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Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection...

Crime and Policing in Transitions: Comparative Perspectives

“The following discussion broadly reflects the debate which took place at the conference. It does not attempt to be a summary of all the papers presented but instead seeks to give a flavour of both the issues discussed and some of the tentative co...

Civilian (In)security in the Darfur Region of Sudan

"This paper aims to examine the extent of the protection of civilians in the Darfur region of Sudan. Furthermore, it explores efforts by the AU and the international community to resolve the conflict. To this end, the paper will interrogate the f...

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief...

Border Security in Ghana: Challenges and Prospects

"This paper has therefore examined the dynamics as it pertains to Ghana and has identified among others that the institutional challenges centre around lack of modern border infrastructure and facilities, capacity building of the agents directly i...

Liberia: A Briefing Paper on the TRC Report

"The main purpose of this policy brief is to critically examine, and provide a capsule analysis and nuanced understanding of the context, mandate, reactions and key issues emerging out of the TRC report and recommendations. Subsequently, the ess...

Whither Human Rights in African International Relations?

"Strict observance of state sovereignty, once a mainstay of international relations, has given way to a global concern to protect human rights wherever they are threatened. On paper, at least, Africa shares this international commitment in its est...

Crime as business, Business as crime: West African criminal networks in Southern Africa

"Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population as the source of lawless activity in the region. Given the dynamic nature of West African criminal networks in the region and their apparent rapid growth, such a study ...

Dystopia and Disengagement: Diaspora Attitudes Towards South Africa

“In 2008, South African Brandon Huntley was given refugee status in Canada by the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). The unprecedented decision, based on Huntley’s claim that as a white South African he was the victim of racial persecut...

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against human...

Moving Forward Traditional Justice and Victim Participation in Northern Uganda

"Traditional justice practices are increasingly considered as a potential mechanism for conflict resolution and transitional justice. Northern Uganda is a case in point: traditional justice practices such as Mato Oput are about to be used for reso...

Gender Justice and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

"The war in Northern Uganda between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Government of Uganda (GoU) forces dates back to 1986. In 2006, the Juba Peace Talks were held between the GoU and the LRA, mediated by Riek Machar, the Vice President of Sout...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2013

"The Evolving Mediation Capacity of the Southern African Development Community' outlines the progress that SADC has made in its capacity to respond to political conflicts in the Southern African region through mediation. In ‘Political Deadlock in ...

The ICC and the Culture of Impunity ICC Warrant of Arrest against President Bashir of the Sudan

"The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) member states’ adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) in 1981 in Nairobi, Kenya, marked a milestone development in terms of the human rights normative framework on the African ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until rec...

Kenya Transitional Justice Network : Summary Truth, Justice and Reconciliation

This summary was produced to enable Kenyans to have access to a user friendly, easy to read version of the report, and to generate public discussions on the main aspects raised. The TJRC focused on investigating and establishing a record of 'gross...

South Africans Bemoan the Presence of Foreigners in their Spaces

"The most recent attacks on foreigners in Soweto and Kagiso that resulted in the deaths of 6 people and the looting of over 70 foreign owned shops, raises critical questions about the security of foreigners in a country that prides itself in the p...

South Africans Disapprove of Government's Performance on Unemployment, Housing, Crime

"A new Afrobarometer survey shows that unemployment remains the most important problem for government to address, cited as one of their three top priorities by nearly three-quarters of the survey respondents. In a list of citizen priorities that i...

The Zimbabwe Torture Docket Decision and Proactive Complementarity

"The decision of a landmark case heard in the South African Constitutional Court means there is an obligation for states to complement the work of the International Criminal Court – extending the court’s influence in prosecuting serious crimes of...

Africa : From “Cradle of Mankind” to “Spare Parts” of Mankind?

Some solutions to the problem of organ trading is: the narrowing gap of the inequalities, developing legislation on organ transplant, implementations of international conventions, controlling forced migrations, awareness creations, punishing traff...

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