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Rural Non-Farm Incomes and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

"The study examines some of the factors which determine the type of non-agricultural activities in rural Nigeria an individual engages in. It is argued that diversification from subsistence farming and support for rural on-farm employment opportu...

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The ur...

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

"Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistanc...

Gender, Migration and Remittances in Southern Africa

"Migrant remittances have become an important source of income for many developing countries, exceeding official development assistance. As a result, migration and remittance behaviour are becoming a growing focus of international attention. Und...

Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe

"Migrant remittances are now recognised as an important source of global development finance and there is increasing evidence that international remittances have considerable developmental impacts. The contribution of remittances to GDP in many d...

Migration, Remittances and "Development" in Lesotho

"Lesotho is one of the most migration dependent countries in the world. Migrant remittances are the country’s major source of foreign exchange, accounting for 25% of GDP in 2006. Lesotho is also one of the poorest countries in the world due to hi...

Diasporas, Remittances and Africa South of the Sahara A Strategic Assessment

"This study attempts to assess the strategic value that remittances have in African countries situated south of the Sahara. In the first part, the focus is on political interaction between migrant communities and their homelands.Conspiracies,arm...

South Africa's Migration Policies A Regional Perspective

"Given the divergent interests of sending and receiving countries, participants expressed different views about the specifics of South Africa’s migration and border management regimes. However, they generally agreed that South Africa needed new ...

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 5 No 1

"The principal objective of the scientific conference was to enhance the free exchange of views and ideas among African scholars, researchers, development partners, development practitioners and policymakers by facilitating for open and collaborat...

The Somali Diaspora Options for Post-Conflict Reconstruction

"The civil unrest in Somalia dispersed a large number of Somalis to different parts of the globe. Owing to the efforts of the international community in establishing a new government, there is a renewed sense of hope for Somalia’s reconstruction....

What has been Happening to Internal Labour Migration in South Africa, 1993-1999?

"The data that are available in nationally representative household surveys for the period 1993 to 1999 were explored. Three questions are being posed. First, what is the extent of temporary labour migration within South Africa and what trends em...

Diaspora, Development and Morocco

This policy paper reviews what is known about the contribution that the diaspora can make to development in the country of origin, drawing from a small but rapidly growing empirical literature on the subject. It then further examines the needs of...

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment an...

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from...

Policy and Institutional Changes for Promoting Investment of Remittances in Kenya’s Agricultural Sector - Report

"There are many investment opportunities in Kenya's agricultural sector and other sectors of the economy, especially in rural areas. Taken from a value chain approach, vast opportunities exist in crop and livestock production, in provision of agri...

The Kenyan Experience Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

"Kenya is an East African country with a more recent history of emigration. The early emigration patterns of Kenyans began in the late 1950s where migration was primarily for educational purposes for citizens to train overseas and return home to d...

Needs Assessment Seminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA)

"This paper provides an overview of the key issues in migration and development. It identifies, defines and provides relevant instances of four main issues in the migration-development debate: (i) brain drain and brain circulation; (ii) migrant re...

The Kenya Experience MTM: A Dialogue in Action Linking Emigrant Communities for More Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices

This paper focuses on the emigration history of Kenyans on the one hand and then more recent outcomes of migrations. Kenyans emigrate due to economic, labour market, political, demographic and social factors. It is estimated that 87 267 Kenyans ha...

International Migration, Remittances and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia

"The paper explores the impact of international remittances on the Ethiopian economy and on the livelihoods and welfare of households. It uses macroeconomic data and data from the Ethiopian urban household survey. It was found that remittance shoc...

Informal Migrant Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

"While increasing attention is being paid to the drivers and forms of entrepreneurship in informal economies, much less of this policy and research focus is directed at understanding the links between mobility and informality. This report examines...

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