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Re-envisioing Gender Justice in African Customary Law through Traditional Institutions

"Securing gender justice – gender equality – between the sexes in a cultural milieu elicits much debate among policymakers, human rights activists and traditional institutions. This paper discusses the attempts that have been made to protect the r...

Cultures in Conflict Challenges of Marriage and Divorce under Zimbabwe’s Dual Legal System

The analysis in this paper gives an account of the perspectives of the people of Chiwundura on Zimbabwe's current legal system which combines the application of Roman Dutch Law and Zimbabwe's Customary Law. Arising conflicts are explained as a re...

CCMT Annual Report 2013

This annual report celebrates the 10 year anniversary of CCMT. Our work has seen the growth in the organisation's appreciation of conflict and the dynamics that result from conflict. The link between development and conflict has become increasingl...

Reconciling Living Customary Law and Democratic Decentralisation to Ensure Women's Land Rights Security

"The recent Constitutional Court judgment rendering the Communal Land Rights Act (CLARA) unconstitutional must not be allowed to throw decentralisation policy making into disarray. Decentralisation holds much potential for lively, participatory de...

Tribal Land Administration in Botswana

"Decentralising the administration of communally-owned land to a local system in Botswana was a sound objective and could be pursued elsewhere in the region. Yet, despite Botswana having grappled relatively successfully with many of the land cha...

Women's Access to Land in the Former Bantustans: Constitutional Conflict, Customary Law, Democratisation and the Role of the State

"The transition to local democratic institutions in the former bantustans of South Africa will not in itself fulfil the constitutional imperative for the promotion of gender equality, specifically in relation to women's access to land. In order f...

The Tragic African Commons: A Century of Expropriation, Suppresion and Subversion

"This paper examines the nature of the African commons as a property system; analyses the extent of damage which was inflicted upon it during one hundred years of exploitation, suppression and subversion; explains why, in spite of that damage, th...

The Communal Land Rights Act and Women: Does the Act Remedy or Entrench Discrimination and the Distortion of the Customary?

"This paper discusses the likely impact of the Communal Land Rights Act (CLRA) of 2004 on the land rights of rural women. It asks whether the Act is likely to enhance or undermine tenure security, not only for women, but for rural people in genera...

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender r...

A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and t...

The Criminal Justice System in Zambia

"This policy brief discusses the efficacy of Zambia’s criminal justice system by focusing primarily on crime, policing, prosecution, the judiciary, prison service, customary justice and international instruments. Virtually all these facets share ...

Criminal Justice System in Sierra Leone

"This policy brief assesses the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone and makes pertinent recommendations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the system. It focuses on policing and prosecution, prisons, the judiciary, access to just...

Sierra Leone A Country Review of Crime and Criminal Justice, 2008

"The overall objective of this study was to generate data and information that can be used to review the scale of crime and the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone, one of the African countries undergoing the African Peer Review Mechanism (APR...

The Criminal Justice System in Zambia Enhancing the Delivery of Security in Africa

"The outcome of the study indicates that Zambia needs to undertake major reforms in its criminal justice system to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Many important protocols in this area have not yet been ratified, while the country’s capaci...

The “Econo-Legal” Implications of Mortgage of Right of Occupancy: A Hammer or an Illusion

The Land Use Act 1978 was intended to ensure citizens access to land in Nigeria by vesting ownership of all land within the territory of a State in the Federation on the Governor of that State. However, the interpretation and operation of this A...

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