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Challenges and Prospects for Trans-boundary Fisheries in Lakes Chiuta and Kariba

"This brief set out to highlight the challenges and prospects for involvement of resource-users around trans-boundary fisheries. Whilst the countries involved have instituted CBNRM initiatives and are implementing TBNRM programmes, the actual contr…

The Membership Problem in People-centred Approaches to Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

"Who should qualify to be a member of a natural resource management (NRM) programme in southern Africa with the attendant benefits and responsibilities? In Zimbabwe, membership of such programmes could be described as membership by decree, in Nami…

Killing the Goose that Lays the Golden Egg: An Analysis of Budget Allocations and Revenue from the Environment and Natural Resource Sector in Karamoja Region

"This study explains the causal relationship between governance and environmental accountability in the Karamoja region. In essence, this particular study provides a baseline description of the ENR budget in the region. The overall objective of the …

Renewable Natural Resources, Sustainable Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction In Nigeria

"This paper analyses the role and implications of the management and use of renewable natural resources in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. It assesses the changes in quantity and quality of renewable natural resources, quantifies t…

Examining the Nexus Between Nature, Wealth and Power in the Lake George Fishery: The Case of Mayor Actors in the Fish Product Chain

"In this briefing paper, we present preliminary observations on the extent of degradation of fishery resources on Lake George, the structure of actors engaged in exploitation of the fisheries as well as key factors determining winners and losers in …

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

"This paper argues that political parties are going to be the main power blockers in the new political dispensation under a multiparty political system including making important decisions over the management and utilization of the environment and n…

'People are not Happy' - Speaking up for Adaptive Natural Resource Governance in Mahenye. Evolution and Resilience in the Face of Adversity, or another Case of Community Based Natural Resource Mangement (CBNRM) in Crisis?

"This paper explores the ongoing events surrounding the CAMPFIRE project of Mahenye in Zimbabwe within the context of the recent discourse of crisis within community based natural resource management (CBNRM) and crisis within the country itself. Des…

Malaria and Agriculture: A Global Review of the literature with a Focus on the Application of Integrated Pest and Vector Management in East Africa and Uganda

"Malaria is one of the top five causes of death worldwide, and roughly half the world’s population lives at risk of the disease. This health problem disproportionately affects the poor, particularly those in Africa south of the Sahara, where the dis…

Leveraging Carbon Revenue for Poverty Alleviation

"This paper will describe the process of how a poor community in Umdoni, Kwazulu Natal (KZN) South Africa achieved GHG reductions and converted these into carbon revenues and then recycled the bulk of the revenue back into their community. A volun…

A Status Quo, Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment of the Physical and Socio-Economic Effects of Climate Change in the Western Cape

"Clear evidence of the early signs of anthropogenic climate change are evident in the temperature record in the Western Cape, and that rainfall trends, though more variable, also suggest some shifts in the “normal” climate regime. We suggest further…

Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Cape Town

"The 20th century has seen the greatest warning in the past thousand years due to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2001b). Climate models now predict that the atmosphere’s temperature wi…

Emissions Trading as a Policy Option for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in South Africa

"This paper is an initial study of ET, and its application to South Africa as a domestic emissions mitigation policy instrument. Whilst broad findings emerge from the guidance of theory and lessons from existing ETS implemented internationally, more…

People-centred Environmental Management and Municipal Commonage in the Nama Karoo

"Land reform is a key part of government policy, spurred politically by the claims of the landless, as well as the land reform pressures in countries like Zimbabwe. It is clear to national and provincial governments that land reform should be spe…

Dialogue of Theory and Empirical Evidence: A Weighted Decision and Tenurial Niche Approach to Reviewing the Operation of Natural Resource Policy in Rural Southern Africa

"Considerable research has been conducted on community-based natural resource management in rural southern Africa. Many interesting insights have accumulated from the literature on the research issues of earlier generations. The challenge is to brea…

Challenges of Co-Management on Shared Fishery Ecosystems: The Case of Lake Chiuta

"There are frequent conflicts among fishing communities on Lake Chiuta mainly due to definitions of resource boundaries and membership, the limited empowerment of the user communities because of weak decentralised structures, and the application of…

The Impact of Community-based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management on the Forest Resource Base and Local People's Livelihoods: Case Studies from Tanzania

"In recent years, there has been a move in eastern and southern African countries from centralised and state-driven management of natural resources towards decentralised and people-centred based regimes. In Tanzania, the inception of the 1998 nation…

Waking up from the Dream: The Pitfalls of 'Fast-Track' Development on the Wild Coast of South Africa

"The main aim of this study was to explore the issues involved in reconciling the policy objectives of land reform, environmental conservation and the private sector profit-oriented rural development initiative in post apartheid South Africa. Rathe…

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

"The attractiveness of many cities in Africa is marred by the inefficient collection, management, disposal and reuse of municipal solid waste (MSW). Rectifying this requires a change in attitude towards how MSW is viewed. MSW needs to be viewed as a…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This book is not only attempting to understand and document the problem, and analyze the interventions but also to understand the traditional coping mechanisms of pastoral communities and evaluate whether external interventions streamline those m…

Policies, Regulations and Institutional Framework for Improved Sanitation in Kigali: Rwanda

"Rwanda, like most developing countries, is facing many challenges in sanitation sector. One of the main factors why the country cannot cope effectively with sanitation problems is the lack of an improved “Policy, Regulations and Institutional Fra…

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