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SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 7

The contents include an address by the South African Minister of Foreign Affairs (Dr. Hilgard Muller), an address to the Nation by the Rhodesian Prime Minister (Ian D. Smith), a speech by H.E. Sir Seretse Khama (President of Botswana), and an interv…

Ethiopia: Ethnic Federalism and its Discontents

Excerpt: "The Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), led by its chairman and prime minister, Meles Zenawi, has radically reformed Ethiopia’s political system. The regime transformed the hitherto centralized state into the Feder…

Guinea: The Transition Has Only Just Begun

Excerpt: "The military junta that took control of the country just hours after President Conté’s death on 23 December 2008 has tightened its grip on power. The self-proclaimed president, Moussa Dadis Camara, and his group of mid-ranking officers cal…

Central African Republic: Untangling the Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Since the coup d’etat that brought President François Bozizé to power on 15 March 2003, the risk of renewed wider violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has never been greater than today. The opening of an inclusive political dialo…

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the preside…

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rule …

Sudan: Preventing Implosion

"Sudan is sliding towards violent breakup. The main mechanisms to end conflicts between the central government and the peripheries – the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the Darfur Peace Agreement and the East Sudan Peace Agreement – all suffer …

The Evolution and Development of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy in Zambia

The liberal democratic wave that swept through Africa after the collapse of the USSR and communist regimes in eastern Europe spelled an end to several one-party states and military governments on the continent. Among other things it prompted the for…

Frelimo and the transitional government of Mozambique: The Lusaka agreement

"In terms of the Lusaka Agreements the terms of which are reproduced in the first part of this paper, a transitional Government has been formed in Mozambique, whose task is to prepare for the coming of independence on 25 June, 1975, A High Commissi…

Changes in Dutch society and their implications for Netherlands-South African relations

This paper discusses the changes in Dutch society that influenced the political development of the country. The religious divide was the cause of discrimination. Therefore a system was developed to ensure the stability that the Dutch experience in t…

Détente in Southern Africa: Two views

Two views are explored in this report. In the first paper an evaluation of détente is explored. The first point has to do with the contrast between the international responses, on the one hand to South Africa, and on the other to inequality and the …

Local democracy and human security in Ethiopia: structural reasons for the failure of democratisation

"This report builds on the evidence and findings of our book and provides several examples of how elections were manipulated at a local level. It concludes that these examples are not insulated events. They are part of a political structure that al…

Lesotho's 2007 General Elections Towards a Constructive Management of Post-Election Disputes

"The primary goals of the conference were to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on the causes of and sustainable solutions to post-election disputes in Lesotho following its 2007 poll. To provide a regional forum on strategies and methodologies for …

Referenda in Seychelles and Madagascar: The run up to presidential elections

This report discusses the run-up to elections in the Seychelles and Madagascar. By the end of 1992, both states will have new governments where they have to accommodate an opposition movement in contrast to a single ruling party. In the Seychelle…

Political Parties: Development and Change in Malawi

"Multiparty democracy is becoming increasingly entrenched in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)region. The first stage of the programme focused on political parties and attempted to answer whether the transition improved the effectiv…

Political Parties and the Quest for Democratic Consolidation in Zambia

"This is a study of political parties in Zambia within the context of a wider regional programme on political parties and governance in Southern Africa. It seeks to establish the place of political parties in the Zambian political system. It also e…

Parties and Political Development in Namibia

"This study has investigated the nature of political parties in Namibia. Parties that were formed in the early 1960’s and 1970’s tend to look backwards into history to consolidate their support. But since the history of some of these parties has not…

Parties and Political Development in Tanzania

"This report presents findings from a study conducted in Tanzania for the EISA project on ‘Strengthening democracy through dialogue with parties.’ The overall aims of this project are to examine the functioning and regulation of parties in Tanzania …

Political Parties and Democratisation in Lesotho

"This study provides an analysis of the state of political parties in Lesotho. In investigating the state of parties we also pose a related question regarding the impact of party operations on the country’s democratization process. This study is not…

Reviewing good governance towards a methodology for the African Peer Review Mechanism

"The African commitment to good governance and the establishment of the APRM under Nepad was crucial in persuading the West (especially the G8 countries) to support the new initiative, and, more importantly, there is also a real need for such a refo…

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