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The Way Forward for the WTO: Reforming the Decision-Making Process

" The World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy. With the rise ...

An overview of Chinese Agricultural and Rural Engagement in Tanzania

"The recent expansion of Chinese economic engagement in Africa is often poorly documented and not well understood. This paper is the second in an IFPRI-sponsored effort to better understand Chinese engagement in Africa’s agricultural sector. A cle...

Uganda's Electricity Sector Reforms and Institutional Restructuring

"Using time series and the Uganda National Household Survey data, this paper seeks to examine the impact of the electricity reforms on the performance of the sector. Specifically, we investigate the effectiveness of the reforms in terms of sector...

The Effects of Investment Climate on Manufacturing Firms’ Growth in Uganda

"This policy brief highlights findings on the effects of investment climate factors on manufacturing firms’ growth in Uganda. The low and stagnant level of manufacturing sector share in Gross Domestic Product within most African countries has be...

Contract Enforcement in Ugandan Business in Transactions: The Case of Small and Medium Enterprises

"This study examines the extent to which small and medium sized business in Uganda use formal agreements when purchasing supplies. It also looks at the dispute resolution mechanisms the SMEs use when suppliers do not honour their contractual oblig...

The Impact of Microfinance Service Delivery on the Growth of SME's in Uganda

"This policy brief examines the impact of microfinance service delivery on the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Eastern Uganda. The objectives of the study were as follows: Establish whether MFIs service delivery lead to grow...

Women Entrepreneurship in Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (WEFFV) Project

"The production and marketing of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (FFV) has become an important economic activity for women in Zimbabwe for their livelihoods, income earning and food security. This brief discusses the factors that affect women’s competi...

Promoting Alternative Finance for SME's in Uganda

"This policy brief outlines policy actions the Government of Uganda, and other stakeholders, can take to help mitigate the perennial problem of limited access to finance by small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs). It also outlines policy actions...

Economic Participation of Businesswomen in Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

"This research investigates the possible problems businesswomen still face in Sudan, notwithstanding the government’s policies to promote businesswomen. These problems include the business environment and infrastructure, access to finance, not...

Regulatory and Competition–Related Reforms in Kenya’s Power and Petroleum Sectors

"Kenya embarked on a process to reform its energy sector in earnest after mid-1990. The enactment of the Electric Power Act, 1997 and later the Energy Act, 2006 set the stage for reform in the two energy sub-sectors. The two legislations laid the ...

Value Addition in the Coffee Industry in Kenya: Lessons from the Cut Flower Sector

"The cut flower industry in Kenya is characterised by a number of features which result in the relatively large proportion of value added accruing to farmers. The vertically integrated value chain enables the sector to adjust and respond quickly ...

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of drough...

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth pa...

Measuring and Accounting for Community Capabilities in Kordofan, Sudan

"Parallel to the growing attention being devoted to the relationship between empowerment and development, an increasing number of tools are being developed to measure empowerment and determine the link between these two phenomena. This paper detai...

Africa and the Global Economic Crises : Impacts, Policy Responses and Political Economy

"African countries have already undertaken a number of effective measures to minimize the impacts of the crisis. Taking a longer-term perspective, African countries could turn the crisis into an opportunity to restore their economic potentials an...

Analysis of the Cost of Infrastructure Failures in a Developing Economy: The Case of the Electricity Sector in Nigeria

"Infrastructure has been identified as the key constraint to private sector development in Nigeria. Hence, this study analysed the cost of power outages to the business sector of the Nigerian economy using both a survey technique and revealed pref...

Costs and Benefits of Special and Differential treatment for developing countries in GATT/WTO: An African perspective

"It is not necessarily self-evident that income transfers should be made through S&D treatment; other mechanisms that may be more efficient could be available. Second, it is worth examining whether S&D treatment provides appropriate incentives f...

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care ma...

Facing the Global Financial Crisis - Policy Lessons from Small Mauritius

"The objective of the paper therefore is to assess the case of a small island developing state like Mauritius where government has attempted to mitigate the negative consequences of the global economic crisis through an appropriate policy mix. So...

Growth and Foreign Debt: The Ugandan Experience

"This paper analyses Uganda’s external debt problem. Like many other countries in the sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda is a severely indebted low-income country. Uganda’s total debt stock at end June 1993 was estimated at US$2.64 billion, with a debt ...

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