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BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2003

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing gives a discussion of the bond market in Botswana. We note that the shortage of domestic high-return, low risk investment, especially for the Public Officers Pension Fund, is one of the reasons that led to the launc…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2003

This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the slow down of real GDP growth under the following headings: Review of the GDP Growth, 2001 Population and Housing Census, Pula Exchange Rate Appreciation Erodes Competitiveness, and includes a Table with…

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates differ…

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On the …

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 7 No 3

In this bulletin several workshops held by OSSREA were discussed as well as the launching of NBRP books as well as a strategic plan for 2011-2015. Featured articles included : Is the Adoption of Multicurrency System a Panacea to Urban Dwellers’ Soci…

Assessing Crop Production and Input Use Patterns in Ghana – What can we learn from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS5)?

"Agriculture in Ghana accounts for about 40 percent of national economy, three quarters of export earnings, and employs 60 percent of the labor force. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy and the sector has served as the main driver for the …

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of data…

Maximising South Africa's Demographic Dividend

"Based on 2005 estimates of National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, this paper investigates the resource flows across ages within the generational economy. The paper provides estimates of the lifecycle deficit and describes the financing of the…

Africa's Job Challenge

"It is evident that Africa has much potential to achieve the long-term growth that is necessary for reducing inequality and alleviating poverty across the region. In order to do this, there are key pitfalls that need to be addressed, most importantl…

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This index…

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the dr…

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy, u…

Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivity…

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local communi…

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are mor…

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of rur…

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to A…

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving man…

Income Distributional Effects of Economic Adjustment in Tanzania

"This study examines income distributional impacts of the economic adjustment policy measures that Tanzania has adopted since the early 1980s. The adjustment policies were in response to adverse shocks in the world economy and to undesirable domest…

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