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Preserving the African Elephant for Future Generations

"African elephants face an escalating poaching crisis due to an explosion in demand for ivory, mostly in China. Over 100 000 elephants were killed illegally between 2010 and 2012. This paper synthesises the relevant economic literature on elephant c…

Aligning Africa's Maritime Ambitions with Broader Indian Ocean Regionalism

"Blue Economy initiatives have proliferated in recent years, reflecting the growing prioritisation of maritime affairs within the policymaking community. Sustainability concerns related to climate change, pollution and fishing practices are an impor…

Multi-temporal Threshold Algorithm in Forest Fire Detection Using MSG Satellite: The Case of Zimbabwe

"Forest fires have the potential to increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere which is one of the greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. Climate change may also lead to increased outbreak of forest fires due to increased dryness cond…

Establishing Human Rights Safeguards for Foreign Investment in Africa: Redefining Rights to Promote Gender Equality in the Natural Resources Sector

"Human rights have become a Trojan Horse, conscripted to spread a particular economic agenda founded on individual property rights. The attainment of the right to own cannot be understood as a sufficient means to level the playing field for rural w…

Promoting the Integrated Governance of South Africa's Coastal Zone

"The effective management of the coastal zone is linked directly to the long-term development and wellbeing of coastal populations. Its importance warrants a dedicated management approach to balance its development, use and protection. Integrated…

International Investment and the Environment

The presentation opens with a graph which introduces the four broad arms of globalization and then discusses the effect of it on the environment in Nigeria specifically. The growth of international investment is discussed next, referring to the incr…

Eco-Cop Environmental Policing in Eastern Africa

"This paper looks at one dominant realm of governance that makes up modern policing, i.e.the environmental realm,and particularly the policing activity known as environmental crime management. This paper seeks to discuss these two variables and espe…

Annual Regional Conference of Judges on Environmental Security in Eastern Africa: Summary of presentations

"The environmental deterioration through human activity was proceeding at an unprecedented rate, and unless this process was held in check the damage caused would be grave and irreversible, hurting not only the present generation but future generat…

Environmental Crimes in Ethiopia

"This study sets out to examine this complex question by determining what constitutes an environmental crime in Ethiopian jurisprudence.This will be done by examining the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crimes. The study a…

Climate Change and Natural Resources Conflicts in Africa

"The conference aims to address a number of questions such as: How vulnerable are the economies of Africa to the impact of climate variability and change? How are national and regional institutions preparing to adapt to the impact of climate variabi…

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Sudan

"This report analyses the nature and extent of environmental crime in Sudan. It is based on a study commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) that is implemented jointly by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the East African …

Developing Tourism in Botswana: Progress and Challenges

"The analysis indicates that Botswana tourism arrival figures have been declining during the past three years, especially from lucrative overseas tourism markets. The implications of such declines for job creation, economic growth and foreign exch…

Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell

Excerpt: "The Nigerian government’s 4 June 2008 decision to replace the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) as operator of oil concessions in Ogoni areas offers an opportunity for ending one of the longest-running conflicts between a multinat…

The Environment and Corporate Governance in Zimbabwe

"Formerly one of Africa’s most promising economies, Zimbabwe has begun a process of economic reconstruction after decades of political turmoil and economic mismanagement. The advent of a national unity government in February 2009 launched a new but …

Forest Governance in Africa

"This paper sets out to provide an overview of key forest governance issues across the African continent. Due to limitations of length, it focuses particularly on the experiences in western, central and, to a lesser extent, eastern subregions of the…

China in the African Solar Energy Sector

"Access to reliable and affordable electricity is critical for poverty alleviation and the improvement of livelihoods, including in the areas of education, health, and industrial development in Africa. However, a combination of factors, such as cli…

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environme…

Antarctica and the 1991 Madrid Protocol: the political implications for South Africa

" In June 1991, the consultative Parties of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) negotiated the Protocol on Environmental Protection for the Antarctic Continent. The Madrid Protocol was designed to produce a legal and political framework for the implem…

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricult…

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Usam…

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