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Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market

"This factsheet has provided an overview of employment in the wholesale and retail trade industry. Despite being the industry with the most rapid rate of employment contraction between 2008Q1 and 2013Q1 with 331 000 jobs being shed, wholesale and re…

Youth Engagement in Agriculture in Uganda: Challenges and Prospects

"The key conclusions arising out of the study are; the youth withdrawal from agriculture is higher than that of the older cohorts although a significant proportion of the youth still derive their livelihood from agriculture. The shift from agricultu…

The Status of Unemployment Insurance Policies in Africa

"Unemployment can simply be defined as the number of people who are willing but are unable to find employment. Official governmental statistics, however, express unemployment as a percentage of the total available workforce, and this varies greatly…

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenu…

Spot the Difference: A Comparison of Presidents and Governments' Performance since 1999 in Malawi

"The performance of all governments is constantly being reviewed, reported on and rated by a variety of experts. If one picks up an annual economic and social report on Malawi, it will indicate how the government has performed on various fronts, inc…

Islands Drifting Apart? A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Experience of Rodrigues and Mauritius

Mauritius is one of the leading economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Citizens on the main land have benefited from the economic growth of the past years. This however cannot be said from the Island of Rodrigues as their economy is still reliant on agric…

Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda

Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation, like most cities in developing countries, leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in t…

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax eva…

South Africa's Emerging Black Middle Class: A Harbinger of Political Change?

"South Africa has seen a significant increase in the size of its black middle class in the post-apartheid period, but the attitudinal consequences of indicators of the middle class, as of 2011, are inconsistent and modest in size. While members of t…

Zimbabwe and South Africa: Security Takes Precedence Over Economy

"South Africa and its partners in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) removed Zimbabwe from its agenda following the July 2013 elections in Zimbabwe, which saw Zanu-PF return to power. The decision by SADC to end regional monitoring fo…

What Role for Natural Resources in Botswana's Quest for Economic Diversification?

"Botswana is typically perceived as a development anomaly on the continent. With a stable democracy and strong economic growth since 1966, the country’s success is in danger of being taken for granted. Diamond revenues are likely to decline in th…

Policies for Enhanced Livestock Productivity and Wealth Creation in a Changing Climate

Agriculture in Africa is changing rapidly. Agriculture and livestock systems are among the most climate sensitive economic sectors. The sector employs between 70 and 90 per cent of the total labour force in Africa and supplies up to 50 per cent of…

Projected Farm Income Gains in the COMESA/ASARECA Region from Commercialization of BT Maize

"How much income might farmers gain if Bt maize were released for commercial planting in the COMESA/ASARECA region? Bt maize gives farmers a more effective and less costly way to control damage from certain categories of insects, including the stalk…

Rising Middle Classes in India, Brazil and South Africa: What is Happening and What are the Implications

The rise of the middle class in emerging democracies is an important global issue. An expanding and large middle class is vital for inclusion and stability, especially in developing countries with many poor and excluded people. However, comparativ…

Middle Classes of India, Kenya and South Africa

"India, Kenya and South Africa are all grappling with the challenge of generating inclusive growth and radically reducing poverty. India has, over the past decade, perhaps been the most successful, generating an average increase in Gross Domestic Pr…

Study of Sugarcane outgrowing at Kilombero

"The aims of the research were to: (1) find out how Kilombero Sugar Company and the outgrower scheme operate; (2) assess the impact on the local area; and (3) assess how business has been affected by privatisation in 1998 and other factors. We hel…

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Zimbabwe Country Report

Land reform on its own is not a cure for all rural economic development challenges. Land redistribution addresses the problem of land access – a key resource in generating farm-based employment and income – but, in addition, there is the need to cre…

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Malawi Country Report

"This paper set out to examine the nature of the farm and non-farm employment links in rural Malawi by contrasting two farming systems: smallholder and estate sectors. The smallholder sector is dominated by small owner-operated farms using mainly fa…

The Contested Status of 'Communal Land Tenure' in South Africa

"This paper focuses on communal tenure reform developments (or lack thereof), referring to law, policy and practice in rural areas in South Africa. It shows that communal land tenure is not in a healthy state and discusses the following recent laws…

How do Gender Approaches Contribute to Climate Compatible Development? Lessons from Kenya

The information in this brief is based on a research project carried out by Practical Action Consulting with support from the Institute of Development Studies, commissioned by and supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), to…

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