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Angola: Can Humpty Dumpty be put back together again?

"The ongoing war has exacted a terrible toll on Angola and its people. Potentially one of Africa's richest countries, with diverse natural resources and agro-ecological zones suited to the growing of a wide range of food and cash crops, it has been …

Is Arms Control Still On The Agenda?

“After the flurry of arms control successes of 1995 and 1996, disarmament has not yet been at the forefront of international attention in 1997. In fact, aside from the dramatic push for a ban on landmines, arms control and disarmament have scarcely …

Disarmament in the Congo: Investing in Conflict Prevention

There are many challenges facing the Lusaka cease-fire signatories and the wider international community in implementing the Congolese peace agreement, but perhaps none so complex as the effort to disarm the non-Congolese armed groups destabilising…

From Kabila to Kabila: Prospects for Peace in the Congo

Joseph Kabila, son of the late Laurent Désiré Kabila, speaks a far more peaceful language than that of his bellicose father. But he will not be able to deliver peace alone, and there are already signs that the many parties to the war in the Democrat…

Disarmament in the Congo: Jump- Starting DDRRR to Prevent Further War

The Democratic Republic of Congo remains a failed state, occupied by six foreign armies, tormented by militias and unable to meet the most basic needs of its people. The war, which began in August 1998, has not yet ended. The cease fire agreement si…

Rebuilding Liberia: Prospects and Perils

Liberia is a collapsed state that has become in effect a UN protectorate. Whether its political and economic reconstruction can begin depends on how quickly security spreads throughout the country. Squabbles over jobs by leaders of the armed faction…

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involved…

Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR

Excerpt: "The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed an…

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

"In 2009 alone, more than 2,500 people were killed and 350,000 displaced due to fighting in Southern Sudan, a toll higher than the much more publicized conflict in Darfur. The second edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan outl…

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign in …

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an a…

Assessing Security Sector Reform and its Impact on the Kivu Provinces

"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the para…

Peace in the Kivu’s? An Analysis of the Nairobi and Goma Agreements

"This Situation Report analyses the 9 November 2007 Nairobi agreement,in relationship to the 30 July 2002 Pretoria agreement. It looks at the actions that have been taken since 30 July 2002 to address the DDRRR of the ex-FAR/Interahamwe/FDLR combata…

Africa’s Development and the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Update 3

"This update to ‘Africa’s Policy Imperatives’ Issue 1, 2 and 3 published in May 2009, June 2010 and November 2010 respectively,provides a brief overview of international and African efforts to strengthen disarmament and non-proliferation through a n…

Preparing for 2010

"This Guide provides a broad overview of the NPT and the past and present review cycles. It aims to assist African States to fully participate in the debates both during, and in the period leading up to, the 2010 NPT Review Conference and to thereby…

Sudan People’s Liberation Army Disarmament in Jonglei and its Implications

"This study is by no means comprehensive. It gives primary attention to what is generally acknowledged to be a violent and coercive disarmament campaign of the Lou Nuer of Jonglei State. The study will include some analysis drawn from investigatio…

Simpler, Better, Faster Review of the 2005 Firearms Amnesty

"This paper reviews the process of the 2005 firearms amnesty with particular focus on station level; assesses the meaning and impact of the amnesty, examining the factors for success; and offers suggestions for consideration for future amnesties. Co…

Swords into Ploughshares Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration in Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa

"Defence integration in the Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been fraught with so many problems. This paper explores the processes in the peace agreement and transitional arrangements from 2003 and 2005. It seeks to put into perspective the challenge…

Armed Conflict and Disarmament Selected Central African Case Studies

"This monograph considers the nature and extent of armed conflict, the misuse and proliferation of small arms, as well as disarmament processes (or the lack thereof) in three Central African states: the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Ce…

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and interna…

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