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Enduring Political Divides in South Africa

This paper offers an assessment of the foreign policy strategies adopted by both the Mandela and Mbeki administrations in their quest to shed the country’s image as a former defender of racial segregation, largely dislocated from the global econom...

Fragile Stability: Post-Apartheid South Africa

Despite the international recognition and praise that South Africa received in 1994 for organizing its first free and fair, multiracial presidential elections, the country continues to exhibit increasing signs of state fragility on a number of dif...

The Logic of the B(R)ICSAM Model for G8 Reform

The BRICs model developed by Goldman Sachs in its publication, Dreaming With BRICs: The Path to 2050, has attracted some considerable attention.1 From an economic perspective, it has enormous attractions in lending attention to four countries (Bra...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Mugabe's Policies and Failures

Exemplifying the negative consequences of a variety of inappropriate fiscal and social policies, Zimbabwe has failed to realize its potential to become a strong, independent state, going from the admiration and envy of its neighbours to near-compl...

China's Growing Economic Presence in Africa

African economic interdependence with China, though proportionately smaller than is the case with most other geographical areas, is growing apace. China now accounts for around nine percent of Africa's oil and gas exports, and comparable amounts o...

Income and Non-Income Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa: What are the Drivers and Possible Policy Interventions?

Excerpt "This study has two main objectives. Firstly, the study aims to identify the drivers of the reproduction of inequality in post-apartheid South Africa. The second objective is to examine what policy levers are available to help mitigate t...

The Quest for Affordable Food: Prospects in the Doha Round for Net Food-importing Developing Countries

"In the past few years, a sharp rise in the price of food commodities has caused a critical global food crisis, increasing the food bill of consumers in a way that deeply affects the food security of low-income societies, whose members spend more ...

Non-aligned against what? South Africa and the future of the Non-Aligned Movement

"This report is addressing the problems and developments around the NAM during the 1990s. The discussion covers six basic topics namely the achievements of NAM, revitalisation, the NAM agenda, the relationship to other movements and what NAM can a...

Technology and the Nature of Active Citizenship: The Case of Botswana

The use of technology in citizen participation has grown phenomenally in developed countries, but is emergent in most developing countries. Accessibility and the functionality of information and communication technologies such as telephone, cellul...

Strengthening Local Government Service Delivery Systems Through the Open Government Initiative: The Case of Botswana

The Government of Botswana has, and continues to promote local government as an instrument of decentralization and public participation for local level governance and service delivery. Local authorities (LAs) are at the forefront of the provision ...

Linking Beneficial Ownership Transparency to Improved Tax Revenue Collection in Developing Countries

This brief thus begins to explore a critical question for governments and civil society: To what extent are current efforts to expand access to information on beneficial ownership likely, in practice, to enhance the ability of low-income countries...

Un Tournant pour l’économie Mondiale: l’Europe se Réveille, l’Asie Consolide sa position / A Turning Point for the Global Economy: Europe wakes up, Asia Consolidates its Position

Undoubtedly, 2018 marks a turning point in the evolution of the global economy. Europe, after having started to emerge from the crisis in 2017, could enter a phase of sustainable expansion thanks to a structural increase in industrial production...

Political Instability and the Challenge of Democratization in Africa: A Conceptual Analysis

This essay seeks to explain the seeming persistence of political instability in Africa, in spite of the rapid spread of liberal democracy in the 1980s and 1990s. It examines the causes of political instability, its impact on democracy, and the pro...

Determinants of Self Employment in Botswana

The global market is rapidly recognizing the importance of entrepreneurship and self employment, especially in growing the economy, creating jobs and reducing poverty. This paper employs the logit regression model to investigate the determinants...

The Relationship Between Electronic-Money Penetration and Household Consumption: VECM Granger Causality Analysis

The development and use of Electronic Money (e-money) remain one of the most discussed topics in developing countries, yet literature on the relationship between e-money penetration and household consumption remains negligible. Available literatur...

The Global Context: Major Forces Shaping Our World

The main message of this paper is that our world is undergoing a profound transformation in multiple aspects. These, at a minimum, include the following: the degree and manner of our acceptance of or opposition to increased integration as trading...

L’intangibilité des Frontières Africaines à l’épreuve des Réalités Contemporaines / The Intangibility of Borders in the Face of Contemporary Realities

Open conflicts besetting Africa find their origin mainly in the struggle for power, the appropriation of natural resources or the issue of borders. After having been overshadowed during the first decades following African independence, thanks to ...

Violence in Africa: Trends, Drivers and Prospects to 2023

This report analyses prospects for violence in Africa to 2023. It first presents recent conflict trends including slowly declining fatality rates in several countries, noting Africa’s large burden of non-state conflict and the increase in riots a...

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