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Small-scale Fisheries in a Modernising Economy: Opportunities and Challenges in Mozambique

"Mozambique is in a period of rapid transition. Since the end of civil war in 1992 sound governance, infrastructure investments and support from the donor community have helped to boost commerce and tourism. However, it is the recent discovery of si…

From Vulnerability to Resilience: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in Niger

"Challenging climatic conditions, limited arable land, intense population pressures and a history of political upheaval have undermined Niger’s development prospects – 60% of its people live on less than $1 per day. For decades, Nigerien farmers cle…

The Case for Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: Enhancing Food Security with Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Zambia

"Since the mid-1990s, Zambia’s Conservation Farming Unit (CFU) and the World Agro-forestry Centre have been pioneering “evergreen agriculture” solutions to address these perennial problems. Evergreen agriculture is defined as the integration of part…

NEGOS-GRN : Rapport final Etat des lieux du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la gestion des ressources naturelles et foncières au Sénégal / NEGOS - GRN The Final Report State of the Legal Framework and Institutional Management of Land and Natural Res

"The launching workshop of the project is entitled: Combating desertification and decentralized management and negotiation of natural resources and land in Sahelian Africa. It was held in Ouagadougou during April and May 2009. It concluded with the …

Balancing Development and Coastal Conservation: Mangroves in Mozambique

"Despite their well-researched and widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world’s most threatened vegetation types. More than a fifth of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 30 years alone, and …

Dimensions Structurelles de la Libéralisation pour l’Agriculture et le Développent Rural Programme Rural Struc - Phase I / Structural Dimensions of Liberalization for Agriculture and Rural Development Programme - Phase I

"The main finding of our study is that despite the development of highly effective strategies, tailored to the unfavorable climatic conditions, scarcity of land and difficult access to markets, farmers and the agricultural economy are at an impasse.…

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Agriculture Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is amongst those sectors most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and weather extremes, not least because of its depe…

Conservation and Ecotourism on Privatised Land in the Mara Kenya: The Case of Conservancy Land Leases

"This paper investigates private sector investment in conservation and ecotourism through conservancy land leases in the Mara region of Kenya. In a recent and growing tourism development, groups of Maasai landowners are leasing their parcels of lan…

The Impact of Transfrontier Conservation Areas on Regional Integration

"Transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) have been established or are under discussion in various locations within Southern Africa. The aim is to have 18 TFCAs in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in coming years. These areas attem…

Conservation and Sustainable Development Linking Practice and Policy in Eastern Africa

"Our development depends on nature, and if development in our region is to proceed it must be based on sustainable management of the ecosystems that support life. Although this simple fact is well accepted, achieving sustainable development in pract…

Towards a National Biodiversity Conservation Framework Key Findings and Policy Recommendations

"The conservation of biological diversity is emerging as one of the gravest global challenges of the 21st Century. The rapid expansion of human population, coupled with burgeoning development and rising consumption, has caused a biodiversity cris…

The Impact of Gazetting the Derema Forest Corridor in Tanzania on Community Livelihoods and Forest Conservation

The gazetting of Derema Forest Corridor (DFC) in the Usambara Mountains of north-eastern Tanzania is examined in this study. This area will become a national forest reserve and it is discusses herein how this process affected the livelihoods within …

Governance: Linchpin of Dryland Natural Resource Management

"Drylands cover approximately 12.5 million km² (61%) of the African continent and 60% of Africa’s people live in them. Forests and woodlands underpin sustainable land management and livelihoods in dryland regions. They are important for risk managem…

Emerging Insights into Governance and Sustainable Management of Africa's Natural Ecosystems

"Developing countries need to grow their economies to meet the needs of their people, while ensuring that the productivity and viability of the underlying ecosystems are maintained at healthy levels. Resilient ecosystems are vital to achieve globa…

Africa in 2030: Responsive States, Empowered Citizens Findings from Citizen-Driven Workshops on the Post-2015 Framework held in 13 African Countries

The 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) draws ever closer. A range of stakeholders are mobilising to formulate their successor. Should the post-2015 framework build upon the MDGs, correct their failings and genuinely confront…

Increasing the Economic Value and Contribution of Protected Areas in Africa

"The more value African countries derive from PAs, the more importance they will attach to them and the more effectively they will be regulated and protected. Similarly, if local communities consider natural resources and wildlife as central to thei…

Re-conceptualization of Wildlife Conservation Toward Resonation between Subsistence and Wildlife

The contents of this book were originally presented on the international workshop held at Nairobi on 7th August 2008. The purpose of these proceedings is to bring some hints for reconceptualization. Chapter 2 deals with community participation. Loca…

Do Ghanaian Farmers have Preferences for the National Biodiversity Strategy? A Case Study of Farmers Living around the Kakum National Park in the Central Region

In Developing Countries the natural capital constitutes about 20% of GDP. However, international environmental agreements requires these countries to conserve these resources irrespective of immediate human preferences. The present study contingent …

Business Responsibility for Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Emerging Priorities

Conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is a major enduring challenge to governments, conservation organizations, the private sector and citizens of South Africa and other countries. The future conservation needs and objectives of …

Climate Compatible Development in the ‘Land of a Thousand Hills’: Lessons from Rwanda

This working paper documents Rwanda’s lessons related to national-level climate change planning, captured as part of the “Lesson Learning from National Climate Compatible Development (CCD) Planning” study. Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Mozambique par…

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