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The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only t...

Somalia The Endless Search for Peace

"Somalia, and Mogadishu in particular, has been aptly described as “the Hell on Earth.” This description is based on the level of destruction and human suffering that has been going on since 1991. There is no respite in sight despite the endless n...

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection...

Privatisation of security and military functions and the demise of the Modern Nation-State in Africa

"The overarching aim of this paper is to interrogate how the increasing commodification of violence, as embodied by the PSI in general, and PMCs in particular, challenges the notion of the Weberian state. That is, whether the privatisation of sec...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

Arresting Corruption in Africa: Role of the Youth

Young people are most exposed to and hardest hit by corruption in Africa. Corruption remains a major obstacle to the continent’s social, political and economic transformation, and the causal relationship between corruption and instability is parti...

Repositioning the AU’s role in Counter-Terrorism Operations

One of the ways that the African Union (AU) addresses threats to Africa’s security is by authorising or deploying counter-terrorism operations. Such operations are related to, but distinct from peace support operations, which are an AU statutory t...

Violent Extremism in South Africa: Assessing the Current Threat

This report presented an overview of South Africa’s post-apartheid experience of violent extremism and assesses the threat that violent extremism currently poses to the country. A brief overview is also provided of government's responses to this ...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.2 March-April 2016

"The articles submitted for this issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin interrogate and explore many of the contradictions alluded to earlier in the fusion of peace-building, humanitarianism and developmental interventions. The article by Jens Peder...

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

In several West Afican countries, terrorist activities have assumed an alarming dimension. Various measures by states and international actors have achieved minimal success in the fight against terrorists. This brief calls for effective implementa...

All Bark No Bite State Cooperation and the International Criminal Court

In this report, the history of the Kenya Government’s failure to cooperate with the ICC leading to the collapse of the Kenyatta case was chronicled. It identifies gaps in the cooperation enforcement regime of the Rome statute and offers some sugge...

Preventing Violent Extremism in East Africa: Lessons from Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda

Initiatives to prevent and counter violent extremism in East Africa are being implemented by numerous organisations and are receiving significant funding to address the drivers behind violent extremism in the region. This report examined such proj...

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