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Sanitation, Potable Water Supply and Environmental Protection Benefits, Progress and Issues for Sustainability in Developing Countries

"At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002, the international community agreed to a target to halve the proportion of people who lack access to basic sanitation by 2015. Available information paints a grim pictu...

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale ga...

NEGOS-GRN : Rapport final Etat des lieux du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la gestion des ressources naturelles et foncières au Sénégal / NEGOS - GRN The Final Report State of the Legal Framework and Institutional Management of Land and Natural Res

"The launching workshop of the project is entitled: Combating desertification and decentralized management and negotiation of natural resources and land in Sahelian Africa. It was held in Ouagadougou during April and May 2009. It concluded with th...

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and ...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than wa...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and ...

How Low Can you Go? Climate Talks in Lima

The meetings in Lima, Peru took place from 1 to 12 December 2014 being the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP10). It was formally the 20th session of the Conference of th...

Illegal Sand Mining in South Africa

"Natural sand from estuary and coastal land is one of South Africa’s most valuable resources. However, there has recently been a drastic increase in uncontrolled and unauthorised sand mining activities in rivers, valleys and estuaries throughout t...

Business Responsibility for Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Emerging Priorities

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is a major enduring challenge to governments, conservation organizations, the private sector and citizens of South Africa and other countries. The future conservation needs and objectives o...

Will Zimbabwe Lift the Ban on DTZ-OZGEO Mining Activities Along Mutare River in Penhalonga?

DTZ-OZGEO is a partnership between the Development Trust of Zimbabwe (DTZ) and a Russian registered company called Econedra. Vice President Dr. Joshua Nkomo initiated the set up of DTZ in 1989 with the vision of ensuring that Zimbabweans become a...

A Rights-Based Approach to Environmental Protection: The Zimbabwean Experience

"Stemming from the common law, international law and statute, Zimbabwean law has always recognised the prominent role that environmental rights should play in the environmental regulatory framework. In theory, this was based on recognition of the ...

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricu...

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Us...

Sources of Finance in the International Climate Change Regime

"Public sources first and foremost: the initial $100 billion dollars to capitalise the Green Climate Fund should come from public sources. While developed countries claim there is no money, resources have been found to bail out big banks, subsidis...

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use i...

In Defense of Farmers and Community Rights: Justifying their Inclusion in Uganda's Plant Variety Protection Legislation

"This paper has highlighted how the protection of farmers’ and community rights in the plant variety protection legislation can help in terms of achieving agro-biodiversity conservation and enrichment, food security, national security and poverty ...

Eco Labelling : Overview and Implications for Developing Countries

"This policy brief aims to provide a brief introduction to eco-labelling and some of the implications that the presence of eco-labels may have on developing countries. Eco-labelling by implication links environmental with trade and market access ...

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures and International Climate Agreements

"This chapter has outlined several ideas and parameters for formalizing SD-PAMs in the context of the broader evolution of the climate change regime. A number of elements are likely to required, including definition of eligible types of SD-PAMs, ...

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

"The attractiveness of many cities in Africa is marred by the inefficient collection, management, disposal and reuse of municipal solid waste (MSW). Rectifying this requires a change in attitude towards how MSW is viewed. MSW needs to be viewed as...

Commercial Biofuel Land Deals & Environment and Social Impact Assessments in Africa: Three Case Studies in Mozambique and Sierra Leone

"The rapid increase in attempts by foreign investors to acquire large tracts of land in Africa for biofuel developments has generated substantial concern about their potential negative impact on the communities living in the targeted areas. This i...

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