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Towards Maximising the Demographic Dividend in Namibia

The primary objective of this study was to assess Namibia’s prospects for harnessing the demographic dividend and to identify priority options for maximising the dividend. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions. T…

Enquete sur la Perception de la Securite Fonciere: Resultats du Sénégal/ Survey on Perception of Land Tenure: The Case of Sénégal

Property rights are the cornerstone of economic development and social justice. One of the most fundamental elements to understand the strength of property rights is through the citizens who perceive them. Prindex, an initiative by Global Land Allia…

A Timely Economic Demography Lesson from China for the G20

The 2019 Japanese Presidency of the G20 has added demographics, population ageing in particular, to the list of global risks for discussion. The G20 timing could not be more pertinent: 2018 marked the first time in history that persons aged over 64 …

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, origi…

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Came…

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate econ…

Mesure élargie de la Polarisation des Niveaux de vie au Sénégal / Broader Measures of the Polarization of Living Standards in Senegal

A polarized income distribution reveals homogeneous groups which present different levels of living standard. We measure polarization by grouping individuals according to the business sectors, gender, geographical region and ethnic identity. We also…

Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

A unique administrative database is utilized to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of employment protection for the labour market in South Africa. It is proposed to measure employment protection as a function of the quantity and e…

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The A…

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their p…

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in miner…

Youth Migration and Poverty Alleviation : A Case Study of Petty Traders (Wamachinga) in Dar Es Salaam

"This study begins with a proposition that there is a link between poverty, migration and policy. Its purpose is therefore to study and understand the phenomenon of rural-urban youth migration by focusing on mobile and stationary petty-traders in …

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil h…

Labour Constraints, Population Dynamics and the AIDS Epidemic : The Case of Rural Bukoba District, Tanzania

"Poverty, though noted to have no universally agreed definition, is given as a condition of living below a set minimum standard level, the poverty line. In rural Tanzania, it is widespread. This study investigates factors exacerbating poverty condit…

Poverty and Human Development Report 2011

"This year’s report explores the interplay between economic growth, productive employment and poverty reduction to identify policy options that can make future growth in Tanzania more inclusive and pro-poor. The report argues that managing structur…

An Analysis of Household Income and Expenditure in Tanzania

"Chapter 2 of PHDR 2009 examined national progress in poverty reduction by comparing findings from the latest Household Budget Survey conducted in 2007 with the previous HBS in 2000/01. The analysis looked at household well-being from several diffe…

Views of the People 2007

"This report represents results of the views of the people (VoP) survey which sought information about many aspects of people's lives, including their recent economic progress, changes in their standard of living, and the quality and accessibility o…

Social Protection: Assuring a Minimum Income for the Poorest in Tanzania

"This report provides a review of one element of social protection in Tanzania. It examined, specifically, the dimension of social protection that deals with supporting household consumption/income through interventions at the level of the househo…

Part II Results from the 'Views of the People' Survey

This document comprises Chapters 4 to 8 which follows on from Poverty and Human Development 2007 entitled: Status of Growth and Poverty Reduction Part 1. "These chapters provide a summary of the key findings from the Views of the People Survey condu…

Mkukuta Cluster II: Improvement of Quality of Life and Social Well Being

"The two broad outcomes for the second cluster of MKUKUTA are: Improved quality of life and social well being, with particular focus on the poorest and most vulnerable groups. Reduced inequalities (e.g.education, survival, health) across geographic,…

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