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New tools for reform and stability: Sanctions, conditionalists and conflict resolution

"The book begins with an analysis of the logic of conflict in Africa and then examines current thinking and UN practice on sanctions, the case of Iraq and those of India and Pakistan. The focus then shifts to Southern Africa, where the role of dif...

South Africa and selective economic sanctions a Canadian perspective

This document describes economic measures against South Africa from a Canadian perspective. As a respected Western voice on international issues, Canada has increasingly been approached on the issue of South Africa, and it has a degree of influenc...

The Commonwealth and South Africa: Sanctions & CO Unlimited?

This report describes disagreements among Commonwealth Committee of Foreign Ministers on Southern Africa (CCFMSA) member states concerning the possible tightening of sanctions based on the Hanlon Report, which recommends steps to secure an eventua...

The Impact of Nelson Mandela's Tour of the United States

This brief report contains brief assessments of Nelson Mandela’s American visit by four American analysts. The visit was a resounding success. Mandela had achieved the following: prevented moves to lift sanctions, enhanced the credibility of the A...

The political implications of sanctions: A framework for Analysis

"The issue of sanctions and their political implications is a complex and subjective one. This brief introduction to the debate aims to provide a perspective on an issue of considerable importance to both the corporate sector and to scholars inte...

The Troubled Road to Peace: Reflections on the Complexities of Resolving the Political Impasse in Madagascar

"Madagascar was thrown into political crisis in 2009 by an unconstitutional change in leadership which replaced Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina as head of state. Over the past four years this crisis deteriorated into a firmly-embedded polit...

Zambia - 1968

Zambia had, by committing without reservation to sanctions against Rhodesia, damaged its economy and caused deteriorating relations with Britain. Although the UN recommended severing economic relations with Rhodesia, Zambia continued importing ess...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 2, 1983

This bulletin includes 4 articles and several book reviews. The first article on Angola describes the background factors to the Angolan developments and the conflict in Angola after the end of colonial rule. The next article focuses on the controv...

Three Months of U.D.I

This article looks at Africa's last three months' activities in terms of Unilateral Declarations of Independence (UDI). It also discusses Mr. Wilson's position on his policy towards Rhodesia and then it focuses on sanctions implemented against Rho...

South Africa, Britain and Rhodesia

This article touches on the killing of Dr. Verwoerd and South Africa's foreign policy before and after his death and how his death might influence the South African foreign policy with regard to Namibia, Rhodesia and cooperation in the Southern Af...

Rhodesia - May 1968

The article speaks about how "economic and financial sanctions have failed and that Rhodesia is hacking out its own solution to its constitutional problems." It looks at how "the initial guerrilla attacks have failed and have brought military and ...

SAIIA Newsletter vol. 7, no. 1, 1975

The newsletter starts off with the Director's notes, South Africa's role in Africa and a panel discussion. It then looks at the following articles; Detente and South West Africa, President Kenneth Kaunda's views on Detente, South Africa's approach...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 59 & 60

This record is on South Africa and the United Nations (UN), Zimbabwe, and South Africa - the Negotiation Process. Under South Africa and the UN there are two topics titled 'Policies of Apartheid of the Government of South Africa - Report of the Se...

What Do We Think: A Survey of White Opinion on Foreign Policy Issues No. 3

This article 'is a third in a series of surveys of white South African opinion on foreign policy issues. It examines correlations between opinion on foreign policy issues and on certain contentious domestic political matters. Having compared the r...

Response to International Pressure: Realistic Options for the Future

In this brief report, Dr RW Bethlehem says that it is neither possible to talk about international pressure without dealing with domestic issues, nor possible to talk, in present circumstances, about economics without also getting involved in poli...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 2, 1985

In this issue, the Smuts House Notes follow South Africa’s negotiations as the rapidly deteriorating political and internal security situation has precipitated interest and concern about Pretoria’s domestic policies and South Africa’s place in the...

Engagement in South Africa: International Monetary Fund Involvement 1990-92

“This paper aims to elucidate the goals of the IMF in South Africa and the impact of its engagement in the country. Whilst the main focus of this article is on the Fund, mention will also be made of the activities of the other Bretton Woods instit...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 1, 1981

Smuts House Notes look at the relations between South Africa and Zimbabwe after Mr Mugabe won the elections of 1979. It then covers topics on Europe’s strategic mineral needs, Economic sanctions as an instrument of policy, Black Africa and the Sov...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 3, 1978

In this issue, contents include notes on authors and their articles; German Foreign Policy; Salt II and Western Security; the Communist Powers and Africa; Cuba, Angola and the West; Short Term South African Foreign Policy Alternatives; and Implica...

Britain's Relation with South Africa

"A great deal of the historical studies of the Anglo-South African relationship are based on the premise that Britain won the war in South Africa in 1902 but was impotent in the face of local white assertion. The main aim of this paper would be to...

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