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The Implications of the Cuba-EU Agreement on Enhanced Political Dialogue and Cooperation

Africa and South Africa need to consider repositioning their diplomatic missions to explore opportunities in economic, cultural, scientific, educational and technological cooperation. They need to analyze what the developments around Cuba mean in t…

African Centred Solutions: Building Peace and Security in Africa

This book comprises nine chapters focusing on the theoretical foundation for exploring and investigating the AfSol concept, offering examples and applications of AfSol practices aimed at addressing peace and security challenges. Chapter two - Interr…

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts t…

Is South Africa a Norm Entrepreneur in Africa?

This policy brief aimed to look at South Africa’s commitment to democracy and human rights in Africa, and to consider the drivers behind the often contradictory foreign-policy positions taken by the government. It questions whether South Africa has…

South Africa's State-building Role in the DRC: Kicking the Can Down the Road

"As the mooted presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is postponed to December 2018, South Africa’s most significant engagement in post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) since its return to African affairs in 1…

Nigeria's Foreign Policy Before Buhari: Global Expectations Amid Domestic and Regional Challenges

"The major problèmatique of this paper is that, due to the drag that the woes and worries of Nigeria’s domestic political economy have spawned and the widening gap between the country’s illusion of grandeur and the contemporary stark reality, there …

Côte d'Ivoire's Comeback: The Revival of Ivorian Regional Diplomacy

"Over the past few decades, Côte d’Ivoire has been a passive and often problematic actor within its region. This has been the case since the death of the first president of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, on 7 December 1993…

Kenya's Regional Diplomacy: Peripheral or Adaptive Pragmatism?

"Kenya maintains close bilateral and multilateral relations with all its neighbouring states. However, analysts have argued that Kenya lags behind in taking up strong positions at the regional and international levels, unlike some other key states i…

Enhancing Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (PSOs) Capacities in Africa: Any Role for China?

This study joins the debate around two major developments, within the broad rubric of a burgeoning China Africa cooperation in peace and security, and interrogates China’s contribution in enhancing Africa’s multidimensional PSO capabilities as part …

Coopération Contre la Criminalité Transnationale : Cas de la Zone de Paix et de Coopération de l’Atlantique Sud – ZOPACAS/ Cooperation Against Transnational Crime: The Case of the Peace Zone and of Cooperation with the South Atlantic

While the threats, which transnational organized crime presented in the 1970s, were seen as secondary, the change in its nature, the increase in its risks and it being increasingly stigmatized as responsible for political instabilities and certain i…

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material re…

Preventing Conflicts or Preventing Relapse: Understanding the Entry- Point of Emerging Peace Building Actors

It was argued in the paper that the dichotomy between conflict prevention and prevention of relapse seems to be the moot point of where emerging actors should intervene. The issues and trends discussed in the document demonstrate a greater leaning b…

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should a…

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its …

NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue: What are New Possible Approaches?

NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) is a forum for cooperation launched in 1994 for non-NATO members from Mediterranean countries. Currently, it involves Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia. By enhancing the level of partn…

Chester Crocker on American policies in Southern Africa

This document contains the text of a statement by US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Chester Crocker, before the US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Africa in Washington, DC, on September 16, 1981. It is followed by the tex…

A Regional Power in the Making: Ethiopian Diplomacy in the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia’s regional engagement and foreign policy is based on its Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS), launched in 2002. The country is a key player in the Horn of Africa and, despite recent internal conflict, crucial …

Region Building and Peace building in Southern Africa

The Botswana seminar assessed key issues on region-building and peace building in Southern Africa, while analyzing South Africa's leadership role in the sub-region. Several recommendations resulted from the two day seminar on “Region-Building and Pe…

Africa, South Africa and the United Nations' Security Architecture

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a policy advisory group seminar at Erinvale Estate, Western Cape, South Africa, from 12 to 13 December 2012 on “Africa, South Africa, and the United Nations’ (UN) Security Arc…

The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Berlin, Germany, hosted a colloquium in Berlin, from 30 to 31 August 2012, on “The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality”. The Africa…

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