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Indirect Colonial Rule and the Political Salience of Ethnicity

"This paper identifies indirect colonial rule as an important determinant of whether ethnicity becomes politically salient in the post-colonial context. We first demonstrate the existence of a cross-national relationship between indirect colonial ru…

#Hashtag: An Analysis of the #FeesMustFall Movement at South African Universities

"Student-led protests gained momentum in 2015/16 and spread across the country. The #FeesMustFall movement sparked heated debates on fee increases in universities. Other demands by students included the decolonisation of the educational system, tran…

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in South Africa: an Empirical Assessment

This paper has attempted to understand how socio-economic factors influence crime in South Africa at the police precinct level. We find that the relationships between crime and these variables are influenced by the type of crime (property, robbery…

Organization of African Unity Summit Conference July 1978

This article is a report on the African Union Summit attended by 34 African Leaders. "The Summit made little progress in trying to end the various wars and border disputes in Africa, but it did agree on a number of initiatives aimed at settling, by …

Resisting Development in Kenya’s Lamu District: A Postcolonial Reading

"The Kenyan government’s plan to build a seaport in Lamu District has been met with vehement resistance by the indigenous residents of the District. Residents have raised concerns that the government has wilfully failed to include them in any part o…

Rhodesia - The British Commonwealth conference

This document concerns the relevance of the September Commonwealth Conference to the conflict between Britain and Rhodesia. The African members made clear their intention to discuss Rhodesia and the subject came close to wrecking the Commonwealth. T…

Djibouti Independence

This brief report gives a background of Djibouti’s independence on 27 June 1977. It then looks at Djibouti’s basic facts such as area, population, G.N.P, resources, the railway and port, political parties and its neighbours. Djibouti is then looked …

Détente or aggression? - South Africa's Namibian policy

This paper explains that Namibian independence is determined by South African interests in the region, and that Namibian independence will only happen when South Africa wants it, according to its preconditions. The weak link in South Africa’s region…

Egypt’s Evolving Role in Africa: A Sub-Saharan Perspective; A presentation at the Institute of Diplomatic Studies, Cairo

"Talking about the role of a country in a specific region means, to a large extent, talking about its foreign policy vis-à-vis that region. One could therefore write the title of this presentation as “Egypt’s foreign policy towards Africa” or “Egypt…

Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in the…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 58

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: • Namibia - Extracts from the Constitution of the Republic of Namibia, effective 21 March 1990. - Statement by the UN Secretary-General, Dr. Perez de Cuellar, at Namibia Independence ce…

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understanding…

Rhodesia: the opening of negotiations

It is essential that the negotiations around the independence of Rhodesia is increasing. Several discussions between different parties has been taking place and the sanction card was exhausted but still no agreement was reached. The possiblity of an…

The Southern African Development Community (SADC): Heading North?

The focus of this paper is the economic development of the countries in the SADC region, and the influence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the SADC region. It describes the reign of Mobuto and the collapse of the infrastructure in the Con…

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. Howev…

Why is Ghana so Poor, yet Rich underneath the Soil?

On the 14th of February, 2019, the Ministry of Finance announced what is described as the biggest oil find in Africa, 450 million – 550 million barrels, with potential reserves of nearly 1 billion barrels of oil. Fortuitously, this new “find” has oc…

Under Invested: The Caribbean-African Relationship

Caribbean and African ties run deep. They are based on a shared history, culture, and sense of a common identity forged by the slave trade which forcibly relocated more than 10 million Africans to the New World, in the process, creating large centre…

Burkina Faso: Conflict Insight

Considered as a model of stability for at least two decades in a region destabilised by crises (Liberia and Sierra Leone from the late 1980s to the early 2000s, Côte d’Ivoire 2002-2011 and Mali since 2012), Burkina Faso was shaken in 2014 by popular…

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