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Disarmament in the Congo: Jump- Starting DDRRR to Prevent Further War

The Democratic Republic of Congo remains a failed state, occupied by six foreign armies, tormented by militias and unable to meet the most basic needs of its people. The war, which began in August 1998, has not yet ended. The cease fire agreement si…

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed faction…

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involved…

Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR

Excerpt: "The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed an…

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

"In 2009 alone, more than 2,500 people were killed and 350,000 displaced due to fighting in Southern Sudan, a toll higher than the much more publicized conflict in Darfur. The second edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan outl…

Sudan People’s Liberation Army Disarmament in Jonglei and its Implications

"This study is by no means comprehensive. It gives primary attention to what is generally acknowledged to be a violent and coercive disarmament campaign of the Lou Nuer of Jonglei State. The study will include some analysis drawn from investigatio…

Simpler, Better, Faster Review of the 2005 Firearms Amnesty

"This paper reviews the process of the 2005 firearms amnesty with particular focus on station level; assesses the meaning and impact of the amnesty, examining the factors for success; and offers suggestions for consideration for future amnesties. Co…

Swords into Ploughshares Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration in Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa

"Defence integration in the Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been fraught with so many problems. This paper explores the processes in the peace agreement and transitional arrangements from 2003 and 2005. It seeks to put into perspective the challenge…

Armed Conflict and Disarmament Selected Central African Case Studies

"This monograph considers the nature and extent of armed conflict, the misuse and proliferation of small arms, as well as disarmament processes (or the lack thereof) in three Central African states: the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Ce…

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and interna…

The Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process in the Democratic Republic of Congo. A Neverending Story!

"The completion of the DDR process and the start of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) are crucial for the successful post-conflict reconstruction process in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The situation report will focus on the current security sit…

The Impact of Slow Military Reform on the Transition Process in the DRC

"This situation report addresses a number of serious problems that will impact on the military integration process. These activities will be discussed against the background of the upcoming election and the threat to the transitional process. The cu…

A Technical Analysis of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration a Case Study from Burundi

"The Monograph explains in detail the process of DDR followed by AMIB and ONUB. The authors discuss in detail the efforts by the AMIB mission to start the DDR process and the problems of dealing with more than one ceasefire agreement, as well as …

Post-war Defence Integration in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"This paper explores the defence integration process as designed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)’s peace agreement and transitional arrangements from 2003 to 2005. Various efforts undertaken by the transitional government, MONUC and o…

Disarmament and Reconciliation Rwanda’s Concerns

"The main aim of this paper is to try and bring to the fore the complexities behind the conflict in Rwanda with a focus on the need to link disarmament to the entire post-conflict confidence building and reconciliation process now underway. The pape…

Disarmament and the Transition in Burundi: How Soon?

"This paper assesses the situation in Burundi with the focus on disarmament initiatives in the period to the end of 2004. In order to elucidate the complexities involved in the disarmament process, which mirror those of the entire peace process, …

Liberia at a Crossroads: A Preliminary Look at the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Protection of Civilians

"This paper is a preliminary attempt to look at the role of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) in the protection of civilians. In this vein, the paper will briefly explore the political and diplomatic developments leading to the deploym…

Implementing the Southern Africa Firearms Protocol Identifying Challenges and Priorities

"This paper briefly describes the historical development of the SADC Protocol as a regional instrument to increase control over the proliferation of small arms in Southern Africa. It places the Protocol within the context of other international and…

Liberating Liberia Charles Taylor and the Rebels Who Unseated Him

"August 2003 was a dramatic month for Liberia. Rebels held Monrovia under siege, West African peacekeepers moved in, President Charles Taylor stepped down and the United States made its first peacekeeping foray into Africa in a decade. For Liberia, …

A 90-day Plan to Bring Peace to the DRC? An Analysis of the Pretoria Agreement of 30 July 2002

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief background to the Pretoria agreement, and an early overview and analysis of the implications of the MoU,from the perspective of: South Africa’s role as peacemaker in the DRC; support to the military aspe…

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