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Africa's Evolving Continental Court Structures: At the Crossroads?

"Heads of state and government (HOSG) in Africa, through the African Union (AU), have for some time expressed particular concern about two developments in current international criminal justice – the exercise of universal jurisdiction and the wo...

The Courts: Lights that Guide our Foreign Affairs

This paper specifically seeks to examine the role that South Africa’s courts might play, and how civil society might use the courts, in ensuring that the country’s foreign policy complies with human rights standards. It does so by reflecting on s...

The International Criminal Court: Challenges of Victim Assistance, Participations and Reparations

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was designed to be more victim focused than previous tribunals, promoting elements of restorative and retributive justice. Victims have the right to be heard as legal participants at the ICC, and can receiv...

The International Criminal Court and its work in Africa: Confronting the myths

"This paper is an attempt to grapple with certain myths that have recently been propagated by a number of individuals, including government officials, political leaders and civil society members (including the media), regarding the world’s first ...

Prosecution in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Prosecutors are primarily responsible for preparing charges and arraigning accused persons before competent courts or tribunals for trial. The primary duty of the prosecutor ‘is to seek justice as well as to convict those who are guilty’. In an i...

Improving Africa’s Prisons Prison Policy in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"To address the crisis in the prison systems of the states examined here, action is required to increase both the capacity of detention facilities and funding of prison systems. Additionally, legal and sentencing issues must be addressed to reduc...

The Criminal Justice System in Zambia

"This policy brief discusses the efficacy of Zambia’s criminal justice system by focusing primarily on crime, policing, prosecution, the judiciary, prison service, customary justice and international instruments. Virtually all these facets share ...

Between Rhetoric and Action The Politics, Processes and Practice of the ICC’s Work in the DRC

"This monograph attempts to respond to some of the questions raised in respect of the work of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In this regard, it has three main objectives. First, by focusing on...

The Theory and Practice of Criminal Justice in Africa

"In this monograph, four eminent critics and researchers examine the theory and practice of criminal justice in Africa.This monograph provides us with an important opportunity to engage in the debate through exploring various themes on the express...

The Criminal Justice System in Zambia Enhancing the Delivery of Security in Africa

"The outcome of the study indicates that Zambia needs to undertake major reforms in its criminal justice system to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Many important protocols in this area have not yet been ratified, while the country’s capaci...

Promotion of Human Security in Africa: The Role of African Human Rights Institutions

"This study aims to examine the role of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (AHRC) in the promotion of human security in Africa. It specifically addresses ways in which the...

Sudan: What Implications for President Al-Bashir’s Indictment by the ICC?

"This Situation Report looks at this delicate issue with a view to identifying, at least, a few possible scenarios of how to deal with the matter under discussion. To do so, it first provides a brief overview of the conflict situation and the pea...

The Justice Sector Afterthought : Witness Protection in Africa

"This book seeks to address the frictions between protecting the rights of accused persons and protecting the physical and psychological wellbeing of witnesses in Africa.Developed states are still attempting to refine the weighing of these two p...

A Survey of Crime Victims in Sierra Leone May to June 2008

"The crime victimisation survey conducted in Sierra Leone was part of a broader review of the empirical evidence on the state of crime and criminal justice and its impact on the political processes in four other African countries – Zambia, Tanzani...

A Survey of Crime Victims in Benin

"This victim survey raises a number of issues about crime control strategies in the country. The government should improve its crime-fighting strategies, in both rural and urban areas in order to ensure the security of citizens. Such measures sho...

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes' and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The International Criminal Court stands as a working model of international criminal justice in terms of which an international criminal forum applies rules of international law, is staffed by independent prosecutors and judges, and holds person...

Who Guards the Guards? The International Criminal Court and Serious Crimes Committed by Peacekeepers in Africa

"This monograph addresses whether or not international criminal law and the newly established International Criminal Court (ICC)may have a role to play in the effective prosecution of peacekeepers who have committed serious crimes. At a meeting ...

Paying for Crime: South African Spending on Criminal Justice

"This paper explores how South Africa’s criminal justice system has evolved over the past decade by looking at the approach government has taken to resourcing it. It describes the growth in expenditure on criminal justice,disaggregating this betwe...

The Gacaca Process: Eradicating the Culture of Impunity in Rwanda?

"Eleven years after the genocide in Rwanda, the gacaca tribunals have been introduced on a national level in an attempt to accelerate the process of justice. There is no doubt that some mechanism for justice needs to be instituted not only to ensu...

Traditional Justice in Practice A Limpopo Case Study

"The monograph introduces the institution of traditional leadership. It demonstrates how this system has been entrenched in the rural areas and raises related questions (chapter two). It deals with the policy and legislative framework that applies...

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