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Statement by IPSS during the Open Session of the AU Peace and Security Council held on Wednesday, 14 January 2015, on the Theme: Prevention of Election related Conflicts in Africa

"The statement was presented as recommendations to the AU/PSC, taking cognisance of the spectrum of issues and concerns increasingly associated with elections in Africa. The recommendations are divided into three categories: Prevention, Monitoring a…

From the Nakuru County Peace accord (2010-2012) to Lasting Peace

"The case study examines the post-election violence of 2007-2008 within a wider historical context of ethnic-based conflict. It reveals the critical role of four groups – male Elders from the Gikuyu and the Kalenjin communities, the National Cohesi…

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues rele…

Citizens in Action Making Peace in the Post Election Crisis in Kenya

This paper presents in some detail the story of a citizen diplomacy group, the Concerned Citizens for Peace (CCP), whose initiatives helped to rally the country toward dialogue and negotiations, thus serving as a precursor to the formal mediation pr…

What’s in it for me? Personalities, Enticements and Party Loyalties in Tanzania’s 2015 Elections

The fifth multi-party elections in Tanzania on 25 October 2015 could mark a watershed in national politics. Edward Lowassa, the former prime minister is the flagbearer for Ukawa, an opposition alliance forged during a heated contest over constitut…

South Africans Increasingly Dissatisfied with their Elected Leaders' Performance

"Public approval of the performance of the president, members of Parliament (MPs), and local government councillors has declined. The president’s approval rating is at its lowest level since 2000, well below the regional average for presidents. Unsu…

Zambians Gaining Confidence in Elections as Tools for Accountability

"As one of the first post-independence countries in Africa to effect leadership change through peaceful and competitive elections, Zambia has a history of multiparty politics dating back to 1991, when the United National Independent Party (UNIP) par…

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II

After the success of the elections of November 29th 2015, it is time to congratulate the transitional government which achieved the difficult mission of organizing the polls peacefully, as well as the Burkinabe political community for their sense of…

Do Citizens Reward Good Service? Voter Responses to Basic Service Provision in Southern Africa

"Theories of democratic governance posit that citizens should reward politicians for good service and punish them for bad. But does electoral accountability work as theorized, especially in developing country contexts? Studying southern African demo…

The rocky path from elections to a new constitution in Tunisia: Mechanisms for consensus-building and inclusive decision-making

"This paper outlines some of the innovative mechanisms for consensus-building and inclusive decision-making deployed in Tunisia since the 2011 elections. Much interest has been generated by the Yemeni national dialogue, with countries from Libya to …

International Youth Day: Despite Interest, African Youth not Connecting with Political Processes

"A majority of African youth are interested in public affairs and discuss politics with those around them, but relatively low levels of civic engagement and political participation suggest a disconnect between the continent’s “youth bulge” and democ…

Les Malgaches deviennent plus critiques vis-à-vis du fonctionnement de leur démocratie / Malagasy grow increasingly critical of how their democracy is working

In Madagascar most citizens support democracy but are dissatisfied with its implementation. A large majority of Madagascans reject undemocratic regimes as an ideal form of government. Most of the Malagasy population prefer free and fair elections to…

Support for Democracy in South Africa Declines amid Rising Discontent with Implementation

"In April 2015, South Africa marked the 21st anniversary of its inaugural elections under full universal suffrage, the country’s formal transition from apartheid to electoral democracy. South Africa’s political system is well-regarded by internation…

MDC-T Defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to Intimidation?

"In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also w…

Citizen Engagement in Zimbabwe at Lowest Level in a Decade

"Seven of 10 Zimbabweans consider it the duty of every citizen not only to vote in elections but also to participate in national and community affairs between elections, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows. Yet most Zimbabweans never engage with …

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2015

'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique mi…

Citizens and the State in Africa: New Results from Afrobarometer Round 3

"This compendium reports on the findings from new questions and topic areas explored in Round 3 of the Afrobarometer, involving public attitude surveys conducted in 18 countries from 2005-2006. The bulk of these new questions build upon the theme of…

South Africa's Opposition Narrows Trust Gap but Still Faces Mixed Perceptions of Vision and Role

"The African National Congress (ANC) has dominated post-apartheid South Africa’s political landscape. Following the 2014 national and provincial elections, the party holds 62% of National Assembly seats and governs eight of the country’s nine provin…

As South Africa's Local Elections Approach Public Confidence Underpins System in Turmoil

"South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral Com…

Election Management and Electoral Violence Mitigation ahead of 2016 Elections

Remarkable progress over the years, in election management has been registered across Africa. East African countries, in particular, have embraced democracy. However high levels of electoral-related violence remain a major challenge during election…

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