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Climate-smart Agriculture in Mauritius

Agriculture in Mauritius occupies about 40% of the land area and includes about 22,000 small-scale individual sugarcane planters, and about 12,000 small growers of food crops, tea, tobacco, palm, fruit and flowers. Agriculture in Mauritius is domina…

Efficiency, Sustainability and Exit Strategy in the Oil and Gas Sector: Lessons from Ecuador for Uganda

This paper forecasts the sustainability challenge in Uganda’s oil and gas sector by drawing lessons from the Ecuadorian experience. It reveals that Ecuador in the recent past realized the challenge of sustainability in its petroleum sector, and sinc…

Socio-ecological Resilience in South Africa's Blue Economy: The Role of Marine Protected Areas

Globally there is a move to embrace ‘Blue Economies’ that promote the services the ocean provides to humankind. Ocean services include not only delivery of industries such as fisheries, mining, transport and tourism but also regulation of air quali…

Livelihood Interventions and Biodiversity Conservation in Quirimbas National Park

Coastal livelihood interventions can help communities by providing additional incomes, while protecting and maintaining resources and the environment. The identification and promotion of resilient and diversified livelihood opportunities are crucial…

Pathways to Climate Resilient Livelihoods in the KAZA TFCA

The Kavango Zambezi Trans Frontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) has a dual economy. Tourism – the most lucrative economic activity that the area’s conservation status allows – attracts a secure, if seasonal, income. Meanwhile, many of the almost …

Coastal Tourism and Economic Inclusion in Indian Ocean Rim Association States

The inclusiveness of tourism development is coming under close academic and policy scrutiny, including in policy debates within the Indian Ocean region through the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA). Coastal and marine tourism is recognised as a vi…

Enhancing EU Resource Governance Interventions: A Call for Prioritizing Human Security

In response to resource-fuelled conflicts in producer countries, EU foreign policy initiatives have sought to enhance ‘good governance’ throughout the value chain for an increasing number of primary commodities. EU-supported reforms of natural resou…

Ecosystem-based Adaptation in South African Coastal Cities: Challenges and Opportunities

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. EbA provides an approach to sustainable development that cont…

Small-scale Fisheries in a Modernising Economy: Opportunities and Challenges in Mozambique

"Mozambique is in a period of rapid transition. Since the end of civil war in 1992 sound governance, infrastructure investments and support from the donor community have helped to boost commerce and tourism. However, it is the recent discovery of si…

From Vulnerability to Resilience: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in Niger

"Challenging climatic conditions, limited arable land, intense population pressures and a history of political upheaval have undermined Niger’s development prospects – 60% of its people live on less than $1 per day. For decades, Nigerien farmers cle…

The Case for Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: Enhancing Food Security with Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Zambia

"Since the mid-1990s, Zambia’s Conservation Farming Unit (CFU) and the World Agro-forestry Centre have been pioneering “evergreen agriculture” solutions to address these perennial problems. Evergreen agriculture is defined as the integration of part…

NEGOS-GRN : Rapport final Etat des lieux du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la gestion des ressources naturelles et foncières au Sénégal / NEGOS - GRN The Final Report State of the Legal Framework and Institutional Management of Land and Natural Res

"The launching workshop of the project is entitled: Combating desertification and decentralized management and negotiation of natural resources and land in Sahelian Africa. It was held in Ouagadougou during April and May 2009. It concluded with the …

Balancing Development and Coastal Conservation: Mangroves in Mozambique

"Despite their well-researched and widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world’s most threatened vegetation types. More than a fifth of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 30 years alone, and …

Dimensions Structurelles de la Libéralisation pour l’Agriculture et le Développent Rural Programme Rural Struc - Phase I / Structural Dimensions of Liberalization for Agriculture and Rural Development Programme - Phase I

"The main finding of our study is that despite the development of highly effective strategies, tailored to the unfavorable climatic conditions, scarcity of land and difficult access to markets, farmers and the agricultural economy are at an impasse.…

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Agriculture Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is amongst those sectors most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and weather extremes, not least because of its depe…

Conservation and Ecotourism on Privatised Land in the Mara Kenya: The Case of Conservancy Land Leases

"This paper investigates private sector investment in conservation and ecotourism through conservancy land leases in the Mara region of Kenya. In a recent and growing tourism development, groups of Maasai landowners are leasing their parcels of lan…

The Impact of Transfrontier Conservation Areas on Regional Integration

"Transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) have been established or are under discussion in various locations within Southern Africa. The aim is to have 18 TFCAs in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in coming years. These areas attem…

Conservation and Sustainable Development Linking Practice and Policy in Eastern Africa

"Our development depends on nature, and if development in our region is to proceed it must be based on sustainable management of the ecosystems that support life. Although this simple fact is well accepted, achieving sustainable development in pract…

Towards a National Biodiversity Conservation Framework Key Findings and Policy Recommendations

"The conservation of biological diversity is emerging as one of the gravest global challenges of the 21st Century. The rapid expansion of human population, coupled with burgeoning development and rising consumption, has caused a biodiversity cris…

The Impact of Gazetting the Derema Forest Corridor in Tanzania on Community Livelihoods and Forest Conservation

The gazetting of Derema Forest Corridor (DFC) in the Usambara Mountains of north-eastern Tanzania is examined in this study. This area will become a national forest reserve and it is discusses herein how this process affected the livelihoods within …

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