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Disarmament in the Congo: Investing in Conflict Prevention

There are many challenges facing the Lusaka cease-fire signatories and the wider international community in implementing the Congolese peace agreement, but perhaps none so complex as the effort to disarm the non-Congolese armed groups destabilisi...

From Kabila to Kabila: Prospects for Peace in the Congo

Joseph Kabila, son of the late Laurent Désiré Kabila, speaks a far more peaceful language than that of his bellicose father. But he will not be able to deliver peace alone, and there are already signs that the many parties to the war in the Democr...

Disarmament in the Congo: Jump- Starting DDRRR to Prevent Further War

The Democratic Republic of Congo remains a failed state, occupied by six foreign armies, tormented by militias and unable to meet the most basic needs of its people. The war, which began in August 1998, has not yet ended. The cease fire agreement ...

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed facti...

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involv...

Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR

Excerpt: "The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed ...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

"In 2009 alone, more than 2,500 people were killed and 350,000 displaced due to fighting in Southern Sudan, a toll higher than the much more publicized conflict in Darfur. The second edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan ou...

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Sierra-Leone

"Sierra Leone like Uganda, Rwanda and Mozambique offers an interesting case study on post-war reconstruction and capacity building in Africa. This small West African country became embroiled in a violent armed conflict in March 1991 when a small g...

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). Thi...

Stakeholders' Dialogue on Government Approaches to Managing Defecting Violent Extremists

This policy brief outlines contributions from stakeholders and demonstrates how dialogue can help foster community understanding of government intervention on reintegration, foster citizenship ownership of government programmes and its many solu...

Planning for Peace Lessons from Mozambique’s Peacebuilding Process

Within more than two decades since Mozambique’s civil war ended and its first multiparty elections were held, the country still faces persistent social, political, economical and developmental challenges. What have been some of the main drivers a...

Oil, Resource Conflicts and the Post Conflict Transition in the Niger Delta Region: Beyond the Amnesty

This study commenced with an introduction and conceptual and theoretical clarifications of central concepts and issues particularly those of demilitarization, disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation, reinsertion, reintegration and resett...

Exclusion and the Challenges of Peace Building in the Niger Delta : An Assessment of the Amnesty Programme

Increasingly recognized by the international community, peace-building is a necessary response to conflict situations, which seeks to prevent violent conflict or a relapse into conflict in states in transition and to build a viable and enduring ba...

The Amnesty for Peace in the Niger Delta: Political Settlement, Transitional Justice and Peace Building

With a population of about 40 million people, the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, comprises of several minority ethnic groups and is Nigeria's oil and gas belt, and host to the nation’s crude oil and gas reserves and exploitation infrastructure. Th...

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation Relevance to African states

On 24 November 2002, the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) came into effect. It aimed to strengthen efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide, thereby supplementing the Missile Technology Control...

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 3 Issue 1

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African States. The first quarter of 2011 has shown significant progress with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The glo...

Arms Control Africa Newsletter Vol 2 Issue 5

"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African states. This year has been particularly significant with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The Treaty of Pelinda...

Angola: Can Humpty Dumpty be put back together again?

"The ongoing war has exacted a terrible toll on Angola and its people. Potentially one of Africa's richest countries, with diverse natural resources and agro-ecological zones suited to the growing of a wide range of food and cash crops, it has bee...

Is Arms Control Still On The Agenda?

“After the flurry of arms control successes of 1995 and 1996, disarmament has not yet been at the forefront of international attention in 1997. In fact, aside from the dramatic push for a ban on landmines, arms control and disarmament have scarcel...

African Perspectives on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction

"On 28 April 2004, the United Nations’ Security Council adopted Resolution 1540 at its 4956th meeting. It was the first formal decision by the Security Council, affirming that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well...

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