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The Somali Diaspora Options for Post-Conflict Reconstruction

"The civil unrest in Somalia dispersed a large number of Somalis to different parts of the globe. Owing to the efforts of the international community in establishing a new government, there is a renewed sense of hope for Somalia’s reconstruction. T…

What has been Happening to Internal Labour Migration in South Africa, 1993-1999?

"The data that are available in nationally representative household surveys for the period 1993 to 1999 were explored. Three questions are being posed. First, what is the extent of temporary labour migration within South Africa and what trends emer…

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The urba…

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

"Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistance.…

Gender, Migration and Remittances in Southern Africa

"Migrant remittances have become an important source of income for many developing countries, exceeding official development assistance. As a result, migration and remittance behaviour are becoming a growing focus of international attention. Under…

Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe

"Migrant remittances are now recognised as an important source of global development finance and there is increasing evidence that international remittances have considerable developmental impacts. The contribution of remittances to GDP in many dev…

Migration, Remittances and "Development" in Lesotho

"Lesotho is one of the most migration dependent countries in the world. Migrant remittances are the country’s major source of foreign exchange, accounting for 25% of GDP in 2006. Lesotho is also one of the poorest countries in the world due to high…

Rural Non-Farm Incomes and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

"The study examines some of the factors which determine the type of non-agricultural activities in rural Nigeria an individual engages in. It is argued that diversification from subsistence farming and support for rural on-farm employment opportuni…

Diasporas, Remittances and Africa South of the Sahara A Strategic Assessment

"This study attempts to assess the strategic value that remittances have in African countries situated south of the Sahara. In the first part, the focus is on political interaction between migrant communities and their homelands.Conspiracies,armed…

South Africa's Migration Policies A Regional Perspective

"Given the divergent interests of sending and receiving countries, participants expressed different views about the specifics of South Africa’s migration and border management regimes. However, they generally agreed that South Africa needed new po…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 5 No 1

"The principal objective of the scientific conference was to enhance the free exchange of views and ideas among African scholars, researchers, development partners, development practitioners and policymakers by facilitating for open and collaborativ…

Food Remittances: Migration and Food Security in Africa

Cash remittances have grown rapidly over the past two decades and are now at an all-time high. The World Bank estimates that international remittances reached USD436 billion in 2014, and predicts that they will increase to USD601 billion in 2016. …

The Third Wave: Mixed Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa

Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa has been extremely well-documented by researchers. In this paper, we suggest that there is a need to periodize these migration flows in order to understand how and why they have changed over time, not simply i…

The Disengagement of the South African Medical Diaspora

Conventional wisdom holds that the ‘brain drain’ of health professionals from Africa is deeply damaging to the continent. Recently, a group of North American and European neo-liberal economists has challenged this conventional wisdom, variously arg…

The Impact of International Remittance on Poverty, Household Consumption and Investment in Urban Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-Sectional Measures

To assess the impact of international remittances on poverty, household consumption and investment in urban Ethiopia, this study used primary household survey data collected from four major urban areas of the country namely Addis Ababa, Gonder, Hawa…

In Search of Opportunity: Young and Educated Africans More Likely to Consider Moving Abroad

By 2050, it is projected that one in every four humans will be African as the continent doubles its population, accounting for more than half of global population growth. Even with a land mass greater than India, China, the United States, and Europe…

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment and …

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Policy and Institutional Changes for Promoting Investment of Remittances in Kenya’s Agricultural Sector - Report

"There are many investment opportunities in Kenya's agricultural sector and other sectors of the economy, especially in rural areas. Taken from a value chain approach, vast opportunities exist in crop and livestock production, in provision of agri-s…

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to dev…

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