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Côte d'Ivoire's 2015 Presidential Election : A Sign of Democratic Progress?

Côte d’Ivoire’s 2015 presidential election, was the first since multiparty elections were introduced in 1990 in which all major parties were able to compete without triggering a civil war. This paper examines the extent of democratic progress regist…

High Poverty Levels in the Face of Sustainable Economic Growth in Zambia

The highlights of this report are mainly as follows: Unprecedented growth was recorded in Zambia for more than a decade after recording an average growth rate of 7.2 % per annum. Growth over this period was achieved by a combination of factors which…

Emerging Trends in Africa's Electoral Processes

"The quest for competitive elections in Africa, with the modest gains made since the 1990s towards deepening democratisation, continues to underpin the continent’s efforts to create stable and growing democracies. Since the post-Cold War transition …

Still no Alternative? Popular views of the Opposition in Southern Africa's One-party Dominant Regimes

Following decades of authoritarian rule, multiparty democracy re-emerged in a “wave” of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa during the early 1990s. Twenty-nine countries in the region held founding elections – first competitive elections after an …

Democratic Devolution: Structuring Citizen Participation in Sub-National Governance

Public participation has become a central concern of modern democratic politics. It is increasingly recognised that citizens have the right to ongoing involvement in their own governance, and that systems to facilitate it need to be put in place. Co…

The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Berlin, Germany, hosted a colloquium in Berlin, from 30 to 31 August 2012, on “The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality”. The Africa…

South Africa in Southern Africa

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a policy advisory group seminar at Erinvale Estate, Western Cape, South Africa, from 19 to 20 November 2012 on “South Africa in Southern Africa”. The meeting focused on seven …

Voter Behaviour in Somaliland

The main aim of the study was to understand voter behaviour in Somaliland, with a particular focus on the upcoming presidential elections. Specifically, the study objectives were: To measure attitudes towards the National Election Commission (NEC)…

Democracy in Somaliland: Challenges and Opportunities

The people of Somaliland went to the polls on 26th June 2010 to elect the President and Vice President of the Republic for the second time in a period of 50 years, counting from the date of independence in 1960. The election dates were extended se…

Governance and Security Challenges in Post Apartheid Southern Africa

This report by the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, considers the key governance and security challenges facing Southern Africa, with a focus on the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-region’s…

The African Union at Ten: Problems, Progress and Prospects

The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of post-independence pan-Africanism with the birth of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in May 1963. As the golden jubilee is celebrated, this report reflects on the hopes for an “African Renaissance” …

The Challenge of Constitutionalism and Separation of Powers Doctrine in South Sudan

This paper aims at exploring the practice of the concept of constitutionalism in South Sudan. Particularly, it assesses the extent to which the doctrine of separation of powers is practiced as it relates to vertical and horizontal power relationship…

HIV/Aids and Militaries in Southern Africa

The seminar followed an earlier meeting organised by the CCR and UNAM on the theme, “Strengthening Namibia’s Chair of the SADC Organ: HIV/AIDS and Southern Africa’s Security Architecture”, in Windhoek, Namibia, in November 2005. This meeting examin…

Are South Africa's Youth Really a 'Ticking Time Bomb'?

"This paper reviews longitudinal survey data on South Africa’s political culture produced by the Institute for Democracy in South Africa (1994-1998) and Afrobarometer (2000-2011) and finds that while there are real problems with democratic citizen…

Maintaining Momentum? Civil Society and the APRM in Zambia

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is intended to assist member states to identify and eradicate governance problems. The review of Zambia found positives as well as negatives in the country’s governance practices. Without the participation o…

Will Rising Democracies Adopt Pro-Human Rights Foreign Policies?

"Democratic governments worldwide behave hypocritically when it comes to human rights and foreign policy. The international community should hold them accountable and help them to close the gap between rhetoric and practice. As democratisation unfol…

2013 Elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe: Lessons for Africa and Beyond

"The 2013 elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe took place in the context of both optimism and fear. Held under new constitutional dispensations that promised democratic progress, these were ‘first-generation’ elections that followed the gruesome electora…

Strengthening Ghana's Electoral System : A Precondition for Stability and Development

Inextricably interwoven with elections, is the democratization process. Political party engagement stems from the aggregation of political ideas through political parties so that a meaningful political competition can take place. Hence, to rig an el…

Zimbabwe and South Africa: Security Takes Precedence Over Economy

"South Africa and its partners in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) removed Zimbabwe from its agenda following the July 2013 elections in Zimbabwe, which saw Zanu-PF return to power. The decision by SADC to end regional monitoring fo…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 7, no. 2, 2007

"This issue is the second special edition. What readers will find in this issue, are frank descriptions and discussions of the divisiveness and belligerency that may be caused or propagated by any obsession with identity. When leaders and followers …

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