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Reconciling Living Customary Law and Democratic Decentralisation to Ensure Women's Land Rights Security

"The recent Constitutional Court judgment rendering the Communal Land Rights Act (CLARA) unconstitutional must not be allowed to throw decentralisation policy making into disarray. Decentralisation holds much potential for lively, participatory demo…

Tunisia: Confronting Social and Economic Challenges

"Eighteen months after initiating the Arab spring, Tunisia still can boast of an ongoing, successful transition. The former regime, which came to symbolise corruption and social injustice, is gone and democratic gains are palpable. Yet, formidable s…

Tunisia: Combatting Impunity, Restoring Security

"Since January 2011, not only has the former leader, President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, fallen from power, but an entire system has been overwhelmed, if not overhauled, relatively peacefully and with the support of a fairly broad consensus. The coun…

The Changing Nature of Large-Scale Commercial Farming and Implications for Agrarian Reform: Evidence from Limpopo, Western Cape and Northern Cape

"The privileged position of white commercial farmers in South Africa came to an end by the early 1990s, when political and policy changes removed the certainty provided by controlled marketing, protective tariffs and weak legislation regulating res…

SA Reconciliation Barometer Report 2010

"Section II analyses survey results related to human security, and finds that despite moderate recent improvements in perceptions of physical security, positive evaluations of economic security have declined between 2009 and 2010, and since the outs…

Intricacies of Land Restitution in Africa The Case of the Mkambati Community, South Africa

"This study illustrates the benefit of distinguishing between bonding and bridging social capital. It also shows that collective action reinforces bonding social capital, but that to attain large-scale goals commonly requires both bonding and bridg…

The Collapse of Gbagbo’s Regime and Ouattara’s Ascension Prospects and Challenges Ahead for Côte d’Ivoire

"Since December 2010, Côte d’Ivoire has witnessed the recurrence of a political crisis which was triggered by disputed presidential elections. This political crisis was a brutal assault on the country’s hopes and aspirations for peace. It also chal…

Ethnicity and Arms Proliferation in the Great Lakes Region Challenges to Peace and Democracy

"It would be difficult to assume that the Rwandan genocide of 1994 was not predicted and far less difficult to think it could have been prevented. The genocide represents a high point of a diabolic pseudo-Fascist plan by the majority Hutu to establi…

Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa: An Assessment of the Relevance of the Constitutive Act of the African Union

"The Constitutive Act of the African Union marks a new era in institution-building in post-colonial Africa. It is conceived as an aspect of Africa’s response to the challenges of globalisation and regional integration. The Constitutive Act, amended …

The Evolution and Development of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy in Zambia

The liberal democratic wave that swept through Africa after the collapse of the USSR and communist regimes in eastern Europe spelled an end to several one-party states and military governments on the continent. Among other things it prompted the for…

Frelimo and the transitional government of Mozambique: The Lusaka agreement

"In terms of the Lusaka Agreements the terms of which are reproduced in the first part of this paper, a transitional Government has been formed in Mozambique, whose task is to prepare for the coming of independence on 25 June, 1975, A High Commissi…

Changes in Dutch society and their implications for Netherlands-South African relations

This paper discusses the changes in Dutch society that influenced the political development of the country. The religious divide was the cause of discrimination. Therefore a system was developed to ensure the stability that the Dutch experience in t…

Détente in Southern Africa: Two views

Two views are explored in this report. In the first paper an evaluation of détente is explored. The first point has to do with the contrast between the international responses, on the one hand to South Africa, and on the other to inequality and the …

Local democracy and human security in Ethiopia: structural reasons for the failure of democratisation

"This report builds on the evidence and findings of our book and provides several examples of how elections were manipulated at a local level. It concludes that these examples are not insulated events. They are part of a political structure that al…

Lesotho's 2007 General Elections Towards a Constructive Management of Post-Election Disputes

"The primary goals of the conference were to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on the causes of and sustainable solutions to post-election disputes in Lesotho following its 2007 poll. To provide a regional forum on strategies and methodologies for …

Referenda in Seychelles and Madagascar: The run up to presidential elections

This report discusses the run-up to elections in the Seychelles and Madagascar. By the end of 1992, both states will have new governments where they have to accommodate an opposition movement in contrast to a single ruling party. In the Seychelle…

Political Parties: Development and Change in Malawi

"Multiparty democracy is becoming increasingly entrenched in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)region. The first stage of the programme focused on political parties and attempted to answer whether the transition improved the effectiv…

Political Parties and the Quest for Democratic Consolidation in Zambia

"This is a study of political parties in Zambia within the context of a wider regional programme on political parties and governance in Southern Africa. It seeks to establish the place of political parties in the Zambian political system. It also e…

Parties and Political Development in Namibia

"This study has investigated the nature of political parties in Namibia. Parties that were formed in the early 1960’s and 1970’s tend to look backwards into history to consolidate their support. But since the history of some of these parties has not…

Parties and Political Development in Tanzania

"This report presents findings from a study conducted in Tanzania for the EISA project on ‘Strengthening democracy through dialogue with parties.’ The overall aims of this project are to examine the functioning and regulation of parties in Tanzania …

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