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An overview of Chinese Agricultural and Rural Engagement in Tanzania

"The recent expansion of Chinese economic engagement in Africa is often poorly documented and not well understood. This paper is the second in an IFPRI-sponsored effort to better understand Chinese engagement in Africa’s agricultural sector. A clear…

The Quest for Affordable Food: Prospects in the Doha Round for Net Food-importing Developing Countries

"In the past few years, a sharp rise in the price of food commodities has caused a critical global food crisis, increasing the food bill of consumers in a way that deeply affects the food security of low-income societies, whose members spend more th…

Non-aligned against what? South Africa and the future of the Non-Aligned Movement

"This report is addressing the problems and developments around the NAM during the 1990s. The discussion covers six basic topics namely the achievements of NAM, revitalisation, the NAM agenda, the relationship to other movements and what NAM can ach…

Developing country coalitions in multilateral trade negotiations: Aligning the majors?

"This paper focuses on coalition building by developing countries, which is a key indicator of their overall capacity and effectiveness in the WTO. The issue is examined in the context of national trade policies and trade negotiations on other tra…

Some Implications of External Pressures on South Africa

Many countries face pressures to change their foreign policies, but in South Africa these pressures are directed at internal policies almost exclusively. Pressure from various sources and at various levels is increasing as South Africa’s economic st…

Corporate Options in South Africa

This discussion is done against a backdrop of the campaign against multi-national corporations which is being waged in the world. It discusses the options that corporations have in relation to their objective situation and to this campaign.

Goodwill and Hard Bargains: The DRC, China and India

"The economic and political engagement of China and India with the African continent is growing, but the complex dynamics of this engagement, particularly at country-specific level, remain under-researched. This study explores historical, politica…

Structural transformation in Ethiopia: Evidence from cereal markets

"We study cereal wholesale markets in Ethiopia in the last decade (2001–2011), a period that has been characterized by important local changes affecting agricultural markets, including strong economic growth, urbanization, improved road and communic…

Consumption Patterns of Livestock Products in Ethiopia: Elasticity Estimates Using HICES (2004/05) Data

"Ethiopia is known to have one of the largest livestock populations in the world. Yet the overall contribution of livestock products to households’ daily consumption is very limited. The average per capita annual consumption of meat and dairy produc…

North-South: Issues : the Cancun Summit and other 1981 Negotiations

“The troublesome question of North –South negotiations has been the focus for much attention and speculation in the recent past. Much of this was the direct result of the meeting between representatives of the developed (North) and the developing (S…

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of droughts…

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth path…

Measuring and Accounting for Community Capabilities in Kordofan, Sudan

"Parallel to the growing attention being devoted to the relationship between empowerment and development, an increasing number of tools are being developed to measure empowerment and determine the link between these two phenomena. This paper details…

Africa and the Global Economic Crises : Impacts, Policy Responses and Political Economy

"African countries have already undertaken a number of effective measures to minimize the impacts of the crisis. Taking a longer-term perspective, African countries could turn the crisis into an opportunity to restore their economic potentials and …

Analysis of the Cost of Infrastructure Failures in a Developing Economy: The Case of the Electricity Sector in Nigeria

"Infrastructure has been identified as the key constraint to private sector development in Nigeria. Hence, this study analysed the cost of power outages to the business sector of the Nigerian economy using both a survey technique and revealed prefer…

Costs and Benefits of Special and Differential treatment for developing countries in GATT/WTO: An African perspective

"It is not necessarily self-evident that income transfers should be made through S&D treatment; other mechanisms that may be more efficient could be available. Second, it is worth examining whether S&D treatment provides appropriate incentives for…

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care may …

Facing the Global Financial Crisis - Policy Lessons from Small Mauritius

"The objective of the paper therefore is to assess the case of a small island developing state like Mauritius where government has attempted to mitigate the negative consequences of the global economic crisis through an appropriate policy mix. So f…

Growth and Foreign Debt: The Ugandan Experience

"This paper analyses Uganda’s external debt problem. Like many other countries in the sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda is a severely indebted low-income country. Uganda’s total debt stock at end June 1993 was estimated at US$2.64 billion, with a debt se…

Macroeconomic Policies and Long Term Growth: A Conceptual and Empirical Review

"The main purpose of the paper is to review the theoretical and empirical literature on the relationship between macroeconomic policies and the long term growth rate of potential GDP. The paper lays out the current state of theory and the empirical …

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