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Somalia: The Trouble with Puntland

Excerpt: "The semi-autonomous north-eastern Somali region of Puntland, once touted as a success of the 'building blocks' approach to reestablishing national stability and widely viewed as one of the most prosperous parts of Somalia, is experiencing…

Zimbabwe: Engaging the Inclusive Government

Excerpt: "After nearly a year of seemingly endless talks brokered by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zimbabwe’s long-ruling ZANU-PF party and the two factions of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) formed a coaliti…

Guinea-Bissau: Building a Real Stability Pact

Excerpt: "November 2008 legislative elections were an important test for Guinea-Bissau, whose transition to democratic rule badly needed impetus. It was uncertain whether they would take place until the last minute, but they were praised by both cit…

Ending Zimbabwe's Nightmare: A Possible Way Forward

Excerpt: "The inter-party negotiations that have sought to end Zimbabwe’s political, economic and now full-blown humanitarian crisis following the fraudulent June 2008 presidential election run-off are hopelessly deadlocked. Robert Mugabe and his ZA…

Burundi : Restarting Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Despite progress in implementing a peace agreement with the Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People - National Forces of Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL), the last active rebel movement, Burundi is going through a dangerous political crisis…

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the roo…

Guinea: Ensuring Democratic Reforms

Excerpt: "The political and economic change Guineans demanded in 2007 at the cost of nearly 200 lives is in jeopardy. Dismissal on 20 May 2008 of Prime Minister Lansana Kouyaté and his replacement by Tidiane Souaré, a close ally of President Lansana…

Congo: Four Priorities for Sustainable Peace in Ituri

Excerpt: "The risk of renewed violence in Ituri is limited today by the presence of the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC), the dismantling of the majority of armed groups and the local population’s war weariness after years of suffering and destructio…

Côte d’Ivoire: Ensuring Credible Elections

Excerpt: "Côte d’Ivoire continues towards peace one year after the ex-Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebellion leader Guillaume Soro was appointed prime minister by his former adversary, President Laurent Gbagbo, but violence could still return. All actors m…

The Evolution and Development of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy in Zambia

The liberal democratic wave that swept through Africa after the collapse of the USSR and communist regimes in eastern Europe spelled an end to several one-party states and military governments on the continent. Among other things it prompted the for…

Managing Resources and the Democratic Order: The Experience of Botswana

"Africa is a potentially rich continent that remains one of the poorest in the world. For most African countries, an abundance of resources has not only contributed to underdevelopment but has undermined democracy. Public office is a major source of…

Democracy and Accountability: Balancing Majority Rule and Minority Rights

This paper identifies accountability as the essential ingredient required to make the ideals of constitutionalism a reality. The author offers a definition in which three tests for constitutionalism are set out. These are, firstly, limitations on th…

Malawi: The erratic pulse of the warm heart of Africa

"Malawi after President Banda's rule is challenged with democratic reform, economic development and growth. This report discusses the numerous problems in the transition of a country that is landlocked, in debt and highly illiterate with low levels …

Kabila is dead - Long live Kabila? Prospects for stability and recovery in the DRC

"This report examines the prospects for recovery in the DRC through a background description of the Congo during the two stages of Kabila's rule. The current economic environment and reforms is discussed and the posibility of political stability, ec…

Southern Africa in retrospect: The views of two foreign correspondents

This paper is the viewpoint of the political situation in South Africa during the 1970s as experienced by two foreign correspondents. They describe the situation in South Africa as they perceived it and how the changes in Zimbabwe and Namibia influe…

Trends in Southern Africa and the role of Bophuthatswana

In his address President Lucas Mangope stated that the search for freedom, harmony, peace and properity for all is the greatest concern for Southern Africa. The implications of the alternative are loss of freedom and peace. The north-South polarity …

South West Africa/Namibia: The south African Government's response to the U.N Secretary-General's report on teh implementation of the Western proposal

This is the statement of the Prime Minister John Vorster on the issue of South West Africa in 1978. South West Africa was administered as a mandated territory and since 1946 South Africa made it their policy to continue the administering. The South …

The Rhodesian Constitutional dispute: Black majority rule or meritocracy?

Black Africa’s association of colonial rule with special protection of minorities and with refusal to acknowledge the rightful claims of the majority has had unfortunate long-term consequences for whites in Africa. Constitutional proposals reserving…

Chapter XI (i.e. articles 73 & 74) of the United Nations Charter and a self governing Transkei

This paper deals with the question of Transkeian independence and if this territory will fall within Article 73 that deals with Non-Self-governing territories. The solution to this is however not easy to find and as Transkei is still dependend on So…

Adjustment of whites to black rule in East and West Africa

The aim of this paper is to explain the adjustment Whites face to cope with the Black independently ruled countries in Africa. A number of misperceptions created by the media and others is being placed in perspective. Immigration and integration is…

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