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Political Instability and the Challenge of Democratization in Africa: A Conceptual Analysis

This essay seeks to explain the seeming persistence of political instability in Africa, in spite of the rapid spread of liberal democracy in the 1980s and 1990s. It examines the causes of political instability, its impact on democracy, and the prosp…

Determinants of Self Employment in Botswana

The global market is rapidly recognizing the importance of entrepreneurship and self employment, especially in growing the economy, creating jobs and reducing poverty. This paper employs the logit regression model to investigate the determinants o…

The Relationship Between Electronic-Money Penetration and Household Consumption: VECM Granger Causality Analysis

The development and use of Electronic Money (e-money) remain one of the most discussed topics in developing countries, yet literature on the relationship between e-money penetration and household consumption remains negligible. Available literature …

The Global Context: Major Forces Shaping Our World

The main message of this paper is that our world is undergoing a profound transformation in multiple aspects. These, at a minimum, include the following: the degree and manner of our acceptance of or opposition to increased integration as trading n…

L’intangibilité des Frontières Africaines à l’épreuve des Réalités Contemporaines / The Intangibility of Borders in the Face of Contemporary Realities

Open conflicts besetting Africa find their origin mainly in the struggle for power, the appropriation of natural resources or the issue of borders. After having been overshadowed during the first decades following African independence, thanks to th…

Violence in Africa: Trends, Drivers and Prospects to 2023

This report analyses prospects for violence in Africa to 2023. It first presents recent conflict trends including slowly declining fatality rates in several countries, noting Africa’s large burden of non-state conflict and the increase in riots and…

Drivers for Early Labour Market Transitions of Young Women in Uganda: Evidence from the 2015 School to Work Transition Survey

Fertility decisions and associated impacts on young women’s entry into the labour markets are major policy concerns in sub Saharan Africa. This paper jointly estimates the drivers of key life cycle decisions of educational attainment, marriage age, …

Beyond Country-level Averages: Construction of Sub-National Human Development Index for the Nigerian States

This study develops a comparable Human Development Index for sub national government in Nigeria. While built on the UNDP approach, we extend the generic framework to address challenges at the sub national level such as comparable indicator, data una…

The Potential of Manufacturing and Industrialization in Africa: Trends, Opportunities, and Strategies

By 2030, business-to-business spending in manufacturing in Africa is projected to reach $666.3 billion, $201.28 billion more than in 2015. This report discussed the evolution and prospects of manufacturing and industrialization in Africa. It ultim…

Illicit Transfers and Tax Reforms in South Africa: Mapping of the Literature and Synthesis of the Evidence

There is mounting evidence demonstrating that massive amounts of revenue are transferred from South Africa and other developing countries annually in ways that significantly deprive the national revenue authorities of resources that could be used to…

Financial Inclusion in Ethiopia: Using LSMS (Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey) Data

Only less than a quarter of Ethiopian adults have a formal account. In this study, the status, level and determinants of financial inclusion and barriers to financial inclusion in Ethiopia are analysed. We found that better education, financial lite…

Factors Affecting Savings as Means of Economic Growth in Ethiopia

Savings have always figured prominently in both theoretical analysis and policy design in both developed and developing economies. This prominence emanates from their assumed direct theoretical link to future economic growth and current expenditure …

Nonfarm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: Improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?

In developing countries highly dependent on agriculture, non-farm enterprises (NFEs) are often lauded as income diversification opportunities, helping to smooth income in the farming off-seasons. Using data from the first wave of the Ethiopia Socioe…

Global Compact for Migration: Enhancing African Migration Governance

The final outcome document of the Global Compact for Migration calls for developing evidence-based migration policies and discourses. The importance of data for well-informed policy making is also emphasised. The compact follows a comprehensive ap…

Africa and Climate Change: Projecting Vulnerability and Adaptive capacity

Human activities have warmed the climate 1°C above pre-industrial levels, triggering fundamental changes in the earth’s physical and social landscapes. Africa has contributed little to climate change, but is home to some of the world’s harshest cl…

Towards Maximising the Demographic Dividend in Namibia

The primary objective of this study was to assess Namibia’s prospects for harnessing the demographic dividend and to identify priority options for maximising the dividend. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions. T…

The Anatomy of Fragile States in Sub-Saharan Africa: Understanding the Inter-relationship Between Fragility and Deprivation

According to most classifications, Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world with the highest presence of fragile states. In this paper we examine the relationship between fragility and poverty, suggesting that countries may become trapped in a …

State Fragility, Macroeconomic Policies and Macroeconomic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

We study how state fragility conditions affect macroeconomic outcomes in sub-Saharan African economies, and identify some of the most plausible transmission mechanisms. Applying dynamic panel estimation techniques and structural vector autoregressio…

Understanding Inclusive Growth in Africa's Fragile States: Any Role for Fragility and Financial Inequalities

This study conducts an empirical analysis of the effects of fragility and financial inequalities on inclusive growth of African countries. In order to achieve this, we developed a unified measure of inclusive growth which is decomposed into growth a…

Investing in “Migrant” Human Capital

This Policy Brief offers a new perspective on African migration to Europe, by proposing to invest in the economic and human capital represented by African migrants. This would require professional training of candidates wanting to migrate, mainly th…

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