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Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricu...

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Us...

Sources of Finance in the International Climate Change Regime

"Public sources first and foremost: the initial $100 billion dollars to capitalise the Green Climate Fund should come from public sources. While developed countries claim there is no money, resources have been found to bail out big banks, subsidis...

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use i...

In Defense of Farmers and Community Rights: Justifying their Inclusion in Uganda's Plant Variety Protection Legislation

"This paper has highlighted how the protection of farmers’ and community rights in the plant variety protection legislation can help in terms of achieving agro-biodiversity conservation and enrichment, food security, national security and poverty ...

Eco Labelling : Overview and Implications for Developing Countries

"This policy brief aims to provide a brief introduction to eco-labelling and some of the implications that the presence of eco-labels may have on developing countries. Eco-labelling by implication links environmental with trade and market access ...

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures and International Climate Agreements

"This chapter has outlined several ideas and parameters for formalizing SD-PAMs in the context of the broader evolution of the climate change regime. A number of elements are likely to required, including definition of eligible types of SD-PAMs, ...

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

"The attractiveness of many cities in Africa is marred by the inefficient collection, management, disposal and reuse of municipal solid waste (MSW). Rectifying this requires a change in attitude towards how MSW is viewed. MSW needs to be viewed as...

Commercial Biofuel Land Deals & Environment and Social Impact Assessments in Africa: Three Case Studies in Mozambique and Sierra Leone

"The rapid increase in attempts by foreign investors to acquire large tracts of land in Africa for biofuel developments has generated substantial concern about their potential negative impact on the communities living in the targeted areas. This i...

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) among SMEs in Cameroon: Entrenching Environmental Conservation within Small Business

"In Cameroon, the practice of CSR is critical in that the important environmental aspects are often neglected by industrial enterprises. Despite the positive impacts of the industrial sector in economic and social development, we should consider...

A Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Water Hyacinth Control Methods: The Case of Lakes Kyoga and Victoria Ecosystems in Uganda

"This study was undertaken: to conduct environmental economic analyses and make comparisons among the four control methods, to make simulations of potential combination of the four methods and undertake sensitivity analysis and to develop an analy...

Traditional Oromo Attitudes Towards the Environment: An Argument for Environmentally Sound Development

"This paper explores traditional Oromo attitudes towards the environment and their impact on rural development, environmental protection and modern environmental ethics. Its major findings are that environment has always been the fundamental conc...

Dynamics of Decision Making in Africa

"The aim of this conference was to gain a clearer understanding of how and why decisions are arrived at within Africa’s continental and regional organisations. The continental and regional levels of decision making are analysed in order to provid...

Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell

Excerpt: "The Nigerian government’s 4 June 2008 decision to replace the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) as operator of oil concessions in Ogoni areas offers an opportunity for ending one of the longest-running conflicts between a multin...

The Environment and Corporate Governance in Zimbabwe

"Formerly one of Africa’s most promising economies, Zimbabwe has begun a process of economic reconstruction after decades of political turmoil and economic mismanagement. The advent of a national unity government in February 2009 launched a new bu...

Forest Governance in Africa

"This paper sets out to provide an overview of key forest governance issues across the African continent. Due to limitations of length, it focuses particularly on the experiences in western, central and, to a lesser extent, eastern subregions of t...

China in the African Solar Energy Sector

"Access to reliable and affordable electricity is critical for poverty alleviation and the improvement of livelihoods, including in the areas of education, health, and industrial development in Africa. However, a combination of factors, such as c...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

Antarctica and the 1991 Madrid Protocol: the political implications for South Africa

" In June 1991, the consultative Parties of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) negotiated the Protocol on Environmental Protection for the Antarctic Continent. The Madrid Protocol was designed to produce a legal and political framework for the impl...

Eco-Cop Environmental Policing in Eastern Africa

"This paper looks at one dominant realm of governance that makes up modern policing, i.e.the environmental realm,and particularly the policing activity known as environmental crime management. This paper seeks to discuss these two variables and es...

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