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Capacity Building and Training for Peace Operations and Conflict Resolution in East Africa

"In East Africa there are five important regional actors involved in peace and conflict management: the AU, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the East African Community (EAC), The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Afric...

Landmarks in peacekeeping training in West Africa and the role of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

"This paper analyses the increasing incidents in Africa of establishing ‘Centres of Excellence’ to train peacekeepers in contemporary peace support operations. It situates the analyses within the context of the cognitive processes and experiential...

Has South Africa Managed to Coordinate SADC’s Response to Zimbabwe?

"The end of apartheid in 1994 through a negotiated settlement ushered in a democratic South Africa; consequently the country was readmitted into global politics after decades of isolation. The experience influenced the country’s ambitions to play ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2013

In ‘Africa’s Concept of Unconstitutional Change of Government – How Appropriate?’ Egypt is the latest example of the African Union’s (AU) decision to declare events as an “unconstitutional change of government”, and to suspend Egypt’s AU membershi...

Russia and Angola: The Rebirth of a Strategic Partnership?

"Africa and Russia in general, and Angola and Russia in particular, have a long-standing friendship dating back to the days when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was assisting African national liberation movements in gaining indepe...

Russia's Africa Policy

"Russia’s interest in Africa lies not only in terms of the continent’s natural resources. Indeed, Russia’s own reserves are significant. Developing Russia’s own enormous energy resources, however, would be far more costly than developing the sam...

Mozambique's Foreign Policy: Pragmatic Non-Alignment as a Tool for Development

"Mozambique has been held up as a veritable poster child of post-conflict success in Africa following the maintenance of relative peace since the end of the civil war in 1992. Much of this has been thanks to a foreign policy successfully pursued o...

The Role of Public Sentiment and Social Media in the Evolving China-Africa Relationship

"The demands of public diplomacy have shifted with the development of social media technologies. Increasingly, governments are required to gauge and respond to public sentiment over and above the one-way communication of broadcast media. The soc...

Wade's Senegal and its Relations with Guinea-Bissau: Brother, Patron or Regional Hegemon?

"Against the background of the low-intensity conflict that affects its Casamance region, Senegal should pay particular attention to its relations with its southern neighbour, Guinea-Bissau. Since 2000 Senegal has used its democratic legitimacy, d...

China-South Sudan:Governance in Emerging Relations

"Away from news headlines about oil, conflict and political instability, China has been developing a more involved engagement with the government of South Sudan and its ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Governance is fu...

Top Five Reasons Why Africa Should Be a Priority for the United States

"With the dramatic changes that have taken place over the last decade, sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly important to the rest of the world. In the past, relationships for many African countries were dominated by the former colonial powe...

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments mana...

China in Africa: Implications for U.S. Competition and Diplomacy

"China is an increasingly important player in the politics, economic development and security of Africa. Historically, China has prioritized strong diplomatic relations and political ties with African states with an ideological aspiration anchore...

Advancing Peace and Security in Africa

"In a complex and globalized security environment, having strong and capable partners on the African continent to tackle transnational challenges advances U.S. national security interests. In this regard, the growing capabilities of African countr...

The Reed that Lies Low in a Flooded River: The Case of Swazi Resistance to South African Reform Diplomacy

This policy brief traces how post apartheid South Africa has sought to engage Swaziland. South Africa has used its economic clout to influence political developments in Swaziland since 1994. However Swaziland has been reluctant to accept reform in...

China and Liberia: Engagement in a Post-Conflict Country: 2003-2013

"Since the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Liberia in 2003, China has been one of the major foreign participants in Monrovia’s efforts to rebuild its society. Both within the framework of the UN Mission in Liberia and at a b...

South Africa’s Peacebuilding and PCRD Activities The Role of IBSA and BRICS

This paper examined the role BRICS and IBSA play in enhancing South Africa’s development cooperation through SADPA, with a specific focus on peacebuilding and PCRD processes. Firstly, South Africa as a player in the current global development cont...

Engaging Effectively in Climate Diplomacy : Policy Pointers from the Gambia

"In 2013, the Gambia appointed the first special climate envoy from a least developed country (LDC). While such appointments have become commonplace in developed countries, LDC diplomats have previously lacked the influence and capacity to engage ...

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective...

SADC 2014 – 2015: Are South Africa and Zimbabwe Shaping the Organisation?

The chairing of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)is discussed in this paper as well as its key institutions by South Africa and Zimbabwe, for the duration of their tenure from 2014 to 2015. It highlights the constraints and opport...

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