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Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

A unique administrative database is utilized to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of employment protection for the labour market in South Africa. It is proposed to measure employment protection as a function of the quantity and...

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The...

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their...

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in min...

Youth Migration and Poverty Alleviation : A Case Study of Petty Traders (Wamachinga) in Dar Es Salaam

"This study begins with a proposition that there is a link between poverty, migration and policy. Its purpose is therefore to study and understand the phenomenon of rural-urban youth migration by focusing on mobile and stationary petty-traders i...

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil...

Labour Constraints, Population Dynamics and the AIDS Epidemic : The Case of Rural Bukoba District, Tanzania

"Poverty, though noted to have no universally agreed definition, is given as a condition of living below a set minimum standard level, the poverty line. In rural Tanzania, it is widespread. This study investigates factors exacerbating poverty cond...

Poverty and Human Development Report 2011

"This year’s report explores the interplay between economic growth, productive employment and poverty reduction to identify policy options that can make future growth in Tanzania more inclusive and pro-poor. The report argues that managing struct...

An Analysis of Household Income and Expenditure in Tanzania

"Chapter 2 of PHDR 2009 examined national progress in poverty reduction by comparing findings from the latest Household Budget Survey conducted in 2007 with the previous HBS in 2000/01. The analysis looked at household well-being from several dif...

Views of the People 2007

"This report represents results of the views of the people (VoP) survey which sought information about many aspects of people's lives, including their recent economic progress, changes in their standard of living, and the quality and accessibility...

Social Protection: Assuring a Minimum Income for the Poorest in Tanzania

"This report provides a review of one element of social protection in Tanzania. It examined, specifically, the dimension of social protection that deals with supporting household consumption/income through interventions at the level of the house...

Part II Results from the 'Views of the People' Survey

This document comprises Chapters 4 to 8 which follows on from Poverty and Human Development 2007 entitled: Status of Growth and Poverty Reduction Part 1. "These chapters provide a summary of the key findings from the Views of the People Survey con...

Mkukuta Cluster II: Improvement of Quality of Life and Social Well Being

"The two broad outcomes for the second cluster of MKUKUTA are: Improved quality of life and social well being, with particular focus on the poorest and most vulnerable groups. Reduced inequalities (e.g.education, survival, health) across geographi...

Percentage of Population Living in Poverty, by District Mainland Tanzania 2000 - 2

This document comprises 7 maps. The first map shows the percentage of the population living in poverty displayed by district mainland. The second map shows the number of poor people per square kilometer, by district. Five smaller maps follows with...

Towards a Sustainable Social Security in Nigeria

"A comprehensive social security in Nigeria has the potential to significantly reduce economic insecurities and enhance economic efficiency, equity, growth, and stability given the dismal socio-economic statistics as captured by human development...

Poverty Reduction Strategies Towards the Millenium Development Goals: Africa's Experiences and Lessons for Nigeria

"The ECA-sponsored African Learning Group on PRSP was established to facilitate African Peer Learning and serve as a mechanism through which Africans could ensure the relevance of the PRSP approach to the continents development challenges. This pa...

Millennium Development Goals Progress Report

"The main conclusion is that Rwanda has the policies and programmes in place to achieve poverty reduction and human development but that it will not achieve all the MDG Targets by 2015. Good progress is being made for many, but the accelerated rat...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure an...

Why Poverty Remains High in Tanzania: And What to Do About It?

"This paper began with four questions: (1) Is the lack of progress in poverty reduction in Tanzania just a brief interlude before the trickle down of the benefits from the current pattern of growth? (2)Is the lack of progress in poverty reduction...

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the thre...

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