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The Third Wave: Mixed Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa

Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa has been extremely well-documented by researchers. In this paper, we suggest that there is a need to periodize these migration flows in order to understand how and why they have changed over time, not simply i…

The Disengagement of the South African Medical Diaspora

Conventional wisdom holds that the ‘brain drain’ of health professionals from Africa is deeply damaging to the continent. Recently, a group of North American and European neo-liberal economists has challenged this conventional wisdom, variously arg…

Zimbabwe's Exodus to Australia, 2015

This paper focuses on emigration of Zimbabwe-born migrants to Australia, partly because Australia is largely omitted from the important text, Zimbabwe’s Exodus even though it has become an important destination, and partly because the data is better…

The New Brain Drain from Zimbabwe

All the signs point to the existence of a growing exodus of skilled Zimbabweans from the country. Although the precise dimensions and impacts of this “brain drain” have yet to be determined, the Zimbabwean government has recently sought to stem the …

Changing Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Botswana

For the last two decades, Botswana has had the reputation as a “country of immigration,” based on the large-scale import of skilled expatriates from Africa, Asia and the West. This policy has been accompanied by a general acceptance, and even openn…

Policing Migration: Immigration Enforcement and Human Rights in South Africa

This paper examines reported incidents of human rights abuses and violence directed towards foreigners where government employees have been the perpetrators. We discuss both direct human rights abuses and incidents of violence (with examples drawn f…

Criminal Tendencies: Immigrants and Illegality in South Africa

The purpose of this brief has been to draw attention to the complex new forms of migration and immigration that are transforming traditional migration dynamics to South Africa. Our intention, in doing so, is to contest the view that there is any nec…

Making Up the Numbers: Measuring “Illegal Immigration” to South Africa

This paper critically reviews the current state of knowledge about undocumented migration and irregular employment in South Africa as a baseline exercise. It begins with an overview of the major causes of the upsurge in migration to South Africa fr…

Forging a "New Deal" for South Africa? The Contribution of Parliament's High Level Panel Report

South Africa urgently needs a new approach to deal with dangerously high poverty, unemployment and inequality levels. Policy and regulatory changes must be implemented to unleash faster levels of growth and much greater inclusion. The President of t…

Basotho Increasingly Favour Legalizing Dual Citizenship, Unifying with South Africa

Lesotho’s Constitution prohibits Lesotho citizens from holding the citizenship of any other country. Basotho who want to become citizens of another country must renounce their Lesotho citizenship, giving up certain rights and benefits to which Lesot…

Investing in “Migrant” Human Capital

This Policy Brief offers a new perspective on African migration to Europe, by proposing to invest in the economic and human capital represented by African migrants. This would require professional training of candidates wanting to migrate, mainly th…

Investir dans le capital humain ‘’migrant’’ / Investing in “Migrant” Human Capital

This Policy Brief offers a new perspective on African migration to Europe, by proposing to invest in the economic and human capital represented by African migrants. This would require professional training of candidates wanting to migrate, mainly th…

Views of Namibia's Economy Darken Sharply; Youth more likely to Consider Emigration

In the past two years, Namibia’s economy has struggled. In 2016, the country saw two consecutive quarters of negative gross domestic product (GDP) growth, officially plunging it into a depression, followed by the first year since 1993 to record a de…

Returning Migrants: Europe’s Focus, but at what Cost?

Europe’s focus on returning migrants to Africa, despite resistance at continental and country levels, is growing and is likely to increase in scale and scope. These policies and practices are some of the most contentious in the migration domain. P…

‘La mal vie’: The Routes, Drivers and Politics of North African Irregular Migration

Between 2016 and 2019 irregular migration by North Africans to Europe increased noticeably. The rising numbers are driven by economic pessimism, social frustration and structural inequality. Old routes, which stretch from North African to European …

Young and Educated Ugandans are Most Likely to Consider Emigration

Migration has marked Uganda as a country of destination and transit as well as of origin. Responding to political violence, economic problems, and humanitarian crises both within its borders and in South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and …

Africa & Europe: Different Demographic Trends Seeds for a Smart Partnership

In Africa’s impending demographic dividend and the looming threat posed by Europe’s aging, lie the seeds of an agenda with the possibilities to generate win-wins for both continents. Might Europe’s future labor market requirements hold the key for…

Complementarity: The Global Compact on Refugees and 1969 OAU Refugee Convention

This policy brief highlights three areas where the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) can support the implementation of the 1969 Organization of African Unity Refugee Convention. These are: enhancing African solidarity and international cooperation;…

Migrant Smuggling Paths from the Horn of Africa to Yemen and Saudi Arabia

This report examines the smuggling networks facilitating irregular migration from the Horn of Africa to countries in the Arabian Peninsula, also referred to as the Gulf. In addition to analysing the structure and modus operandi of migrant smugglin…

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to dev…

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