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Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund ( CEMAEF)

"The objective of the Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund (CEMAEF) is to mitigate the process whereby citizen investments in commercial/industrial properties and land facing foreclosures by the lending institutions are easily acqu...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

Consumer Price Inflation across the Income Distribution in South Africa

Poverty and inequality are two important characteristics of the post-apartheid South African socio-economic context. Rooted in widespread unemployment amongst the less educated and less skilled and apartheid-imposed inequalities in access to qua...

Have Labour Market Outcomes Affected Household Structure in South Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Households

This paper seeks to investigate how the demography of households relates to individual labour market outcomes. We comprehensively examine household size and structures in the October Household Surveys 1995, 1997, 1999 and the Labour Force Survey...

Internal Migration to the Gauteng Province

Gauteng, South Africa’s economic powerhouse, has long been dependent on immigration to supply its labour requirements, a phenomenon deeply rooted in the province’s early economic history and the development of mining and heavy industry. Although...

Poverty and Well-being in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An Overview of Data, Outcomes and Policy

This is an overview of poverty and well-being in the first decade of post-apartheid South Africa. It is an introduction to a volume that brings together some of the most prominent academic research done on this topic for the 10-year review process...

Poverty, Inequality and Labour Markets in Africa: A Descriptive Overview

This paper examines, through the application of available data, the poverty, inequality and labour market challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The paper illustrates that apart from levels of poverty and inequality that are inordinately high...

The Impact of Growth and Redistribution on Poverty and Inequality in South Africa

This country study evaluates the experience of the South African economy with respect to growth, poverty and inequality trends since the advent of democracy in 1994. The postapartheid government took a defi nite turn toward greater spending on s...

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic con...

The Effect of Minimum Wages on the Employment and Earnings of South Africa's Domestic Service Workers

Minimum wages have been in place for South Africa’s one million domestic service workers since November of 2002. Using data from seven waves of the Labour Force Survey, this paper documents that the real hourly wages, average monthly earnings, a...

Welfare Shifts In The Post Apartheid South Africa: A Comprehensive Measurement of Changes

The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive measure of shifts in welfare in postapartheid South Africa by examining changes in both income and non-income welfare between 1993 and 2005. Previous research using expenditure or consumpti...

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involv...

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, ori...

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Ca...

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate ec...

Mesure élargie de la Polarisation des Niveaux de vie au Sénégal / Broader Measures of the Polarization of Living Standards in Senegal

A polarized income distribution reveals homogeneous groups which present different levels of living standard. We measure polarization by grouping individuals according to the business sectors, gender, geographical region and ethnic identity. We al...

Towards Maximising the Demographic Dividend in Namibia

The primary objective of this study was to assess Namibia’s prospects for harnessing the demographic dividend and to identify priority options for maximising the dividend. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions....

Enquete sur la Perception de la Securite Fonciere: Resultats du Sénégal/ Survey on Perception of Land Tenure: The Case of Sénégal

Property rights are the cornerstone of economic development and social justice. One of the most fundamental elements to understand the strength of property rights is through the citizens who perceive them. Prindex, an initiative by Global Land All...

Youth Migration and Poverty Alleviation : A Case Study of Petty Traders (Wamachinga) in Dar Es Salaam

"This study begins with a proposition that there is a link between poverty, migration and policy. Its purpose is therefore to study and understand the phenomenon of rural-urban youth migration by focusing on mobile and stationary petty-traders i...

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil...

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