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Governance, Society and Development in Kenya

"The papers published in this volume were selected from the conference whose theme was "Governance, Society and Development in Kenya" . The papers fall under three broad themes namely: Social Policy Frameworks; Education and Research and Gender and…

The Determinants of Child Schooling in Nigeria

"This study is expected to contribute to the scarce literature on who actually is schooled in Nigeria. The results will identify the differentials in the schooling outcomes of rural and urban households, and in gender to provide useful implications…

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the dr…

Policy Implications of the Returns to Education in Zambia

"A new ZIPAR report estimates the private returns to schooling in Zambia. These results have important ramifications for education policy and individuals’ investment decisions. Specifically, they imply that public provision of schooling should be co…

Who are the Middle class in Zambia?

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies towards this group of people, perceived worldwide to be t…

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy…

Gender and Political Representation In Botswana

This policy brief examines the level of participation of women in the electoral process of Botswana. Women are poorly represented in decision making bodies and this has far reaching implications. Equal participation is necessary for social, politica…

Platinum and Passes The Impact of Mining Investments on Education Outcomes in South Africa

"Platinum mining is a major engine of South Africa’s economy, producing exports and generating employment for many South Africans. It is, however, highly dependent on skilled labour, engineers and technicians, who are drawn from the limited pool of…

Estimating Returns to Education in Zambia

"For a long time, Zambia has had no studies estimating returns to education despite this being a critical factor in knowing what is driving the demand to education, particularly different levels of education. This paper has estimated the returns to …

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-gela…

Alternative Dispute Resolution and Peace Studies in Africa: Lessons, Prospects and Challenges

'A report on the proceedings of the Fourth International Africa Peace and Conflict Resolution Conference held in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 25 and 26 July 2014. The 2014 conference was organised under the theme ‘Alternative dispute resolution an…

Quest for Sound Funding Policy Reform in Madagascar's Public Higher Education Sector during the Post-Crisis Years

"Five years after the coup which plunged the country into an unprecedented political and economic crisis, Madagascar is at a watershed in its history with the coming into power of a democratically elected president in February 2014. This is also a t…

Implementation of the Cadetship Scheme Policy for Funding Higher Education in Zimbabwe

"In this new millennium, Zimbabwe has come up with a model of funding higher education that is known as the Cadetship Support Scheme (CSS). This policy brief presents the major findings from the study that was conducted by these authors on the sche…

Linking Universities and Marginalised Communities South African Case Studies of Innovation Focused on Livelihoods in Informal Settings

"The monograph contributes exploratory research on patterns of interaction in South African universities, with a specific focus on networks of academics and marginalised communities centred on innovation to enhance livelihoods. We describe analytic…

Gender Barriers Faced by African Women in Graduate Programmes and Research in the Social Sciences

"This scoping study begins with a brief description of the state of universities in Africa, highlighting some current problems and challenges. Section II undertakes a review of literature about the role and status of female students and faculty memb…

Scoping Study of Capacity Building, Grants, Scholarships, Fellowships and Training

The purpose of this study is to provide an assessment of the current scale of capacity building support for graduate research and training in the social sciences in Africa generally, but particularly in PASGR’s initial six focus countries (Ghana, Ke…

Where to Start? Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Citizen Priorities

"Based on new data gathered in 2014 and 2015 from across 32 African countries, unemployment and health top the list of problems that Africans want their governments to address. For increased government investment in key policy sectors, citizens’ top…

Botswana's Dilemma in Financing Tertiary Education

Botswana like many countries around the world has pinned its hopes on using tertiary education and training as one of the critical vehicles of transforming its economy and society. Accordingly, since independence in 1966, Botswana has invested heav…

Revenue Diversification and Resource Utilisation Options for Ethiopian Universities in the Face of Declining Public Funding

"Public universities in Ethiopia mainly rely on government financing. This dependence on the government means that the funding levels depend on the fluctuations of government resources. Meanwhile, it is untenable to depend on public money to finance…

Funding Higher Education in Ethiopia: Challenges and Prospects

"During the last two decades, there has been a massive expansion of higher education in Ethiopia. This increased the number of universities from two to thirty-one in a period of eleven years (2000–2011), followed by a rapid increase in enrolment, wh…

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