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No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, origi…

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Came…

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate econ…

Mesure élargie de la Polarisation des Niveaux de vie au Sénégal / Broader Measures of the Polarization of Living Standards in Senegal

A polarized income distribution reveals homogeneous groups which present different levels of living standard. We measure polarization by grouping individuals according to the business sectors, gender, geographical region and ethnic identity. We also…

Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

A unique administrative database is utilized to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of employment protection for the labour market in South Africa. It is proposed to measure employment protection as a function of the quantity and e…

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The A…

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their p…

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in miner…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their re…

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to A…

Impact of Soaring Food Price in Ethiopia: Does Location Matter?

"Previous studies implicitly assume uniform price-effects across regions or provinces within countries. They also do not address the issue of integration between the world food market and local markets. Instead, they assume a complete transmission o…

Impacts of Interventions in Bee-keeping and Irrigation on Household Welfare in the Kerio Basin Development lone, Kenya

"The Primary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of interventions in bee-keeping and irrigation on household welfare in the Kerio Basin Development Zone. Specifically, the study has analysed four main areas of impacts: employment-creatio…

The Dynamics of Rural Change in Dry Agriculture in Sudan: Case Study from Southern Kordofan

"This study briefly reviews previous studies to establish the general terms of reference and to suggest a simple household model, based on household theory, for tracing the production- consumption nexus at the subsistence household level. The study …

Responses by African Governments to the Global Economic and Financial Crisis and Lessons

"The paper focuses on the responses by African governments to the financial crisis and lessons. The authors blame the failure of the neo-liberal (laissez faire) policies of the multilateral institutions (World Bank and IMF) and excessive government …

Empowering the Poor and other Disadvantaged Groups

"This paper attempts to outline past and proposed future action plans undertaken by the government, the private sector and civil society to further citizen economic empowerment among the poor and other needy groups in Botswana. In particular, three …

BIDPA Annual Report 1996/97

"The events of BIDPA’s second year have underlined that our Institute is “coming of age”: Several projects come to their conclusion, most of them with good results. “BIDPA” has not yet become a household concept in Botswana, but is on the way to doi…

Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund ( CEMAEF)

"The objective of the Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund (CEMAEF) is to mitigate the process whereby citizen investments in commercial/industrial properties and land facing foreclosures by the lending institutions are easily acquir…

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure and …

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