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Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Sierra-Leone

"Sierra Leone like Uganda, Rwanda and Mozambique offers an interesting case study on post-war reconstruction and capacity building in Africa. This small West African country became embroiled in a violent armed conflict in March 1991 when a small gro…

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). This …

Stakeholders' Dialogue on Government Approaches to Managing Defecting Violent Extremists

This policy brief outlines contributions from stakeholders and demonstrates how dialogue can help foster community understanding of government intervention on reintegration, foster citizenship ownership of government programmes and its many soluti…

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers and…

Oil, Resource Conflicts and the Post Conflict Transition in the Niger Delta Region: Beyond the Amnesty

This study commenced with an introduction and conceptual and theoretical clarifications of central concepts and issues particularly those of demilitarization, disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation, reinsertion, reintegration and resettle…

Exclusion and the Challenges of Peace Building in the Niger Delta : An Assessment of the Amnesty Programme

Increasingly recognized by the international community, peace-building is a necessary response to conflict situations, which seeks to prevent violent conflict or a relapse into conflict in states in transition and to build a viable and enduring basi…

The Amnesty for Peace in the Niger Delta: Political Settlement, Transitional Justice and Peace Building

With a population of about 40 million people, the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, comprises of several minority ethnic groups and is Nigeria's oil and gas belt, and host to the nation’s crude oil and gas reserves and exploitation infrastructure. This…

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On 24 November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) came into effect. It aimed to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control R…

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 3 Issue 1

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African States. The first quarter of 2011 has shown significant progress with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The globa…

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 2 Issue 5

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African states. This year has been particularly significant with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The Treaty of Pelindaba…

African Perspectives on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction

"On 28 April 2004, the United Nations’ Security Council adopted Resolution 1540 at its 4956th meeting. It was the first formal decision by the Security Council, affirming that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well a…

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how just…

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector t…

The Negotiation of Security Issues in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"This report focuses on how the Comprehensive Peace Agreement which ended the second Sudanese civil war in January 2005, deals with issues of guns and violence. It outlines how the parties' lack of trust led to a deliberate avoidance of commitments …

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign in …

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an a…

Assessing Security Sector Reform and its Impact on the Kivu Provinces

"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the para…

Peace in the Kivu’s? An Analysis of the Nairobi and Goma Agreements

"This Situation Report analyses the 9 November 2007 Nairobi agreement,in relationship to the 30 July 2002 Pretoria agreement. It looks at the actions that have been taken since 30 July 2002 to address the DDRRR of the ex-FAR/Interahamwe/FDLR combata…

Africa’s Development and the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Update 3

"This update to ‘Africa’s Policy Imperatives’ Issue 1, 2 and 3 published in May 2009, June 2010 and November 2010 respectively,provides a brief overview of international and African efforts to strengthen disarmament and non-proliferation through a n…

Preparing for 2010

"This Guide provides a broad overview of the NPT and the past and present review cycles. It aims to assist African States to fully participate in the debates both during, and in the period leading up to, the 2010 NPT Review Conference and to thereby…

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