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Defence Conversion in South Africa: A Faded Ideal?

"Exploring the links and overlaps between programmes focused on defence conversion and other development initiatives in the country may result in a positive contribution to the poverty alleviation in South Africa. This paper examines defence conve…

MONUC and the Challenges of Peace Implementation in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Pretoria 17 - 19 September 2003: A participants perspective

"In brief, the progress made so far within the transition process and the renewed determination shown by international actors give grounds for cautious optimism.However, building peace in the DRC will entail facing two major challenges: a)starting …

Update on the Status of Army Integration in the DRC

"This situation report reaffirms the centrality of the military(and the Congolese security sector in general) in sustaining peace in the DRC - in particular, its increasing relevance in the run-up to national elections in 2006. Beginning with a brie…

Summary Overview of Security Sector Reform Processes in the DRC

"The challenges and delays facing security sector reform in the DRC, in particular the formation of a unified Congolese national army and the necessary disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) processes for the different armed groups, ar…

Future Scenarios for the Democratic Republic of Congo

"This situation report will look at the current situation, and at factors that could destabilise the transition and progress towards elections. It will also examine several short-to-medium-term scenarios for the remainder of the transition.To be a…

Burundi Update: A New Hat for AMIB?

"This situation report gives an update of the military and political situation in Burundi, providing some comments on the possibility of a UN peacekeeping mission taking over AMIB. The security situation in Burundi has improved considerably since N…

Burundi: The African Union’s First Mission

"Ten days before the power handover in the Burundian transitional government, mortar fire became even heavier on the outskirts of the capital, Bujumbura.It is against this background that the African Union (AU) has decided to deploy troops to Burund…

Penetrating Power Small Arms in Post Conflict Sierra Leone and Liberia

"This monograph looks at the factors behind the demand for weapons in Sierra Leone and Liberia, focusing on the buyer side of the market to determine whether proliferation can be stemmed, or at least slowed down, through more creative measures. Inc…

Identifying Lessons from DDR Experiences in Africa

"This report attempts to provide an accurate reflection of the discussion during the workshop of the need for DDR and the effective coordination of DDR efforts with other strategies aimed at assisting war-affected countries in their process of natio…

A Step Towards Peace Disarmament in Africa

"This monograph sets out to evaluate the evolution of disarmament during peacekeeping operations and look at how these programmes have become an integral component of peace support operations in Africa. Two recent efforts at disarmament in Africa ar…

Weapons in Mozambique

"This monograph tries to provide an overview of the several approaches to disarmament in Mozambique and analyse the different steps required for the implementation of the SADC Protocol—where there is complementarity, where there is duplication of e…

Sustaining the Peace in Angola. An overview of current demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration

"This monograph will therefore identify and explain the various programmes that guide or affect the current DD&R process, as a basis for future research, monitoring and evaluation. The first section gives an idea of the overall context within which …

Sierra Leone Building the Road to Recovery

"The aim of this publication is to provide an update of the remarkable progress that has been made by the peace process since the national elections of May 2002. Specific emphasis will be placed on the practical aspects of what happens with a peac…

Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: UNAMSIL Hits the Home Straight

"This monograph provides a brief overview of the inconclusive interventions in the Sierra Leone conflict, up to and including the initial phase of UNAMSIL deployment. It reports in more detail on the subsequent advances made in the peace process, wi…

Expert Meeting on the Future of DDR Programming in Africa:Links with SSR and Peacebuilding

"This meeting was significant in that it was able to bring together a diverse number of key stakeholders for an intense two-day dialogue on DDR and SSR in Africa. The meeting was attended by 45 representatives from the national DDR commissions of …

Expert Meeting on the Future of DDR Programming in Africa [Second part]

"The present DDR programme aims to address a minimum of 300 000 ex-combatants through a security and development plan. Mohammed noted that DDR cannot be discussed in isolation; it has to be linked to the political programmes and to the social and …

Towards Ottawa : A Total Ban Treaty on Anti-Personnel Landmines

"It is the purpose of this paper to look briefly at the general forums that are available for discussion of the landmine issue and to describe one of these mechanisms for action in some detail: the Ottawa Process and all the meetings leading from Ot…

The UN 'Month of Africa' A Push for Actual Peace Efforts or a Fig Leaf on the DRC?

"The ‘Month of Africa’ in the Security Council has had tremendous impact on the world’s consciousness - and conscience. More than that, I believe it has served as a genuine catalyst to explore possible solutions to some of the major problems that th…

Policy Brief : Corruption and State Instability in West Africa

"The policy brief discusses how corruption contributes to political instability in West Africa and calls for the institution of appropriate sub-regional anti-corruption framework to deal with it. It argues that as long as the problem of corruption …

Intelligence in African Peace Operations: Addressing the Deficit

"The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence ne…

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