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The Status of Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania

"The core purpose of PHDR 2009 is to review progress towards Tanzania’s development goals as set by the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2005-2010 (MKUKUTA). This brief, the first of a series of five briefs on the report, presen…

Structural Adjustment in Africa

"Structural adjustment of the economies of tropical African countries was triggered by debt crisis in the early 1980s.Governments had borrowed heavily abroad, and had followed expansionary fiscal policies, on the strength of easy credit terms and f…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 59 & 60

This record is on South Africa and the United Nations (UN), Zimbabwe, and South Africa - the Negotiation Process. Under South Africa and the UN there are two topics titled 'Policies of Apartheid of the Government of South Africa - Report of the Secr…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 35

This edition of Southern Africa Record has extract from discussions concerning Mozambique and South Africa as well as the Accord of Nkomati. It includes statements and letters with regard to the relations between Lesotho and South Africa and letter…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 54

This edition has an extract from an interview with Chester Crocker reviewing the United States/Africa Policy. It addresses the statement from South Africa on relations with Mozambique and includes two items on Mrs Margaret Thatcher from the United K…

The Way Forward: Short and Long Term Policy Responses to Uganda's Current Economic Crisis

"This brief argues that, contrary to the mixed response of the government policy apparatus, given the current state of affairs,it is not only tenable but necessary for the government to develop a coherent set of short and long term policy interventi…

AIAE Activity Report 2010

"The year marked the climax of the second cycle of the Institute’s flagship – the business environment research, dissemination and policy dialogue programme (otherwise called the BECANS) as evidenced by the launching of the research publications on …

Trends in Public Administration Expenditure in Uganda: The Cost of the Executive and its Implications on Poverty Eradication and Governance

"This study provides detailed analysis of the factors that account for the unprecedented expansion of the executive bureaucracy in Uganda. It is this expanded political bureaucracy that partly accounts for the groincreae in public administration ex…

Second Best? Trends and Linkages in the Informal Economy in South Africa

"The idea of a ‘second economy’ has become a feature of recent government economic policy. In this paper we focus on one important element of the second economy – the informal economy. We analyse the nature of the informal economy in South Africa, …

The Economic Diplomacy of Kenya's Regional Interests

"Increasing attractiveness of East Africa as a ‘frontier market’ has put Kenya in the spotlight as a gateway to the region. The country identifies six sectors and is currently implementing flagship projects to enhance its prospects. Existing researc…

Elections and the Management of Diversity in Botswana

"Good governance has come to be the prerequisite for foreign direct investment in developing countries. While the definition of good governance remains disputed, its fundamental elements are generally agreed. These include: free, fair and transpare…

Banking on Africa: Chinese Financial Institutions and Africa

The Chinese drive into the resource sector in Africa has already received much attention in the media and, increasingly, in scholarly literature. What has not been well understood is the role of Chinese financial institutions in support of the count…

Digging Deep for Profits and Development? Reflections on Enhancing the Governance of Africa’s Mining Sector

"Africa’s wealth in mineral resources has seldom been used to the benefit of the inhabitants of the countries concerned. More often it has provided an area of contestation between governments, multinational mining companies, local communities and ar…

Africa's Challenges in International Trade and Regional Integration: What Role for Europe?

"The challenges that Africa faces in trade and regional integration are legion, and well documented. In this brief we attempt to summarise them against the backdrop of Africa’s broad development priorities. We then explore the ‘demand’ and ‘supply’ …

SACU - One Hundred Not Out: What future for the Customs Union?

This paper is based on research conducted recently in South Africa (SA), Namibia, Angola and Botswana. Policy and decision makers were asked to complete a questionnaire about the future of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Although the resp…

Towards a New 'Washington Consensus'? South Africa, The G20 Leaders' Summit and the Financial Crisis

To the apparent surprise of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors meeting in Washington during the annual October gathering in 2008, George Bush, outgoing President of the United States of America (US), proposed that a formal summit of G2…

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understanding…

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing to…

Whither the Multilateral Trading System? Implications for (South) Africa

"So far the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has acted as a constraint on the worst protectionist pressures building in the global trading system following the 2008–10 global financial crisis, which is a testament to the system’s constraining power. …

Banking in Nigeria and Chinese Economic Diplomacy in Africa

"While Sino–Nigerian relations have grown significantly since the 1970s, several aspects of the relationship have been controversial and difficult. However, the special attraction the two countries hold for each other has made the relationship persi…

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