low Can you Go? Climate Talks in Lima

The meetings in Lima, Peru took place from 1 to 12 December 2014 being the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP10). It was formally the 20th session of the Conference of the …

Illegal Sand Mining in South Africa

"Natural sand from estuary and coastal land is one of South Africa’s most valuable resources. However, there has recently been a drastic increase in uncontrolled and unauthorised sand mining activities in rivers, valleys and estuaries throughout the…

Business Responsibility for Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Emerging Priorities

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is a major enduring challenge to governments, conservation organizations, the private sector and citizens of South Africa and other countries. The future conservation needs and objectives of …

Will Zimbabwe Lift the Ban on DTZ-OZGEO Mining Activities Along Mutare River in Penhalonga?

DTZ-OZGEO is a partnership between the Development Trust of Zimbabwe (DTZ) and a Russian registered company called Econedra. Vice President Dr. Joshua Nkomo initiated the set up of DTZ in 1989 with the vision of ensuring that Zimbabweans become act…

A Rights-Based Approach to Environmental Protection: The Zimbabwean Experience

"Stemming from the common law, international law and statute, Zimbabwean law has always recognised the prominent role that environmental rights should play in the environmental regulatory framework. In theory, this was based on recognition of the fa…

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