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Political Economy of Regionalisation in Central Africa

"This monograph argues that until there is a positive alignment between political security and human security, the region will continue to face a human security crisis. In attempting to explain the absence of deep integration, the monograph borrow...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 1, 1992

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles and a conference review: Graham Evans’ article concerns Operation Desert Storm, the just war tradition and the new world order. It overviews the events and controversies of the Persian...

Madagascar: Anatomy of a Recurrent Crisis

"This paper examines three key issues: firstly, it seeks to answer the question as to why there was an unconstitutional change of government in Madagascar. This is in view of the debate around the appropriate qualification of the way in which Ra...

The future of South West Africa/Namibia a symposium

This paper contains the texts of the four brief introductory statements at a Symposium on “The Future of South West Africa/Namibia”, held at Jan Smuts House in Johannesburg on 25 July 1977. These statements cover the current negotiations in the co...

Western Sahara: Understanding the Roots of the Conflict and Suggesting a Way Out

"This Situation Report is based on the proceedings of a roundtable seminar. Written papers were submitted which was based on the verbal interventions, organised around three main themes. The contributions were published without any changes. There ...

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to pr...

The African Military in the 21st Century Sixth Tswalu Dialogue

"The 2007 Dialogue focused on the likely roles, shape and structure of the African military of the twentyfirst century. There are a number of reasons why this topic is important. First, security and stability is an essential prerequisite to develo...

Egypt’s Evolving Role in Africa: A Sub-Saharan Perspective; A presentation at the Institute of Diplomatic Studies, Cairo

"Talking about the role of a country in a specific region means, to a large extent, talking about its foreign policy vis-à-vis that region. One could therefore write the title of this presentation as “Egypt’s foreign policy towards Africa” or “Egy...

Understanding Terrorism in Africa: Building Bridges and Overcoming the Gaps

"The sub-theme of the seminar, ‘building bridges and overcoming gaps in the understanding of terrorism in Africa’, was one of the recommendations reached at the first seminar held in Benoni, South Africa, in November 2006. It posits that, in ord...

Complex Emergencies: Security Challenges in the 21st Century – Implications for UN, and International Peace Operations - Abstract

"The 2007 annual SANWC Seminar on peace support operations contributed to improving the knowledge of the Learners on the JSCSP course about global and regional peacekeeping issues, trends, challenges, by providing them with insights into complex m...

Regional Workshop on Promoting SSR in the Horn of Africa

"This paper presented the findings of a survey of security system reform (SSR) in African countries. The survey suggests that changing political, economic and security circumstances have obliged virtually all African governments to consider some ...

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and spe...

Beyond ‘Shadow-Boxing’ and ‘Lip Service’ The Enforcement of Arms Embargoes in Africa

"If an Arms Trade Treaty is to be successful, it is important to have a more informed understanding of the strengths and limitations of arms embargoes. This paper, employing a comparative case study approach, therefore seeks to analyse the monitor...

Eastern Sudan: Challenges Facing the Implementation of the Peace Agreement in Gedaref State

"This paper looks at some of the challenges facing the East Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) concluded in Eritrea in October 2006;between the government of Sudan and the Eastern Front (EF). The agreement brought to an end ten years of hostilities in e...

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the regi...

Lesotho's troubled road

This brief reports describes the reasons and consequences of the coup d’etat in Lesotho on 20 January this year. The government of Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan and his ruling party faced two interrelated problems before the coup: waning domestic...

Why AFRICOM? An American Perspective

"The purpose of AFRICOM is to encourage and support African leadership, not discourage and suppress it. U.S. security is enhanced by African nations being able to address and resolve emerging security issues in their countries, regions and across ...

Learning to Use Force on the Hoof in Peacekeeping: Reflections on the Experience of MONUC's Eastern Division

"The aim of this paper is to focus on the role of UN peacekeepers in robust Chapter VII operations; the appropriate level of military response; challenges commanders face in the field; and the need to improve their performance. The change from tra...

Darfur and the Battle for Khartoum

"This paper, by contrast seeks to locate the debate about peace in Darfur within the context of the battle for power in Khartoum. It is argued that the Darfurian insurgency represents a challenge to the hegemony of Khartoum because of its intimate...

South African diplomats abroad

This document describes the South African Department of External Affairs. It gives the historical beginnings of South African diplomacy, deals with South Africa’s foreign affairs during its status as a colony, the founding of the Department of Ex...

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