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Democracy Works 2014 The Democratic Alternative from the South India, Brazil, and South Africa

In this report, the achievements of the past twenty-five years were examined, and it looked particularly at the progress made which is often not sufficiently acknowledged either within these countries or by outsiders. The problem of corruption is th…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 1, 2015

"Democratisation in Africa: The role of self-enforcing constitutional rules’ discusses the long-run implications for civil conflict in Africa of this partial widening and deepening of democracy. Drawing on economic ideas about contracts and institut…

Africa's Democracy: "Is the Environment Enabling or Disenabling"

The State of the Union Report addresses what lies above and below Africa’s current development trajectory. Too often we only ask what must be done and how it should be done but we seldom ask why our development efforts sometimes works in a sustained…

Presidential Term Limits: A New African Foreign Policy Challenge

"A coup d’état in Burkina Faso in October 2014 thwarted attempts by West Africa’s former regional strongman Blaise Compaoré to extend his stay in power. A few months later, in May 2015, an attempted coup in Burundi sought to settle simmering tensio…

A Good Governance Driver: Is the African Peer Review Mechanism up to it?

"The introduction of the AU’s Agenda 2063 means that yet another governance initiative has entered the African political landscape. This policy briefing examines the place of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) within Agenda 2063, as well as th…

Moving Beyond Africa's Crisis of Institutions

"This paper explains the dysfunctional state of African institutions and suggests possible interventions for effective and resilient institutions at the national, regional and continental level. It argues that institutional failure in Africa can be …

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

From the Nakuru County Peace accord (2010-2012) to Lasting Peace

"The case study examines the post-election violence of 2007-2008 within a wider historical context of ethnic-based conflict. It reveals the critical role of four groups – male Elders from the Gikuyu and the Kalenjin communities, the National Cohesi…

Mauritius and its First Woman President

The appointment of the first woman president of Mauritius, Ameenah Gurib-Fakim marked a momentous occasion in the political history of the island. As president of Mauritius, what is her job description as set out in the Constitution if not to uphold…

Citizens in Action Making Peace in the Post Election Crisis in Kenya

This paper presents in some detail the story of a citizen diplomacy group, the Concerned Citizens for Peace (CCP), whose initiatives helped to rally the country toward dialogue and negotiations, thus serving as a precursor to the formal mediation pr…

Somaliland at the Crossroads Protecting a Fragile Stability

The first section of this report examines Somaliland’s political landscape ahead of the next presidential elections. It is looking at weaknesses in the political system and potential areas of instability. Most pressing is the territory’s failure to …

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Who Really Governs Urban Ghana ?

"Ghana is one of Africa’s most urbanised – and rapidly urbanising – countries. In the past three decades, the number of city dwellers has risen from four to 14 million; more than 5.5 million live in slums. Urban growth exerts intense pressure on go…

Parliament of Kenya Parliamentary Service Commission Eleventh Parliament Concept Note - Formation of a Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making

In this concept note the formation of the Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making is proposed. The membership of this informal network will comprise of both the members of National Assembly as well as Senate who are c…

Parliament's Role in the Fight Against Corruption

Ghana embarked, in the late eighties and early nineties on an agitation for Good Governance. We demanded: Human Rights, Media Freedom, Law and Order, Personal Liberties and Parliamentary Democracy. These were the governance challenges at the time.…

The rocky path from elections to a new constitution in Tunisia: Mechanisms for consensus-building and inclusive decision-making

"This paper outlines some of the innovative mechanisms for consensus-building and inclusive decision-making deployed in Tunisia since the 2011 elections. Much interest has been generated by the Yemeni national dialogue, with countries from Libya to …

Political Freedoms and Interest has yet to Translate into Mandela's Vision of Participatory Democracy in Africa

"Democratic political systems rely on citizen participation, building wider channels of integration and richer networks of association, for their consolidation. Citizen participation can range from the bare minimum of voting to more active modes of …

An Assessment of the Progress made in the Implementation of the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action on Aid Effectiveness: A Focus on Mutual Accountability and Democratic Ownership Principles: The Case of Nigeria

"Foreign Aid represents one of the funds accessible to National and Sub-National governments in Nigeria for the execution of development projects and programmes. As part of the deliberate will to ensure the good management, ownership and accountabil…

Les Malgaches deviennent plus critiques vis-à-vis du fonctionnement de leur démocratie / Malagasy grow increasingly critical of how their democracy is working

In Madagascar most citizens support democracy but are dissatisfied with its implementation. A large majority of Madagascans reject undemocratic regimes as an ideal form of government. Most of the Malagasy population prefer free and fair elections to…

Botswana's Democratic Consolidation: What will it take?

"This paper aimed to analyze popular understanding of democracy and levels of its legitimation and institutionalization in Botswana. Overall, while citizens’ understanding of democracy is high, their demand for democracy and perceptions of its imple…

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