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Integrating Traditional and Modern Conflict Resolution: Experiences from selected cases in Eastern and the Horn of Africa

"Contemporary Africa is faced with the reality of numerous evolving states that have to grapple with the inevitability of conflict. On their own, the fledgling institutions in these states cannot cope with the huge demands unleashed by everyday conf…

Kenya: A Nation Fragmented

"Kenya is effectively partitioned by criminal and ethnic violence, triggered by the December 27th presidential ballot. The unrest threatens Kenya’s cohesion as a nation state, with severe consequences for its landlocked neighbours and the East Afri…

Special Economic Zones: Lessons for South Africa from International Evidence and Local Experience

"Special economic zones are defined as specially-demarcated geographic areas in which some aspect of the business environment, whether the quality of the infrastructure or the regulatory regime, differs from the norms prevailing in the rest of the …

Poverty and Human Development Report 2009

"The Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR) is a key output of the Government of Tanzania’s poverty monitoring system. It provides consolidated analysis of progress towards national development goals as well as discussion on important socio-ec…

The Role of Small Businesses in Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

"The role of small businesses in poverty alleviation, economic growth and job creation has emerged as an important topic not only for policy makers but also for academic research. The importance of small businesses arises in view of the dismal perfo…

Assessing Market Distortions Affecting Poverty Reduction Efforts On Smallholder Tobacco Production in Tanzania

"This study attempts to analyse the efficiency of production, the degree of distortion in the markets and the pattern of incentives for smallholder tobacco growers in Songea,Tanzania. A Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM)of the tobacco production and marke…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Poverty Alleviation in Semi Arid Areas : The Case of Chamazi in Lushoto District, Tanzania

"This study investigates the role of the Chamazi farming system in alleviating poverty in the semi-arid low lands of Lushoto district. It was conducted in seven villages between 6th March and 29th March 2002. The villages, which administratively are…

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricult…

The Role of Tourism in Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"The main objective of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect livelihood impacts from tourism and their implications for poverty alleviation. The sector being the fastest growing sector in Tanzania, the study intended to investigate the …

School Enrolment, Performance and Access to Education in Tanzania

"The link between economic growth and human development has been a subject of rigorous empirical econometric work since the 1970s. Education, which is an important component of human development, has been found to explain varying levels of return an…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represent…

EISA Annual Report 2010

"While there have been advances in the delivery of free, fair and credible elections in many countries on our continent, the challenge to ensure ongoing consistency of the quality of elections in accordance with best electoral practice is ongoing. I…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 7 No 1 Jan-Apr 2011

In this edition, several issues are discussed under the following headlines : Special Brainstorming Session on the 16th Ordinary Session of the AU Summit was designed to generate ideas, advice and assist Nigeria in preapring its position at the AU s…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 2 No 2, Apr - Jun 2006

Several issues are discussed in this edition under the following headings: International Conference on ECOWAS Milestones in Regional Integration. Inter Cultural and Inter Ethnic communication and effective conflict management in the 21st century Nig…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 1 No 5, Jan-Mar 2006

The headings in this issue are as follows: Presidential Retreat for the Armed Forces, Police and other security agencies. Inauguration of the Council of the NIIA. Conference on Federalism and Ethnicity in Africa. NIIA Seminars:Importance of technolo…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 1 No 4, Oct-Dec 2005

"This year’s Founders' Day Lecture entitled “Solid Minerals: As a Strategic Asset for National Development” was delivered by the Honourable Minister of Solid Minerals Development, Dr. (Mrs) Obiageli Ezekwesili. In the well attended lecture, she st…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 1 No 3, Jul-Sept 2005

Several topics are being discussed in this issue. This issue is dedicated to the reforms in the United Nations, the challenges that they face and the reasons given for a permanent seat for Nigeria on the Council. The main headings are as follows: T…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 1 No 2, Apr-Jun 2005

The main heading of this issue: NIIA and Chatham House, Renewed Partnership. The history of the establishment of the NIIA was revisited when a delegation from the Royal Institute of International Affairs came calling from April 11-15, 2005. During …

Enhancing Public Budget Transparency in Botswana

"This policy brief discusses the need to make Botswana’s budget process more transparent. Transparent or open budgets both facilitate and support timely, relevant public access to budget information, enhancing citizen participation in the budgetary …

Factors Affecting Botswana's Competitiveness

"This brief note examines Botswana’s competitive position and implications in light of the rankings Botswana attained from the 2011/12 GCR and earlier years. The analysis provides a comparison of Botswana’s performance and those of other countries o…

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