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Economywide Impact of Avian Flu in Ghana: A Dynamic CGE Model Analysis

"We use a dynamic CGE model to quantitatively assess the economywide impact of HPAI in Ghana. The likely effect of an avian flu outbreak is modeled as demand or supply shocks to the poultry sector. Our analysis shows that, while chicken is a quite...

Global Warming and Health: The Issue of Malaria in Eastern Africa’s Highlands

"Discussion on various aspects of global warming has been intense but disjointed. This paper synthesizes the discussion that deals with the nature of and relationship between global warming and malaria. It draws on empirical materials in the East...

Tackling Antimalarial Drug Resistance in Kenya

"Malaria, a leading cause of death in Kenya, constitutes nearly half of all outpatient hospital visits and kills more children than any other disease in the East African country. Efforts to roll back the impact of malaria are being stymied by a gr...

Tuberculosis and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

"The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa represents a unique policy challenge primarily because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Current TB management needs strengthening to deal with drug-resistant TB while, at the same time, n...

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: Has Global Attention Made a Difference

"Women in developing countries face persistent problems in achieving this type of holistic reproductive health pushing it to become a key focus of many international efforts, most notably in the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)...

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: The 'Double Burden' of Undernutrition and Overnutrition Disease in Ghana

"A change in Ghanaian lifestyles and consumption patterns is contributing to rising levels of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. Ghana now suffers from both undernutrition and overnutrition. Although the government of Ghana has made s...

Congo: Consolidating The Peace

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo were a milestone in the peace process but much remains to be done to consolidate the gains. A return to full-scale war is unlikely but violence in Bas-Congo and Kinshasa in early 2007 with over 400 peo...

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Its Impact in Sub-Saharan Africa and Implications for France's G8 Presidency

"The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and malaria is a public-private partnership established in 2002 to mobilize and disburse resources to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria in mid and low income countries in parts of Africa, the C...

Migration, Sexuality and the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Rural South Africa

"South Africa is experiencing one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world. Among women attending antenatal clinics nation-wide, the prevalence of HIV infection increased from 0.76 per cent in 1990 to 26.5 per cent in 2002. Among the nin...

Millennium Development Goals Progress Report

"The main conclusion is that Rwanda has the policies and programmes in place to achieve poverty reduction and human development but that it will not achieve all the MDG Targets by 2015. Good progress is being made for many, but the accelerated rat...

Against The Odds: Achieving the MDGs in Rwanda

"In the last five years Rwanda has made dramatic development progress. There has been sustained economic growth and the signs of economic transformation noted in 2005 have been confirmed. There has been a continued growth in non-farm employment an...

Perspectives on Primary Health Care in Nigeria: Past, Present and Future

This paper have analyzed the existence of PHCs in the enhancement of health care delivery in Nigeria over the last four decades. The study, specifically examined the evolution and the structure of the Primary Health Care delivery system in Nigeri...

Envisioning a Healthy Future Africa’s Shifting Burden of Disease

The highest prevalence of communicable diseases in the world occurs in Africa. In 2015, more than three times as many people died from AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. More than ten times as many people died from malaria as in the rest of the world co...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversari...

SADC and UNASUR Health Policies

In Southern Africa, social exclusion and inequity remain leading obstacles to inclusive human development. They pose barriers to poverty reduction strategies, and hinder social unity and improved health conditions of populations. Social exclusio...

Improving Immunisation in Urban Slum Areas in Nigeria through Stakeholder Participation: Implication for Research

This policy brief is based on the findings of CPED's on-going implementation research on “Improving immunisation in urban slum areas of Nigeria through stakeholder participation”. The project is one of the small scale implementation research progr...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role i...

The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsize...

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