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Unexploited potential: A critical review of policies supporting the self-employed in Zambia

"The employment challenge – creating more jobs and improving the quality of existing jobs – is one of Zambia’s biggest. Over the past decade Zambia has recorded unprecedented economic growth rates, but this has not translated into significant job cr…

The Population Factor in the Development of the Niger Delta Region : Policy Issues

There is much known about the physical resources of the Niger Delta region, as well as the implications of their exploitation for the people of the region. Just as the natural resources are important for the development of the Niger Delta region, so…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2003

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing gives a discussion of the bond market in Botswana. We note that the shortage of domestic high-return, low risk investment, especially for the Public Officers Pension Fund, is one of the reasons that led to the launc…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2003

This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the slow down of real GDP growth under the following headings: Review of the GDP Growth, 2001 Population and Housing Census, Pula Exchange Rate Appreciation Erodes Competitiveness, and includes a Table with…

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates differ…

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On the …

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 7 No 3

In this bulletin several workshops held by OSSREA were discussed as well as the launching of NBRP books as well as a strategic plan for 2011-2015. Featured articles included : Is the Adoption of Multicurrency System a Panacea to Urban Dwellers’ Soci…

Assessing Crop Production and Input Use Patterns in Ghana – What can we learn from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS5)?

"Agriculture in Ghana accounts for about 40 percent of national economy, three quarters of export earnings, and employs 60 percent of the labor force. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy and the sector has served as the main driver for the …

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of data…

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that wil…

Poverty Analysis within a General Equilibrium Framework

"The main objective of this paper is to show how Social accounting Matrixes and computable general equilibrium models can be used to highlight and address issues related to income distribution and poverty. The paper is divided into two major parts. …

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of t…

Poverty Reduction in Africa: Challenges and Policy Options

"The aim of this paper is to summarize the poverty situation in Africa as a continent, and to suggest practical measures for dealing with this debilitating and embarrassing condition. The money metric approach to poverty measurement underlies much …

Realizing the Demographic Dividend: Is Africa any Different?

"The goal of this paper is to test whether the determinants of growth in general, and the effects of demography in particular, are different in Africa than for the rest of the world. The author shows that most Sub-Saharan countries have the potenti…

Responses by African Governments to the Global Economic and Financial Crisis and Lessons

"The paper focuses on the responses by African governments to the financial crisis and lessons. The authors blame the failure of the neo-liberal (laissez faire) policies of the multilateral institutions (World Bank and IMF) and excessive government …

Supply Response in the Context of Structural Adjustment in Sub Saharan Africa

"This document specifically identified the world recession, falling real commodity prices, declining export volume and terms of trade, rising interest rates and debt burden, as well as drought as the major factors responsible for Africa's economic c…

Food Security, Agricultural Policy & Environmental Interface: An African Perspective The Case of Botswana

"This paper begins with an outline of the Southern African region's background, then define food security in the region, and discuss food security issues in terms of macroeconomic and agricultural policy perspectives. In this paper, food security wi…

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth g…

Maximising South Africa's Demographic Dividend

"Based on 2005 estimates of National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, this paper investigates the resource flows across ages within the generational economy. The paper provides estimates of the lifecycle deficit and describes the financing of the…

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