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Cities - Pathways to Prosperity

"We should recognise the importance of cities for growth, for jobs, for prosperity and we should allow people to exercise choice and move to cities to take advantage of the incredible opportunities that they provide. Phenomenal things have happene…

Improving the Performance of Natural Resource Taxation in Developing Countries

This paper focuses on the administrative challenges which is posed to developing countries, as a result of the increasing emphasis in fiscal regimes for natural resource extraction since the Second World War on income-based taxes, including both cor…

Development Drivers in Africa: Role of Innovation

"Africa has recovered from the 2008-2009 financial crisis and posted high growth levels as seen before the crisis. The region has also been able to generate a sizable middle class of over 300 million people, who are educated, connected, and aware. …

Which Factors lead to Entry or Exit from Poverty in Developing Countries? A Meta-Analysis of Studies on the Dynamics of Poverty

This paper on the dynamics of poverty, identifies numerous factors which impact the probability of an individual or household entering into or exiting from a state of major deprivation. Education, demographics, agricultural and non agricultural asse…

Impact de la Microfinance sur la Pauvrete et les Inegalites : Une Analyse de Causalité Hétérogène en données de Panel / Impact of Microfinance on Poverty and Inequalities: A Heterogeneous Causality Analysis in Panel Data

This paper analyzed the impact of micro finance on poverty reduction and income inequalities by studying the causal links between the intensity of microfinance and two poverty indicators (Gini index and the poverty headcount ratio at 2$ / day). The …

Examining Nigeria's Learning Crisis: Can Communities be Mobilized to take Action?

Policy design and interventions in basic education were, until recently, unduly focused on increasing school enrollment in developing countries, with little attention on improving the quality of learning. Using two states in Nigeria – Lagos and Kano…

Tax and Gender in Developing Countries: What are the Issues?

Encouraging tax compliance demands a careful understanding of how taxpayers think about and experience taxation. Knowledge about taxpayer attitudes and behaviour is essential when analyzing opportunities and constraints for reform, and for the desig…

Managing Natural Resources for Growth and Prosperity in Low Income Countries

This paper analyzed the economic impact of natural resources on low-income countries and the policy options available to them as recommended by academia and international organizations. It was concluded that traditional policy prescriptions are unre…

Policies for Managing Natural Resources in Low Income Countries

The specific example of the South Sudan is used in this paper in order to examine the conditions in poor developing countries such as political instability, limited financial and physical infrastructure, low human resources and failing institutions.…

The Water – Energy – Food Nexus: Who Owns it?

Over the last few years, the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus has emerged as an innovative and holistic platform for resource management and allocation. Unlike many other disciplines that make their way to the policy circle through academic debates, th…

Oil and Gas Local Content Development Strategy: The Key to Success

This policy brief attempted to identify common factors in successful local content strategies by comparing the experiences of countries that have achieved reasonable positive local content outcomes. In order to do so, the experiences of seven Latin…

Rethinking Development Finance: Towards a New “possible trinity” for Growth?

Development finance is an issue that typically concerns developing countries. This is where numerous, grave socio-economic problems persist, including – and not among the least – the need for stable development finance in higher quantity and of hig…

Does Growth Create Jobs in the G-20 Economies?

There is a striking variation among the G-20 countries in the extent to which employment and unemployment respond to growth over the course of a year. In some countries (for example, Australia, Korea and South Africa), labor markets are quite respon…

Fighting Corruption in the Public Sector of Ghana: The Role of Assets Declaration

As indicated by both anecdotal and evidence based research, corruption is endemic in the public sector. Many people posit that where assets are declared, upon assumption of public office, officials could better yield to public scrutiny. The assets o…

Understanding ‘bankability’ and Unlocking Climate Finance for Climate Compatible Development

As a result of the complex and stringent requirements, countries have spent a significant amount of resources on various aspects of climate finance readiness. However, this has been focused mainly on building the necessary institutional, technical a…

Catastrophes and Poverty in Developing Countries

The goal of this study was to explore in greater detail the short- and long-term impacts of catastrophes experienced by developing countries on their poverty rates. The document explained the diversity of channels via which disasters may negatively …

Using Foreign Direct Investment to Upgrade and Diversify Exports from Morocco: Opportunities and Challenges in Comparative Perspective

Developing countries that manage to upgrade and diversify their export profile grow more rapidly and achieve greater welfare gains than countries that simply export larger volumes of what they have traditionally produced. This discussion paper ex…

Ethiopia: Emergence and Positive Change in a Turbulent Geopolitical Context

Through this paper, an anthropological and historical approach was used in the first part, in order to understand Ethiopia’s modern state building process since the fall of Haile Selassie’s empire to the rise of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary …

Incentives and Firms’ Productivity: Exploring Multidimensional Fiscal Incentives in a Developing Country

This paper investigates the impact of fiscal incentives on firms’ productivity using Cameroonian firms as a case. Data is used from the World Bank Enterprise Survey for over 300 firms to calculate the productivity of firms. The Enterprise Survey als…

Convergence économique et Spatiale en Afrique: cas des Pays de la Zone CFA / Economic and Spatial Convergence in Africa: Case of CFA Zone Countries

This paper studies convergence in the economies of the developing countries, specifically in Africa in zones UEMOA and CEMAC using the theory of the convergence inspired by the models of endogenous growth. The results which we found show that the…

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