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BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2003

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing gives a discussion of the bond market in Botswana. We note that the shortage of domestic high-return, low risk investment, especially for the Public Officers Pension Fund, is one of the reasons that led to the launc…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2003

This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the slow down of real GDP growth under the following headings: Review of the GDP Growth, 2001 Population and Housing Census, Pula Exchange Rate Appreciation Erodes Competitiveness, and includes a Table with…

Realizing the Demographic Dividend: Is Africa any Different?

"The goal of this paper is to test whether the determinants of growth in general, and the effects of demography in particular, are different in Africa than for the rest of the world. The author shows that most Sub-Saharan countries have the potenti…

Responses by African Governments to the Global Economic and Financial Crisis and Lessons

"The paper focuses on the responses by African governments to the financial crisis and lessons. The authors blame the failure of the neo-liberal (laissez faire) policies of the multilateral institutions (World Bank and IMF) and excessive government …

Supply Response in the Context of Structural Adjustment in Sub Saharan Africa

"This document specifically identified the world recession, falling real commodity prices, declining export volume and terms of trade, rising interest rates and debt burden, as well as drought as the major factors responsible for Africa's economic c…

Food Security, Agricultural Policy & Environmental Interface: An African Perspective The Case of Botswana

"This paper begins with an outline of the Southern African region's background, then define food security in the region, and discuss food security issues in terms of macroeconomic and agricultural policy perspectives. In this paper, food security wi…

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth g…

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy, u…

Demographic Factors, Household Composition, Employment and Household Welfare

"This study has analysed two different Household Budget Survey(HBS) data to find out how the composition of poor households varies with the chosen method and index of distinguishing the households between poor and the non- poor. The objective of the…

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of data…

Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivity…

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local communi…

Land Degradation and Adoption of Conservation Technologies in the Digil Watershed Northern Highland of Ethiopia

"Determining the extent and rate of land degradation with empirical evidence has to underlie any conservation endeavour. This is because dimensions and rates of degradation vary with time and space,and hence empirical and local-scale studies are mor…

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of rur…

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to A…

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving man…

Income Distributional Effects of Economic Adjustment in Tanzania

"This study examines income distributional impacts of the economic adjustment policy measures that Tanzania has adopted since the early 1980s. The adjustment policies were in response to adverse shocks in the world economy and to undesirable domest…

Determinants of Expected Poverty Among Rural Households in Nigeria

"Vulnerability measures are becoming tools for evolving proactive steps to alleviate poverty. Against this backdrop, this study examined the determinants of expected poverty (a measure of vulnerability) among rural households in Nigeria. The main …

Determinants of Regional Poverty in Uganda

"The study sought in-depth knowledge of the key factors that account for regional poverty differentials in Uganda so as to contribute to more focused targeting of programmes for the poor. The research objectives were: to estimate the national and …

Determinants of Technical Efficiency Differentials Amongst Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers in Uganda: A Case of Tobacco Growers

"The principal objective of this study,using tobacco farmers as a case study, is to identify factors that influence their technical efficiencies. The specific objectives are twofold: First, the study seeks to estimate farmer-specific technical effi…

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