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Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use its…

In Defense of Farmers and Community Rights: Justifying their Inclusion in Uganda's Plant Variety Protection Legislation

"This paper has highlighted how the protection of farmers’ and community rights in the plant variety protection legislation can help in terms of achieving agro-biodiversity conservation and enrichment, food security, national security and poverty re…

Eco Labelling : Overview and Implications for Developing Countries

"This policy brief aims to provide a brief introduction to eco-labelling and some of the implications that the presence of eco-labels may have on developing countries. Eco-labelling by implication links environmental with trade and market access is…

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures and International Climate Agreements

"This chapter has outlined several ideas and parameters for formalizing SD-PAMs in the context of the broader evolution of the climate change regime. A number of elements are likely to required, including definition of eligible types of SD-PAMs, as…

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

"The attractiveness of many cities in Africa is marred by the inefficient collection, management, disposal and reuse of municipal solid waste (MSW). Rectifying this requires a change in attitude towards how MSW is viewed. MSW needs to be viewed as a…

Forest Governance in Africa

"This paper sets out to provide an overview of key forest governance issues across the African continent. Due to limitations of length, it focuses particularly on the experiences in western, central and, to a lesser extent, eastern subregions of the…

China in the African Solar Energy Sector

"Access to reliable and affordable electricity is critical for poverty alleviation and the improvement of livelihoods, including in the areas of education, health, and industrial development in Africa. However, a combination of factors, such as cli…

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environme…

Antarctica and the 1991 Madrid Protocol: the political implications for South Africa

" In June 1991, the consultative Parties of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) negotiated the Protocol on Environmental Protection for the Antarctic Continent. The Madrid Protocol was designed to produce a legal and political framework for the implem…

Eco-Cop Environmental Policing in Eastern Africa

"This paper looks at one dominant realm of governance that makes up modern policing, i.e.the environmental realm,and particularly the policing activity known as environmental crime management. This paper seeks to discuss these two variables and espe…

Annual Regional Conference of Judges on Environmental Security in Eastern Africa: Summary of presentations

"The environmental deterioration through human activity was proceeding at an unprecedented rate, and unless this process was held in check the damage caused would be grave and irreversible, hurting not only the present generation but future generat…

Environmental Crimes in Ethiopia

"This study sets out to examine this complex question by determining what constitutes an environmental crime in Ethiopian jurisprudence.This will be done by examining the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crimes. The study a…

Climate Change and Natural Resources Conflicts in Africa

"The conference aims to address a number of questions such as: How vulnerable are the economies of Africa to the impact of climate variability and change? How are national and regional institutions preparing to adapt to the impact of climate variabi…

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Sudan

"This report analyses the nature and extent of environmental crime in Sudan. It is based on a study commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) that is implemented jointly by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the East African …

Dynamics of Decision Making in Africa

"The aim of this conference was to gain a clearer understanding of how and why decisions are arrived at within Africa’s continental and regional organisations. The continental and regional levels of decision making are analysed in order to provide …

A Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Water Hyacinth Control Methods: The Case of Lakes Kyoga and Victoria Ecosystems in Uganda

"This study was undertaken: to conduct environmental economic analyses and make comparisons among the four control methods, to make simulations of potential combination of the four methods and undertake sensitivity analysis and to develop an analyti…

Traditional Oromo Attitudes Towards the Environment: An Argument for Environmentally Sound Development

"This paper explores traditional Oromo attitudes towards the environment and their impact on rural development, environmental protection and modern environmental ethics. Its major findings are that environment has always been the fundamental concer…

Developing Tourism in Botswana: Progress and Challenges

"The analysis indicates that Botswana tourism arrival figures have been declining during the past three years, especially from lucrative overseas tourism markets. The implications of such declines for job creation, economic growth and foreign exch…

Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell

Excerpt: "The Nigerian government’s 4 June 2008 decision to replace the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) as operator of oil concessions in Ogoni areas offers an opportunity for ending one of the longest-running conflicts between a multinat…

The Environment and Corporate Governance in Zimbabwe

"Formerly one of Africa’s most promising economies, Zimbabwe has begun a process of economic reconstruction after decades of political turmoil and economic mismanagement. The advent of a national unity government in February 2009 launched a new but …

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