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BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2003

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing gives a discussion of the bond market in Botswana. We note that the shortage of domestic high-return, low risk investment, especially for the Public Officers Pension Fund, is one of the reasons that led to the lau...

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2003

This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the slow down of real GDP growth under the following headings: Review of the GDP Growth, 2001 Population and Housing Census, Pula Exchange Rate Appreciation Erodes Competitiveness, and includes a Table wi...

Urbanization and Spatial Connectivity in Ethiopia: Urban Growth Analysis Using GIS

"In comparison to other African countries, Ethiopia has a low urbanization rate. According to the World Bank World Development Report (WDR) 2009, Sub-Sahara Africa is 30% urbanized, whereas Ethiopia is only 10.9% urbanized. Urbanization rates diff...

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On th...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 7 No 3

In this bulletin several workshops held by OSSREA were discussed as well as the launching of NBRP books as well as a strategic plan for 2011-2015. Featured articles included : Is the Adoption of Multicurrency System a Panacea to Urban Dwellers’ So...

Assessing Crop Production and Input Use Patterns in Ghana – What can we learn from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS5)?

"Agriculture in Ghana accounts for about 40 percent of national economy, three quarters of export earnings, and employs 60 percent of the labor force. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy and the sector has served as the main driver for th...

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of da...

Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivi...

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local commu...

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are m...

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of r...

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to...

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving m...

Income Distributional Effects of Economic Adjustment in Tanzania

"This study examines income distributional impacts of the economic adjustment policy measures that Tanzania has adopted since the early 1980s. The adjustment policies were in response to adverse shocks in the world economy and to undesirable dome...

Determinants of Expected Poverty Among Rural Households in Nigeria

"Vulnerability measures are becoming tools for evolving proactive steps to alleviate poverty. Against this backdrop, this study examined the determinants of expected poverty (a measure of vulnerability) among rural households in Nigeria. The mai...

Determinants of Regional Poverty in Uganda

"The study sought in-depth knowledge of the key factors that account for regional poverty differentials in Uganda so as to contribute to more focused targeting of programmes for the poor. The research objectives were: to estimate the national an...

Determinants of Technical Efficiency Differentials Amongst Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers in Uganda: A Case of Tobacco Growers

"The principal objective of this study,using tobacco farmers as a case study, is to identify factors that influence their technical efficiencies. The specific objectives are twofold: First, the study seeks to estimate farmer-specific technical ef...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy,...

AFIDEP News Issue No 3

This newsletter consists of several articles. Some of the featured articles are listed below. 1)How Evidence-Based is Evidence-Informed Policy Making? In February 2012, AFIDEP partnered with a host of organizations and sponsors, for a 3 day confer...

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