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Call the Police? Across Africa, Citizens Point to Police and Government Performance Issues on Crime

"Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national wealth…

Anti-Terrorism Measures in South Africa: Suspicious Transaction Reporting and Human Rights

The consistent increase in terrorist acts continues to be a major drawback to the development of countries. Terrorism became a serious risk and poses a huge threat to society. There are two factors that exacerbate this threat: first is the challeng…

“The Anti-Corruption Mandates of the Commission on Human Right and Administrative Justice and the Serious Fraud Office: A Duplication of Functions?”

"In recognition of corruption as a major obstacle to development, Ghana has over the past 18 years of the current constitutional dispensation initiated some useful institutional reforms and created a number of new constitutional and statutory watchd…

The Security Factor in Business Environment across Nigerian States

"This paper examines security as an important element of business environment across Nigerian states. Crime and Security are threats to social and economic life. It increases the cost of doing business, business risks and uncertainty. While official…

The End of Impunity? After the Kingpins, What Next for Guinea Bissau?

"In April 2013 a successful sting operation and an indictment by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) targeted two of Guinea-Bissau’s most notorious cocaine kingpins: the former chief of the Guinea-Bissau navy, Rear Admiral José Américo Bu…

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

In this policy brief the following theme is explored: how the design of the city has affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town. It does not purport to be comprehensive, though serves as an initial starting point for furthe…

Mapping Crime Networks in Southern Africa

The purpose of this policy brief is to support policies and measures against organised crime that are comprehensive, effective and sustainable. It specifically looks at the gathering, structuring, interpretation and use of data on crime networks and…

A Network of Violence Mapping a Criminal Gang Network in Cape Town

The study examined the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and types of interactions of a criminal network formed by a gang operating in Cape Town, South Africa. The analysis is based on data gathered from a case judgement in the Weste…

Counting the Covert Using Data to Understand Corruption in South Africa

Concern about corruption in South Africa has increased in recent years. There is often a lack of specificity when it is widely discussed. To address this problem a greater degree of precision is needed as to when corruption is reported on or analys…

Cape Town's Underworld Mapping a Protection Racket in the Central Business District

This paper discusses the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and the types of interactions and institutional effects of a criminal network. In this case study it is focused on security racketeering in Cape Town, South Africa. The ana…

The AU’s Cybercrime Response: A Positive Start, but Substantial Challenges ahead

Increasingly the private sector, individuals and African governments rely on the Internet to conduct sensitive transactions and store important data. African states are lagging behind in strengthening cybersecurity and fighting cybercrime. Cyber …

The illegal drug trade in Southern Africa

"Some three years after the demise of apartheid and South Africa's subsequent reemergence into the world community, the country has increasingly become a target of illegal drug merchants. Attracted by the country's relatively advanced communication…

Ghana after Rawlings

"Ghana is today at an important international, regional and domestic crossroads. The outcome of its journey could affect wider perceptions of the continent generally, and South African business interests specifically. Domestically, Rawlings has b…

Crime as business, Business as crime: West African criminal networks in Southern Africa

"Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population as the source of lawless activity in the region. Given the dynamic nature of West African criminal networks in the region and their apparent rapid growth, such a study is…

Crime, political transition and urban transformation in South Africa and Brazil

"Urban transformation is a critical part of any well-functioning city. The ability to modify and improve existing infrastructure, opportunities, facilities, etc. is essential to stay competitive in a global world.It is also necessary to adapt to th…

Confronting the Proceeds of Crime in Southern Africa An Introspection

"Prevention is intricately connected to the enforcement of the law against money laundering itself. Included under the structure of law enforcement is the requirement to define and criminalise money laundering connected to as wide a range of economi…

Missed Opportunities, The Role of Education, Health and Social Development in Preventing Crime

"This monograph assesses the policies, programmes and services provided by the Departments of Education, Health and Social Development, and explores the potential of these for impacting on social crime prevention in South Africa. This study is prima…

The Goldenberg Conspiracy The Game of Paper, Gold, Money and Power

"Goldenberg was a high level conspiracy by senior officials of the Moi administration in Kenya, together with local and international wheeler dealers, who capitalised on the government’s desperation for foreign exchange and the greed of the adminis…

AIDS, Orphans, Crime,and Instability Exploring the Linkages

"They paint alarming images of economically, politically, and socially disenfranchised hordes of youngsters wreaking havoc on the AIDS-ravaged communities of the future.Do children orphaned by AIDS represent a unique threat to security and stability…

Paying for Crime: South African Spending on Criminal Justice

"This paper explores how South Africa’s criminal justice system has evolved over the past decade by looking at the approach government has taken to resourcing it. It describes the growth in expenditure on criminal justice,disaggregating this between…

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