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Fiscal Decentralization : Experiences of Selected Countries

"The objective of this paper is therefore to investigate the experiences of three selected countries - the United States of America, Brazil and Russia - and draw appropriate lessons for Ethiopia. The rationale for selecting these countries is strai…

Perspectives on Trade, Investment and Competition Policy in South Africa

"In a liberalised trade and investment environment, trade, investment and competition policies together form a specific nexus. South Africa needs foreign direct investment to help address its need for employment creation, growth and development. Tra…

2014/15 Botswana Government Budget: Briefing Note

"The budget briefing note provides an assessment of the 2014/15 national (Botswana) budget allocations presented to the Parliament. The main features are discussed with emphasis on the implications for the fiscal and growth strategy given the develo…

Comparison of Welfare Status of Districts in Zambia

"In this paper we make welfare comparisons among districts of Zambia using multidimensional wellbeing indicators observed at the household level. The comparisons are conducted using a first order dominance approach developed by Arndt et al. It is as…

The Birth, Death and Survival of Exports in Zambia 1999 - 2011

"This paper deals with the dynamics of Zambia’s export performance, analyzing the birth, death and persistence of exporting in various products and destinations. We use a framework that has recently proliferated in international trade to decompose t…

Creating and Wasting Fiscal Space: Zambian Fiscal Performance 2002–2011

"Following three decades of economic mismanagement and decline, Zambia has experienced sustained economic growth since the turn of the century. The combination of rapid growth, reduced public expenditure, increased mining taxation and debt relief he…

Public Private Partnerships (PPP) Practice and Regulatory Policy in Kenya

PPPs may be defined as “institutional relationships between the state and the private for-profit and/or the private not for-profit sector, where the different public and private actors jointly participate in defining the objectives, the methods and …

Zambia's Economic Performance: A More Positive Verdict from Zambians

Zambia has been reclassified as a middle income country. This exited the ruling party but how does this compare with Zambian's perceptions of economic performance? This paper therefore looks at the citizens' perceptions of the country's economic per…

Economic Policy in South Africa, Past Present and Future

With the end of Apartheid in 1994 a new beginning was promised for South Africa. Herewith included was political freedom and inclusive development for all South Africans. This overview focusses on the economic record and the economic prospects of p…

The Costs and Pricing of Tourism in Zambia: The Case of Livingstone

"Tourism is potentially one of Zambia’s best prospects for economic diversification and growth. The tourism sector has the potential to play an increasingly important role in stimulating economic growth by contributing to job creation, foreign excha…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portray…

Evaluation des Politiques et Institutions du Pays Une analyse Dynamique de 2011 à 2013 / Country Policy and Institutions Assessment (CPIA) 2011 to 2013

The fulfillment of the evaluation exercise of the policies and institutions of the country, more known under the English acronym “Country Policy and Institutions Assessment (CIAP)” fit more in practice as a highlight in the management process of the…

Namibians See Increased Corruption; Business Executives Now Top List of 'Most Corrupt'

"Corruption has yet to gain prominence as a public policy issue in Namibia. Most respondents to the 2014 Afrobarometer survey in Namibia do not rank corruption among the top priorities that the government needs to address. Other surveys rank Namibia…

Economic Transformation in Tanzania: Vicious or Virtuous Circle?

This paper evaluates the concept of economic transformation and further investigates its relevance in the present day policy debates in Tanzania. The paper starts by taking a critical look at a homemade definition of economic transformation. A brie…

Inflation Dynamics and Agricultural Supply Shocks in Uganda

Studies on inflation earlier in Uganda did not fully account for the potential role of supply side constraints in agriculture. This paper's purpose, therefore, is to estimate the determinants of inflation in Uganda. It highlights the possible feed…

A Cautionary Tale of Zambia’s International Sovereign Bond Issuances

"In recent years, Zambia has been faced with the increased need to plug huge infrastructural gaps. However, the slowing down of bilateral and multilateral financing due to austerity measures in developed economies has made the country diversify it…

Progressivity or Regressivity in Uganda's Tax System: Implications for the Fy2014/15 Tax Proposals

In this paper, insights were provided on the tax-benefit implications of the FY2014/15 tax proposals as well as the 2012/13 income tax reform. While the income tax reform enhanced the progressivity of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE), it resulted in significa…

Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out throu…

Capital Flight, Safe Havens and Secrecy Jurisdictions

"The terms “safe haven” and “secrecy jurisdiction” are arguably more appropriate than “tax haven” or even “offshore financial center” in discussing capital flight. Florida, for example, is thought to be the main destination for capital flight from …

Inflation Dynamics in Botswana and Bank of Botswana's Medium-Term Objective Range

"This study is motivated by the high and unpredictable episodes of inflation in Botswana over the last 20 years. This is despite the Bank of Botswana's concerted effort to keep inflation at its minimum and stable over time. More specifically, the Ba…

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