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A Place for Tradition in an Effective Criminal Justice System Customary Justice in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"This policy brief summarises research made in three African states into both the official and informal roles of customary law and attitudes towards it. The research aims to understand the role custom currently plays in African legal systems and t...

Improving Africa’s Prisons Prison Policy in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"To address the crisis in the prison systems of the states examined here, action is required to increase both the capacity of detention facilities and funding of prison systems. Additionally, legal and sentencing issues must be addressed to reduc...

Criminal Justice System in Sierra Leone

"This policy brief assesses the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone and makes pertinent recommendations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the system. It focuses on policing and prosecution, prisons, the judiciary, access to just...

The International Criminal Court that Africa Wants

"The monograph argues that it is imperative that Africa’s 31 members of the ICC are encouraged to take seriously their obligations under the Rome Statute to ensure accountability for perpetrators, and that the 53 members of the AU are called to af...

Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have mo...

The Theory and Practice of Criminal Justice in Africa

"In this monograph, four eminent critics and researchers examine the theory and practice of criminal justice in Africa.This monograph provides us with an important opportunity to engage in the debate through exploring various themes on the express...

A Pyrrhic Victory? Mandatory and Minimum Sentences in South Africa

"This paper examines some of the arguments that have been raised for and against the present sentencing regime, and highlights the need for comprehensive sentencing reform in South Africa. The paper also examines some key questions: Are mandatory...

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes’ and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The first objective was to lay the foundation for greater cooperation between the African Union (AU) and the ICC. The second, and related, objective was to highlight the problems and politics (both domestically within African states and regionall...

Towards Global Justice in the 21st Century?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the broader significance of these developments, with specific focus on the impetus given to the creation of three further specialised criminal tribunals to prosecute those who allegedly violated international...

Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Un...

The Pros and Cons of the Criminal Jurisdiction of the Proposed African Court of Justice and Human Rights

"The problem of enforcement of human rights has always been a challenge in Africa. Many have sought a structural solution to this problem in the form of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) whose judgements would be indisputably ...

Africa's Evolving Continental Court Structures: At the Crossroads?

"Heads of state and government (HOSG) in Africa, through the African Union (AU), have for some time expressed particular concern about two developments in current international criminal justice – the exercise of universal jurisdiction and the wo...

The International Criminal Court: Challenges of Victim Assistance, Participations and Reparations

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was designed to be more victim focused than previous tribunals, promoting elements of restorative and retributive justice. Victims have the right to be heard as legal participants at the ICC, and can receiv...

The International Criminal Court and the Trial of Charles Taylor Implications for Africa

"This policy brief puts into perspective the trial of the former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for his clandestine role in Sierra Leone Civil War of 1991–2002. The brief gives a critical analysis o...

Uganda and the International Criminal Court: Debates and Developments

"Uganda was the first country targeted for intervention by the International Criminal Court (ICC). This intervention prompted three critical discussions about international criminal justice: ‘peace vs. justice,’ ‘selective justice,’ and ‘intern...

Libya and the Responsibility to Protect Between Opportunistic Humanitarianism and Value-Free Pragmatism

"In both Libya and Côte d’Ivoire, regimes that had lost domestic and international legitimacy declared war on their own people. In both, global political responses were shaped by universal values as well as strategic interests. Because the UN is ...

The African Union Peace and Security Council A five-year appraisal

"The African Union(AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) was operationalised in March 2004 and celebrated its fifth anniversary in 2009. The Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (PSC Protocol...

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