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Modelling Drivers of Emissions in the LTMS

"To provide an overview of the drivers used to project sectoral demand in the South African Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) and in so doing provide guidance to modellers embarking on similar processes. Consideration is given to the method u…

Regional Trade Considerations in the LTMS

"The briefing paper discusses alternative ways of including regional trade in bottom up energy economic models such as MARKAL or MESSAGE and explores general opportunities for including regional trade in modelling exercises. The countries at the tw…

Uganda's Electricity Sector Reforms and Institutional Restructuring

"Using time series and the Uganda National Household Survey data, this paper seeks to examine the impact of the electricity reforms on the performance of the sector. Specifically, we investigate the effectiveness of the reforms in terms of sector p…

Regulatory and Competition–Related Reforms in Kenya’s Power and Petroleum Sectors

"Kenya embarked on a process to reform its energy sector in earnest after mid-1990. The enactment of the Electric Power Act, 1997 and later the Energy Act, 2006 set the stage for reform in the two energy sub-sectors. The two legislations laid the fo…

Energy Poverty in Zambia

Of the estimated 3.01 million households in Zambia, in 2015, only 35.8% and 16.1% utilised clean energy fuels for their lighting and cooking services respectively. Usage and access to clean energy is essential for economic growth, human development …

Improving Energy Efficiency and Interconnectivity in Africa through Regional Economic Integration

Affordable and efficient energy supply is essential for enhanced welfare and better development outcomes. However, African states suffer from huge deficits in energy generation and distribution, resulting in unreliable power networks, frequent power…

The Impact of Cross-country Heterogeneity on Consumer Energy Efficiency: Evidence from a Panel of African Countries

Considering the widespread depletion of global energy resources, the efficient use of energy is required to guarantee energy access and reduce energy poverty. To this end, this study investigates the level of residential energy efficiency for 17 Afr…

Morocco's Decarbonization Pathway Part II: Updated Decarbonization Scenarios

The consequences of climate change are becoming progressively more visible in Morocco. Changes in rainfall patterns and drought, increases in average temperatures and heatwaves, flooding, and rising sea levels are increasingly affecting several regi…

La Trajectoire de Décarbonisation du Maroc - 2ème Partie: Scénarios de Décarbonisation Actualisés / Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway Part II: Updated Decarbonization Scenarios

The consequences of climate change are becoming progressively more visible in Morocco. Changes in rainfall patterns and drought, increases in average temperatures and heatwaves, flooding, and rising sea levels are increasingly affecting several regi…

Prerequisite for Progress: Accessible, Reliable Power Still in Short Supply Across Africa

Given its undisputed importance for almost any aspect of development – from health and educational achievement to economic growth and poverty reduction – access to electricity may have earned the status of a basic human right. At a minimum, it is wi…

The Productivity Cost of Power Outages for Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Senegal

This paper investigates the productivity effects of power outages on manufacturing Small Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Senegal, using a panel data on manufacturing firms. Productivity is estimated using stochastic frontier models, and power outages me…

Implications of Migration to Cost-reflective Tariffs in Eswatini's Electricity Sector

The study investigates the possible impacts of migrating to cost reflective tariffs in Eswatini’s electricity sector. This involves assessing the electricity consumptions patterns of the different electricity customer categories in relation to the …

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