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Kenya's Regional Diplomacy: Peripheral or Adaptive Pragmatism?

"Kenya maintains close bilateral and multilateral relations with all its neighbouring states. However, analysts have argued that Kenya lags behind in taking up strong positions at the regional and international levels, unlike some other key states...

Enhancing Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (PSOs) Capacities in Africa: Any Role for China?

This study joins the debate around two major developments, within the broad rubric of a burgeoning China Africa cooperation in peace and security, and interrogates China’s contribution in enhancing Africa’s multidimensional PSO capabilities as par...

Coopération Contre la Criminalité Transnationale : Cas de la Zone de Paix et de Coopération de l’Atlantique Sud – ZOPACAS/ Cooperation Against Transnational Crime: The Case of the Peace Zone and of Cooperation with the South Atlantic

While the threats, which transnational organized crime presented in the 1970s, were seen as secondary, the change in its nature, the increase in its risks and it being increasingly stigmatized as responsible for political instabilities and certain...

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material ...

Preventing Conflicts or Preventing Relapse: Understanding the Entry- Point of Emerging Peace Building Actors

It was argued in the paper that the dichotomy between conflict prevention and prevention of relapse seems to be the moot point of where emerging actors should intervene. The issues and trends discussed in the document demonstrate a greater leaning...

The African Union at Ten: Problems, Progress and Prospects

The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of post-independence pan-Africanism with the birth of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in May 1963. As the golden jubilee is celebrated, this report reflects on the hopes for an “African Renaissance...

Oslo Forum 2017: Peacemaking in a New Era of Geopolitics

The fifteenth Oslo Forum convened one hundred of the world’s leading peacemakers, conflict actors, decision-makers and academics, bringing together people with forty-two different nationalities. The Forum’s overarching theme was Peacemaking in a ...

Building Peace in South Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

In December 2016, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted about 30 policymakers, academics, and civil society actors to reflect critically upon the challenges of, and prospects for, peacebuilding in South Sudan; a...

The Eagle and the Springbok: Strengthening the Nigeria / South Africa Relationship

Nigeria and South Africa have led economic integration and development, as well as peacekeeping and peace-building efforts, in their respective sub-regions and in other parts of Africa. Their partnership represents the continent’s potentially most...

The Meaning of Morocco’s Return to the African Union

Morocco’s 2017 return to the African Union (AU) has created a rift between its supporters, mostly from Francophone West Africa, and those who oppose Morocco because of its claim over the Western Sahara. If Morocco wants to have a say in decisions ...

Escaping the Repertoire of Election Crisis: Prospects and Challenges of the Evolving Infrastructure for Peace in Côte d’Ivoire

The evolving Ivorian Infrastructure for Peace is examined from two angles in this policy brief. First, the historical and contextual issues is explored which contributed to, and perhaps, precipitated instability and the checkered democratization...

Leadership in Africa: What we Learn from Mandela

The key to good governance and development is leadership. Yet, governance on the continent has been characterized by the absence of good leadership. For too long the African narrative has been a dysfunctional one: neocolonialism, underdevelopmen...

Réforme et Stratégie Sécuritaire en Tunisie / Safety and Reform Policy in Tunisia

To ensure the implementation of a true public security policy, it is needed to address the internal problems of the interior security forces. This is essential so that political power is able to respond democratically, balanced and proportionate t...

The Regionalisation of the South Sudanese Crisis

This report will discuss the geopolitical context and consequences of the underlying competition for direct political and economic influence in South Sudan. It will reflect on the practical military considerations preoccupying the vast array of pl...

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has b...

The African Union Peace and Security Council A five-year appraisal

"The African Union(AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) was operationalised in March 2004 and celebrated its fifth anniversary in 2009. The Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (PSC Protocol...

An Assessment of Police Pre-Deployment Training: Ghana Study

The relevance of the KAIPTC Pre Deployment Training and its contribution to effective peace operations in Africa was assessed in this study. The study focused on Ghanaian police officers who were former participants of the PDT. Based on extensive ...

Good Neighbours? African Express High Levels of Tolerance for Many but not for All

"Africans express high levels of tolerance for people of different ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. A large majority also express tolerance for people living with HIV/AIDS, though HIV-related stigma remains a reality in most countries. A...

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and jux...

Ethiopia's Policy Towards the AU: Time to Look Beyond Unique Contributions & Special Responsibilities

The Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS) is Ethiopia’s well articulated foreign and security policy. Its substantive anchor on development and stability as well as geographic focus on the Horn of Africa and Egypt refl...

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