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Implementing The Presidential (Transition) Act: Lessons, Challenges And The Way Forward

"The post-2012 election period presented the first test for implementing major aspects of the Presidential (Transition) Act, 2012 (Act 845). This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of how the law has been implemented. The approach taken invol…

The Social Significance Of Ghana’s 2002 District Level Elections – In The Upper East Region

"This paper attempts to analyse the social structure of the District Assemblies created by the District Assembly Elections of 2002. The Upper East Region of Ghana, which is the poorest region in the country, is the focus of the study. The analysis i…

Preliminary reflections on the 2016 Liberian National Conflict-Mapping Exercise

"Since 2009, the Government of Liberia (GoL), working with its national and international partners, has continued to provide leadership in responding to a myriad of critical conflict factors. It has done this through various peacebuilding frameworks…

Paradigm Shift: Youth Engagement in the Conduct of the 2015 Elections in Nigeria

This paper focuses on the engagement of youth in the conduct of the 2015 general elections in Nigeria, against a backdrop of historical experiences. The article illustrates a paradigm shift in youth engagement with regards to the conduct of election…

Two Decades of Election Observation by the African Union: A Review

This article discusses the various phases the African Union Election Observation Missions (AUEOMs) have passed through since participation by the Organization of African Unity OAU in the UN-led mission to monitor Namibia’s referendum in 1989. The …

Accountability, Contract Officers and the Integrity of the 2012 Election Outcome in Ghana

This paper presents a critical analysis of the 2012 election petition as an expression of dissatisfaction with the EC’s performance. The focus is on the role of temporary electoral officers in eroding public confidence in electoral processes, and …

A Comparative Case Study of the Voting Behaviour of Poor People in Three Selected South African Communities

This paper shares comparative data from a quantitative study which was undertaken in two selected poor communities during 2013 in Johannesburg (Riverlea and Doornkop) and a rural community in the Limpopo province in 2014. The two key factors that we…

Electoral Predictions in Africa: Predicting Winners in Relatively Stable Two-Party Systems, using Early and Incomplete Results

There is a protracted and tense period between polling and the actual announcement of results in African elections. This intermission is, in the best cases, marked by hopeful candidates urging tense supporters to stay calm. In the worst cases, such…

Journal of African Elections Special Issue South Africa’s 2014 Elections

Susan Booysen looks at the ANC’s impact and the various challenges it confronted and focuses on how the spread of the organisation’s electoral support is changing as a result. Sithembele Mbethe ascribes the ANC’s continued decline against the format…

Côte d'Ivoire's 2015 Presidential Election : A Sign of Democratic Progress?

Côte d’Ivoire’s 2015 presidential election, was the first since multiparty elections were introduced in 1990 in which all major parties were able to compete without triggering a civil war. This paper examines the extent of democratic progress regist…

Zimbabweans Demand Accountability in Governance, Doubt Efficacy of Elections

"Demand for accountability in governance is solid among Zimbabweans, even if ensuring accountability requires slower government processes. Citizens clearly assign Parliament responsibility for making laws and for holding the president accountable fo…

Election Quality, Public Trust are Central Issues for Africa's Upcoming Contests

"With at least 25 African countries conducting national elections in 2016-2017, great attention is focused on electoral management bodies – typically national electoral commissions – as crucial players in electoral processes and in shaping public pe…

Do Africans Still want Democracy?

More than half of all Africans today live in functioning multi-party electoral democracies that are demonstrably freer than the military or one-party regimes that previously dominated the continent. At the same time, the post-1990 gains that African…

Emerging Trends in Africa's Electoral Processes

"The quest for competitive elections in Africa, with the modest gains made since the 1990s towards deepening democratisation, continues to underpin the continent’s efforts to create stable and growing democracies. Since the post-Cold War transition …

Upholding Good Governance: Democracy, Elections, and Local Institutions under Political and Social Uncertainty

The first issue brief in this chapter is titled: We need to learn from recent crises in West Africa: Local governance and civil society solutions on pages 94-97. Major progress was made in 2016, firstly with cooperation between African governments,…

In Defense of Democracy: Lessons from ECOWAS’ Management of The Gambia’s 2016 Post-Election Impasse

"The years 2015 and 2016 were of great importance for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), through supporting the conduct of peaceful elections and the orderly transfer of power. A total of 10 of its 15 member states held election…

Partnering for Sustainable Peace in Liberia

This paper first analyzes Liberia’s national frameworks relevant to peace building and then examines the engagements of multiple peace building actors in Liberia, with a particular focus on the roles of African regional, sub regional and bilateral o…

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after an …

A No -Confidence Vote? Mozambicans still Vote, but Faith in Democracy is Slipping / Um voto de desconfiança? Os Moçambicanos ainda votam, mas a fé na democracia está a diminuir

Since independence in 1975, Mozambique’s history has been marked by deep economic crises, political instability, and widespread human-rights violations. In 1990, after 16 years of civil war between the governing Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (F…

Public Trust in Elections: The Role of Media Freedom and election Management Autonomy

"As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, inclu…

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