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Africa's Climate: Helping Decision Makers Make Sense of Climate Information

"African decision-makers need reliable, accessible, and trustworthy information about the continent’s climate, and how this climate might change in future, if they are to plan appropriately to meet the region’s development challenges. The Future Cl…

Low Carbon Energy and Development in Low-income Countries Policy Lessons from a Study of the Off-grid Photovoltaics Sector in Kenya

"Sustainable energy technologies could contribute significantly to human development and economic growth in low-income countries. Public policy has an important role to play in fostering the markets for these technologies. This briefing summarises …

Energy Challenges in Southern Africa: Balancing Renewable Energy Source Options in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The building of most large dams in Africa dates back decades. However, since the beginning of the 21st century there has been a revival in the building of large-scale hydropower projects, and the Grand Inga project in the Democratic Republic of Co…

Factors Influencing Sustained Use of Efficient Cook Stoves and Solar Lighting Solutions: A Case Study from Kenya

Efficient cook stoves have been an important policy focus of international development efforts to address negative health and environmental problems associated with traditional cooking practices. However, major emphasis has been on ensuring initia…

Power and the Private Sector in Tanzania: Prospects for the AFDB's High Fives Strategy

A stable, affordable energy supply underpins economic development by enabling infrastructure development and investment, and ultimately increases industrialisation and enhances competitiveness. Ensuring electricity security is therefore vital for al…

Sporadic Fuel Crisis in South Sudan: Causes Impacts and Solutions

South Sudan has encountered waves of periodic fuel crisis since 2011. The government has attempted quick-fix measures, but the crisis has continued unabated. Despite a number of speculations surrounding this matter, however, the actual causes and im…

Electricity Provision and Tax Mobilization in Africa

In this paper, we provide evidence on how the provision of social infrastructure such as reliable electricity can be leveraged to increase taxation in developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). First, using comprehensive data fro…

Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies for Policymakers 2017

Public-private partnerships (PPPs), i.e. private finance for public infrastructure, are now emerging as a viable source of infrastructure investment in developing countries. A successful PPP arrangement capitalises on the strengths of both the priva…

Damned if you Dam: Tanzania's Energy Dilemmas

A relatively small proportion of Tanzania’s rural population has access to electricity. Broad-based access to electricity is critical to inclusive, sustainable development. Electrification entails significant positive benefits; its absence portends …

Ethiopian Universal Electrification Development Strategies

Having access to modern energy sources is essential for economic development and livelihood improvement. Access to modern energy supports both income generation activities and the national development agenda through improving education, reducing ind…

Managing for Gender Equality Results: Empowerment of Women for Equitable Participation in the Oil and Gas Sector

As Africa continues to set policies and frameworks for managing its fast-growing oil and gas industry, it has to ensure equal participation of men and women. Africa is home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies. In 2010, 16 of the 54 coun…

State, Market and Competition - Can Eskom be rescued?

Eskom is a vertically integrated monopoly, wholly owned by the state, supplying about 90 per cent of the electricity consumed in South Africa. Measured by generating capacity, it is the eleventh largest power utility in the world. It is the sixth la…

Compendium of Case Studies on Natural Resources and Energy in Africa

Africa is a continent of widespread reserves of natural resources (oil, minerals, forests, water and farmland), which can support its economic transformation. Paradoxically, rather than contributing to shared growth and development, rich deposits of…

Transitioning to Renewable Energy: An Analysis of Energy Situation in Juba, South Sudan

South Sudan faces a serious energy crisis due to a number of factors, including devastating conflicts (e.g. 1955-172, 1983-2005 & 2013–present) and reliance on the fossil fuel source. The country has the lowest energy consumption rate in Africa and …

What to do about Eskom?

This year, in his budget speech, the Finance Minister announced that Eskom, the state-owned, crisisriven electricity utility would be unbundled into three entities through the creation of subsidiary companies under Eskom Holdings. The decision flows…

Guidelines for the Selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms to Support MAPS Processes

"A number of countries in South America, including Peru, Brazil, Chile and Colombia are collaborating on long-term national climate planning through the Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) platform. Under MAPS, countries explore different p…

The Green Economy in the G-20, Post-Mexico: Implications for Brazil

"The preparations for the 2012 G-20 Leaders’ Summit in Los Cabos, Mexico, coincided with negotiations around the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro (Rio+20), co-ordinated by Brazil. This coincidence led to a conflict between…

Building a Regional Electricity Market: SAPP challenges

"Regional power trade has many potential benefits. Indeed, enlarging national electricity markets beyond borders could help to decrease variable supply and demand issues and stimulate capacity investment. In Southern Africa, the Southern African Pow…

'Energetic' Dialogues in South Africa: The EU Example

"Since the energy crisis of 2007–2008, investor interest in the South African energy sector has been on the rise. This has drawn more attention to the importance of energy in the South Africa–EU relationship. The introduction of the South African N…

Bioenergy Policy Review in Tanzania

"Biofuel is a fast growing sector in Tanzania. some companies are acquiring big tracts of land, some up to 400 000 hectares for growing biofuel crops. It is believed that the country has a reserve of 88 million hectares for agriculture. The governme…

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