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Civilian (In)security in the Darfur Region of Sudan

"This paper aims to examine the extent of the protection of civilians in the Darfur region of Sudan. Furthermore, it explores efforts by the AU and the international community to resolve the conflict. To this end, the paper will interrogate the f...

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief...

Border Security in Ghana: Challenges and Prospects

"This paper has therefore examined the dynamics as it pertains to Ghana and has identified among others that the institutional challenges centre around lack of modern border infrastructure and facilities, capacity building of the agents directly i...

Liberia: A Briefing Paper on the TRC Report

"The main purpose of this policy brief is to critically examine, and provide a capsule analysis and nuanced understanding of the context, mandate, reactions and key issues emerging out of the TRC report and recommendations. Subsequently, the ess...

Whither Human Rights in African International Relations?

"Strict observance of state sovereignty, once a mainstay of international relations, has given way to a global concern to protect human rights wherever they are threatened. On paper, at least, Africa shares this international commitment in its est...

Crime as business, Business as crime: West African criminal networks in Southern Africa

"Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population as the source of lawless activity in the region. Given the dynamic nature of West African criminal networks in the region and their apparent rapid growth, such a study ...

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection...

Crime and Policing in Transitions: Comparative Perspectives

“The following discussion broadly reflects the debate which took place at the conference. It does not attempt to be a summary of all the papers presented but instead seeks to give a flavour of both the issues discussed and some of the tentative co...

The ICC and the Culture of Impunity ICC Warrant of Arrest against President Bashir of the Sudan

"The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) member states’ adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) in 1981 in Nairobi, Kenya, marked a milestone development in terms of the human rights normative framework on the African ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until rec...

Kenya Transitional Justice Network : Summary Truth, Justice and Reconciliation

This summary was produced to enable Kenyans to have access to a user friendly, easy to read version of the report, and to generate public discussions on the main aspects raised. The TJRC focused on investigating and establishing a record of 'gross...

South Africans Bemoan the Presence of Foreigners in their Spaces

"The most recent attacks on foreigners in Soweto and Kagiso that resulted in the deaths of 6 people and the looting of over 70 foreign owned shops, raises critical questions about the security of foreigners in a country that prides itself in the p...

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories ar...

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain ...

South Africa in Africa: The Dilemmas of Foreign Policy and Human Rights

The main focus of the public dialogue “South Africa in Africa: National Interest Versus Human Rights?” was to discuss South Africa’s obligations to the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) generally, and its specific obligations towards ...

South Africa, the ICC and the UN Human Rights Council

This paper discussed two public dialogues whereby seven recommendations emerged from the talks. The first recommendation advises that civil society must maintain sustained pressure on South Africa not to withdraw from the ICC. The second was abo...

Preventing Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect: Challenges for the UN, Africa and the International Community

The agenda was organised around six case studies of genocide and/or mass atrocities that have occurred over the past two decades in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan’s Darfur region, reflectin...

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for on...

Africa : From “Cradle of Mankind” to “Spare Parts” of Mankind?

Some solutions to the problem of organ trading is: the narrowing gap of the inequalities, developing legislation on organ transplant, implementations of international conventions, controlling forced migrations, awareness creations, punishing traff...

Africa and the Growth of Violent Radicalization in the Name of Islam: The Need for a Doctrine Revision Approach

"The fourth Tana Forum focused on the topic of Secularism and Politicized Faith. The Forum was preceded two weeks earlier by the horrific massacre of university students in Kenya by violent Muslim radicals and ended just when innocent Ethiopian wo...

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