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The International Criminal Court’s cases in Kenya: origin and impact

"This paper examines the origins of the ICC’s work in Kenya and the impact thereof to date as Kenya awaits the April 2013 trial of four Kenyans in the two cases before the ICC. The paper re-traces the background to the post-elections violence and si…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 19

This publication contains documents on the Rhodesian Settlement initiatives with specific reference to the Lancaster House agreements and conference of October 1979. Several other statements by Sir Ian Gilmour and Lord Soames complete this section. …

The Conservative Victory and its Probable Effect on British and United States Foreign Policy towards Southern Africa

"The foregoing analysis has set out to show that there is little prospect of a change in British and American foreign policy towards white-controlled Southern Africa in the near future. Any change in these policies would represent a major shift in t…

Burundi: Bye Bye Arusha ?

"This report analyses how the control of the institutions by the ruling party and the boycott of the 2010 elections by the main opposition parties made the power-sharing system defined by the 2000 Arusha agreement irrelevant. This deal was instrumen…

Prospects for the 1991 Elections in Zambia

"I thought I would start the discussion this evening by a prognosis about what might happen if indeed there is a change of government in Zambia after October this year and what might happen if there is a government led by Frederick Chiluba, the curr…

The Preparedness of the Uganda Police to Ensure a Free, Fair and Violent-free Elections in 2011

"In recent years, Uganda has experienced violent riots and tensions surrounding elections. With violence reported in the most recent by-elections, the 2011 general elections have the unfortunate potential of erupting into serious violence, particula…

Egypt The People's Assembly and Shura Council Elections November 2011 - February 2012

"The elections covered in this report are the first post 'Arab Spring' parliamentary elections in Egypt. The 25 January 2011 'day of rage' protests in Egypt started with young people mobilising to demand the freedom to express their political rights…

Liberia The 23 August 2011 Referendum The 11 October 2011 Presidential, Senate and House of Representatives Elections The 8 November 2011 Presidential Run off Election

"On the basis of its observations and information received from stakeholders in Liberia, and based on the benchmarks provided in the AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, the Declaration of Principles on Internat…

Deepening Democracy in Uganda Legislative and Administrative Reforms Ahead of the 2011 Elections

"This policy briefing paper presents a summary of findings from a study on the legal and administrative reforms that the Government needs to undertake in order to facilitate the proper functioning of a multiparty political system in Uganda. In July …

Kenya's 2013 Elections

"This year’s elections in Kenya will be the first since the 2007-2008 post-election violence that left more than 1,000 dead and over 300,000 displaced and the 2010 adoption of a new constitution. The bloodshed was only ended after intense mediation…

The Kenyan Elections Within a Reconciliation Framework

"The next general election, slated for 4 March 2013, will mark yet another turning point in the history of Kenya. The current Policy Brief provides an analysis of the electoral process in Kenya, identifying it as an important and contributing factor…

Navigating Post-Peace Agreement Plebiscites: Zimbabwe and Kenya’s 2013 Elections

"This Policy & Practice Brief is informed by the persistent problem of contested electoral processes and results in a number of African countries. These are often accompanied by violence, with devastating effects not only on human security, but also…

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded politic…

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of polit…

Peace Processes in Côte D’Ivoire: Democracy and Challenges of Consolidating Peace After the Post-Electoral Crisis

“The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 ye…

Democratic Progress and Regress: How can Elections in Africa Nurture Human Security and Better Livelihoods?

"Three separate topics in this paper are addressed together. Conflict and peace are omnipresent conditions of human existence. The link between elections, security and development is therefore an important domain. It is customary to consider stabil…

Unfulfilled Promises and Their Consequences: A Reflection on Local Government Performance and the Critical Issue of Poor Service Delivery in South Africa

"This policy brief addresses various dimensions of the public service delivery struggle, to assess what challenges there are in the delivery of basic services. It considers the issues of political campaign promises and the actual performance by mun…

The Collapse of Gbagbo’s Regime and Ouattara’s Ascension Prospects and Challenges Ahead for Côte d’Ivoire

"Since December 2010, Côte d’Ivoire has witnessed the recurrence of a political crisis which was triggered by disputed presidential elections. This political crisis was a brutal assault on the country’s hopes and aspirations for peace. It also chal…

Uganda on the Eve of 50: The Legitimacy Challenge Aid, Autocrats, Plunder and an Independence-Era Jinx

"On the eve of turning 50 after independence, Uganda still faces the legitimacy challenge that dogged many African countries at independence, as ruling parties used state institutions to buy elections and the opposition, or to outlaw or jail competi…

Angola's Second Post War Elections: The Alchemy of Change

"The second post-war elections in Angola, in August 2012, have become a lens through which to observe the political changes this emerging African powerhouse will face in the coming years. President Jose Eduardo dos Santos was elected for the first …

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