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Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivi...

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local commu...

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are m...

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of r...

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to...

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving m...

Income Distributional Effects of Economic Adjustment in Tanzania

"This study examines income distributional impacts of the economic adjustment policy measures that Tanzania has adopted since the early 1980s. The adjustment policies were in response to adverse shocks in the world economy and to undesirable dome...

Determinants of Expected Poverty Among Rural Households in Nigeria

"Vulnerability measures are becoming tools for evolving proactive steps to alleviate poverty. Against this backdrop, this study examined the determinants of expected poverty (a measure of vulnerability) among rural households in Nigeria. The mai...

Determinants of Regional Poverty in Uganda

"The study sought in-depth knowledge of the key factors that account for regional poverty differentials in Uganda so as to contribute to more focused targeting of programmes for the poor. The research objectives were: to estimate the national an...

Determinants of Technical Efficiency Differentials Amongst Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers in Uganda: A Case of Tobacco Growers

"The principal objective of this study,using tobacco farmers as a case study, is to identify factors that influence their technical efficiencies. The specific objectives are twofold: First, the study seeks to estimate farmer-specific technical ef...

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of part...

Empirical Modelling of Investment in Health and Nutrition

"The study begins with some economic theory necessary to model such investments,focusing on a basic, static household production model. In Section 3, the study turns to measurement issues. In the case of health, in particular, measurement present...

Explaining African Economic Growth Performance: A Case Study of Malawi

"The background discussed in the paper is important for the reader to fully appreciate the difficult undemocratic conditions in which politicians, economic technocrats, other public servants and the rest of society lived for thirty years. And the ...

Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The hum...

Food Security and Child Nutrition Status among Urban Poor Households in Uganda: Implications for Poverty Alleviation

"The urgent need for in-depth analyses of the patterns and determinants of food and nutrition insecurity in urban areas in Uganda cannot be overemphasized. Using cross-sectional data, this study explores the key determinants of the food security a...

Impacts of the Economic Crisis on Human Development and the MDGs in Africa

"This paper has examined the channels through which the economic crisis could have an impact on human development in sub-Saharan Africa, and also the historical evidence for the size of these impacts. Using growth projections to 2014 for the count...

Implications of Rainfall Shocks for Household Income and Consumption in Uganda

"This study uses a basic model of household production to assess the impact of rainfall shocks (using rainfall variability) on farm income and consumption expenditure and the response of households to such shocks. Pooled cross sectional data of fa...

Poverty Analysis within a General Equilibrium Framework

"The main objective of this paper is to show how Social accounting Matrixes and computable general equilibrium models can be used to highlight and address issues related to income distribution and poverty. The paper is divided into two major parts...

Poverty and the Anthropometric Status of Children: A Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Households in Togo

"The aim of this study is thus to model and estimate the determinants of child malnutrition in Togo according to their area of residence. Specifically, the study measures and analyses the nutritional status of children, and assesses the impact of...

Poverty Reduction in Africa: Challenges and Policy Options

"The aim of this paper is to summarize the poverty situation in Africa as a continent, and to suggest practical measures for dealing with this debilitating and embarrassing condition. The money metric approach to poverty measurement underlies muc...

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