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Accelerating Human Capital Development to Optimise Zambia’s Chances of Harnessing the Demographic Dividend

The policy and programme options are highlighted in this policy brief that Zambia can adopt in order to accelerate human capital development to optimize its chances of harnessing the demographic dividend. In order to enhance the chances of earning …

Examining Nigeria's Learning Crisis: Can Communities be Mobilized to take Action?

Policy design and interventions in basic education were, until recently, unduly focused on increasing school enrollment in developing countries, with little attention on improving the quality of learning. Using two states in Nigeria – Lagos and Kano…

Analytical Brief on Social Sector Budget 2018: ‘A Mirage in the Social Sector budget’

As Zambia continues on its recovery path, Social Sectors spending remain cardinal to providing both increased and good quality services to its increasing population. The level of resources allocated to these sectors through the National Budget is th…

Investir sur le capital humain: Education et Santé / Investing in Human Capital: Education and Health

Development strategies and policies have always sought to identify the key variable to accelerate wealth creation and thus raise the well being of populations. The focus has been put on the accumulation of physical capital, labor, natural resources…

Examining Evidence of Feminization of Poverty in Botswana

"Poverty in Botswana is more pronounced in female-headed households (FHHs) especially those residing in rural areas where employment opportunities are limited. Similarly, the proportion of the FHHs to the total poor increased between 2002/03 and 20…

Doubling for Growth Addressing the Maths and Science Challenge in South Africa’s Schools

"This report provides an updated review of the state of maths and science schooling and a revised set of recommendations for increasing its output over the next few years, as the first phase of a broader strategy to improve the South African educa…

From Laggard to World Class Reforming Math and Science Eduction in South Africa

"This study is aimed at proposing changes in national education policy as well as practical interventions that will improve the performance of the maths and physical science education system - specifically, to double the pass rate in HG SC maths and…

Vocational Education in South Africa Strategies for Improvement

"This paper is based on research for CDE on the international experience of vocationally-oriented education relevant to South Africa. It summarises what needs to be done to strengthen vocationally-oriented education in South Africa, where school lea…

Mkukuta Cluster II: Improvement of Quality of Life and Social Well Being

"The two broad outcomes for the second cluster of MKUKUTA are: Improved quality of life and social well being, with particular focus on the poorest and most vulnerable groups. Reduced inequalities (e.g.education, survival, health) across geographic,…

Economic Transformation Beyond 2010: Short-term Remedies and Long-term Strategies

"In the wake of the 2009 general elections, and in the midst of a global recession, a new political guard, representing the post-Polokwane power shift within the African National Congress, took the reins of government. The composition of the new Zum…

Restructuring higher education: For what? And how will we measure success?

Several speakers attended this debate at the CDE. Some of the opinions voiced were: Mrs Bradley emphasised the point that South Africa was not producing enough high-quality graduates to set the country on a growth path.Professor Mthembu stressed the…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 6 No 1

This paper features 4 articles. The first article attempts to assess the universal theme of 'confession' as it appears in two Anglo-Indian novels, namely A.K. Naryan's The Guide and B.Bhattacharya's He Who Rides a Tiger. In the second article the pa…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 8 No 1

The bulletin discussed several workshops and training sessions hosted by OSSREA. Four feature articles discussed the following: Evaluation of the Impact of Agricultural Recovery Programmes on Communal Farming Productivity in Mudavanhu Ward 12 of Mas…

South Korea's education and skills development: Some lesson for Africa

"This report focuses on the phenomenal educational success of South Korea since the 1960s.The paper is divided into four parts. First, I look at the essential cultural and historical elements and assess the place of education in Korean thought and …

Bringing Together High Level Thinkers and Leaders for Policy Dialogue on South Africa's Future

"The Minister’s presentation was on the new government’s vision and agenda for transforming post-schooling education in South Africa. Minister Nzimande identified a number of key challenges for the education sector in South Africa namely, Building …

Knowledge Empowers Africa: The Benefits of Increased Investment in Education

"While many African countries will not meet the MDG's for education, performance across the continent is mixed. Some have dramatically increased enrolment rates across all levels of education. This policy brief asks the questions 'What if enrolment …

Environmental, Social and Economic Development Issues in Zambia's Third Republic

"This report comprises 9 papers. The first paper by Dr Laurence Mukuka, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the second paper Dr He…

Perspectives on Poverty in Swaziland: Historical and Contemporary Forms. Report of Swaziland National Workshop

"OSSREA and the local organisers chose the theme of poverty for the current workshop because this demonstrated an awareness of serious problems facing, not only Swaziland, but also many countries in the region. The papers presented at the workshop …

The Role of Social Science Research in the Social, Political and Economic Transformation in Kenya Report of Kenya National Workshop

"The first paper by Prof. Khanna of Moi University entitled Scientific and Industrial Research and Development in Kenya contends that scientific and industrial research must progress simultaneously and that industrial research cannot be done without…

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their re…

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