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South Africa's Emerging Black Middle Class: A Harbinger of Political Change?

"South Africa has seen a significant increase in the size of its black middle class in the post-apartheid period, but the attitudinal consequences of indicators of the middle class, as of 2011, are inconsistent and modest in size. While members of...

Zimbabwe and South Africa: Security Takes Precedence Over Economy

"South Africa and its partners in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) removed Zimbabwe from its agenda following the July 2013 elections in Zimbabwe, which saw Zanu-PF return to power. The decision by SADC to end regional monitoring ...

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land te...

Spot the Difference: A Comparison of Presidents and Governments' Performance since 1999 in Malawi

"The performance of all governments is constantly being reviewed, reported on and rated by a variety of experts. If one picks up an annual economic and social report on Malawi, it will indicate how the government has performed on various fronts, i...

Ill-health and Labour Market Outcomes in Uganda

"The role health plays in reducing poverty and economic development particularly in developing countries is undisputable in the economic literature. Health of the population is a key factor for labor productivity, poverty reduction and overall eco...

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax e...

Deepening Integration in Botswana - a Benchmark for the Region

"The basic objective of the study, is to provide a broad stock-taking of the status of the policy frameworks of Botswana, especially with respect to the targets set out in the Memorandum of Understanding on Macroeconomic Stability and Convergence,...

External Aid Inflows and the Real Exchange Rate in Ghana

"This paper develops an empirical model for Ghana’s real exchange rate with special focus on foreign aid. The novelty of this study is the interfacing of exports with a policy environment, using aid as proxy, to see how it affects export performa...

Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for c...

Agriculture as an Engine of Growth and Poverty Reduction: What We Know and What We Need to Know

"One view, is that the agricultural sector is simply a reservoir of unemployed or underemployed labor, with low incomes and living standards, from which people must eventually be moved by economic growth in the non-agricultural economy. The alt...

Demography, Growth, Income Distribution and Poverty: A Survey of Interrelationships

"In this paper we reviewed the evidence on the interrelationship between demography, growth, income distribution and poverty. We suggested that at the macro level such interrelationships could be explored in the context of the standard money met...

Multidimensional Spatial Poverty Comparisons in Cameroon

"This study finds its interest and credit in conceiving poverty from a multidimensional perspective. The purpose of the study is twofold: to address the issue of assigning arbitrary weights to poverty variables in the measurement of multidimensio...

Women Employees in the Informal Sector Kampala, Uganda

"The general purpose of the study is to assess the working conditions of the women employees in the informal sector. Specific: 1. To explore the nature of the employee-employer relationship and identify factors responsible for the various relati...

A Macroeconomic Demographic Model for Ethiopia: Specification, Estimation and Simulation

"The preceding simulation and estimation process showed that one can get some insight into economic demographic interactions, and that the use of demographic variables as policy instruments could yield a higher per capita income in general and per...

Foreign power and Africa: Socio-economic dimensions

The first part of the conference paper discusses the need of Africa with regard to technology, science and manpower but not only that it goes further to include education and the fulfillment of basic needs. The second part explains the role of fo...

The Impact of Democracy in Zimbabwe: Assessing Political, Social and Economic Developments since the dawn of Democracy

"This paper briefly outlines some of the perceptions of Zimbabweans regarding the various changes that have occurred in the country in the past 10–15 years,particularly where the democratisation process is concerned. The paper seeks to ascertain ...

The Impact of Democracy in Namibia: Assessing Political, Social and Economic Developments since the dawn of Democracy

"This country report presents an overview of Namibia based on the most recent socio-economic data, such as comprehensive expenditure data culled from the 2003/2004 Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey (NHIES), the 2nd Millennium Develo...

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"In order to achieve these objectives, the first step is a report on the current state of land and agrarian reform in the respective countries taking part in the study. In the case of South Africa, as with many of the other countries, the task is ...

RDP RIP? Reflections on economic growth and development policy in South Africa

"In the wake of South Africa's first all-race elections in April 1994, President Nelson Mandela declared that nothing would be allowed to stand in the way of implementation of the ANC's Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP). Initially, t...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Mugabe's Policies and Failures

Exemplifying the negative consequences of a variety of inappropriate fiscal and social policies, Zimbabwe has failed to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state, going from the admiration and envy of its neighbours to near-compl...

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