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Consumer Price Inflation across the Income Distribution in South Africa

Poverty and inequality are two important characteristics of the post-apartheid South African socio-economic context. Rooted in widespread unemployment amongst the less educated and less skilled and apartheid-imposed inequalities in access to quali…

Have Labour Market Outcomes Affected Household Structure in South Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Households

This paper seeks to investigate how the demography of households relates to individual labour market outcomes. We comprehensively examine household size and structures in the October Household Surveys 1995, 1997, 1999 and the Labour Force Surveys …

Internal Migration to the Gauteng Province

Gauteng, South Africa’s economic powerhouse, has long been dependent on immigration to supply its labour requirements, a phenomenon deeply rooted in the province’s early economic history and the development of mining and heavy industry. Although m…

Poverty and Well-being in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An Overview of Data, Outcomes and Policy

This is an overview of poverty and well-being in the first decade of post-apartheid South Africa. It is an introduction to a volume that brings together some of the most prominent academic research done on this topic for the 10-year review process i…

Poverty, Inequality and Labour Markets in Africa: A Descriptive Overview

This paper examines, through the application of available data, the poverty, inequality and labour market challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The paper illustrates that apart from levels of poverty and inequality that are inordinately high i…

The Impact of Growth and Redistribution on Poverty and Inequality in South Africa

This country study evaluates the experience of the South African economy with respect to growth, poverty and inequality trends since the advent of democracy in 1994. The postapartheid government took a defi nite turn toward greater spending on soc…

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic concl…

The Effect of Minimum Wages on the Employment and Earnings of South Africa's Domestic Service Workers

Minimum wages have been in place for South Africa’s one million domestic service workers since November of 2002. Using data from seven waves of the Labour Force Survey, this paper documents that the real hourly wages, average monthly earnings, and…

Welfare Shifts In The Post Apartheid South Africa: A Comprehensive Measurement of Changes

The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive measure of shifts in welfare in postapartheid South Africa by examining changes in both income and non-income welfare between 1993 and 2005. Previous research using expenditure or consumption…

Beyond Victimhood, Women’s Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Crisis Group’s research in Sudan, Congo (DRC) and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involved…

Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund ( CEMAEF)

"The objective of the Citizen Entrepreneur Mortgage Assistance Equity Fund (CEMAEF) is to mitigate the process whereby citizen investments in commercial/industrial properties and land facing foreclosures by the lending institutions are easily acquir…

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

A unique administrative database is utilized to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of employment protection for the labour market in South Africa. It is proposed to measure employment protection as a function of the quantity and e…

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The A…

The Impact of Food Price Shocks in Uganda: First-order versus Long-run Effects

"In developing countries, all too often policies formulated in response to high food prices are inspired by ideology instead of evidence-based policy research. We look at the immediate effects of these shocks faced by households in Uganda on their p…

NEPAD and Africa's Leaking Begging Bowl

Africa's post colonial economic performance has been gloomy and prospects for the new millennium are equally dismal. Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 48countries, is the least developed region of the Third World despite its immense wealth in miner…

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, origi…

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Came…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their re…

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