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Managing Scarcity : Human Adaptation in East African Drylands

"This paper is based primarily on the findings of the Red Sea Area research Programme (RESAP) and it actually highlights some of those findings. It attempts to trace some of the social changes that occurred among the Beja nomadic communities of t...

Resource Alienation, Militarisation and Development Case Studies from East African Drylands

"The introductory chapter attempts to contribute to the ongoing effort to obliterate perhaps the two major hurdles in the progress in understanding the dynamics of human adaptation in East African drylands. These are the persistence of ‘crisis sce...

Social Science Research Report Series No 33

"New institutions of governance have emerged in the sector with the hope that they will ensure the equitable and effective management and control of water resources through devolution of management responsibilities from central government to the l...

Valuing Tropical Grasslands: The Case of Overstocking in Northeastern Uganda

"One of the major concerns of the world community today is the loss of large areas of tropical grasslands and forests. Although there are various causes of grassland degradation, an important cause seems to be an under-valuation of grasslands by ...

Pastoralists and Environment: Experiences from the Greater Horn of Africa

"Johan Helland's paper discusses the Borana pastoral society of southern Ethiopia, and asks questions about the longterm viability of such communities in the context of various development efforts. Boku Tache's paper on the Borana raises many of t...

Reversed Migration Trends in the Kondoa Eroded Area: Lessons for Future Conservation Activities in the Hado Project Areas, Tanzania

"The main objective of the project was conserving land and water and reclaiming the already depleted areas. During the early years of its existence, the project emphasised land conservation and afforestation programmes. In collaboration with the ...

COP 17: What Role for South Africa as an Agent of Change?

"South Africa, in partnership with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will play a key role in managing the 17th session of the Conference of Parties (COP 17) intergovernmental negotiations from 28 November to 5 December 2011....

The Role of Macroeconomic Policy Towards Food Security in Botswana

"The main objective of this study is to analyse the role that macroeconomic policy in Botswana has played towards the achievement of food security. This will be used as a basis of identifying whether agriculture has adequately played its role. The...

Natural Resource Governance, Boom and Bust: The Case of Kolwezi in the DRC

"This paper considers the effects of the successive booms and busts in the mining industry and the commodity markets on the management of natural resources in Kolwezi. It focus on the commodities boom that ran from 2004–2008, and the bust that beg...

Rio to Jo'burg and Beyond The world summit on sustainable development

"This report focuses on the history of sustainable development, international attempts to create and focus attention on this important issue, and prospects for the post-Johannesburg era. It is divided into three sections: First, the historical bac...

The Nature and Extent of Environmental Crimes in Seychelles

"The study consisted of a thorough analysis of the state of the environment and the extent of environmental crime in the country. In addition, the study examined the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crime in Seychelles....

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Sudan

"This report analyses the nature and extent of environmental crime in Sudan. It is based on a study commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) that is implemented jointly by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the East Africa...

The Timber Trade in Africa's Great Lakes: Implications for Uganda and the Region

"Most of the timber traded in Africa’s Great Lakes originates in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and either ends up in Uganda or transits through Uganda to the region. This trade is set to expand, largely driven by a growing regional and...

Timber Trade in Africa's Great Lakes: The Road from Beni, DRC to Kampala, Uganda

"The report provides a political economy analysis of the trade in tropical timber from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to and through Uganda via the Northern Transit Corridor. The study focuses on international, regional and local demand-s...

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Us...

Household and Plot Level Impact of Sustainable Land and Watershed Management (SLWM) Practices in the Blue Nile

"Land degradation and water shortages are major issues in developing countries, contributing to reduced economic output, lower growth potential and increased poverty. The immediate trade-off between short-term welfare and long-term agricultural de...

Commons Governance in Southern Africa

"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and exper...

Outcomes of Community Engagement in Community-Based Natural Resource Management Programmes

"This policy brief examines the efficacy of the community concept in explaining outcomes of planned intervention in general and CBNRM more specifically. The primary aim here is to illustrate the point that a development project involves the intera...

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, hu...

Killing the Goose that Lays the Golden Egg: An Analysis of Budget Allocations and Revenue from the Environment and Natural Resource Sector in Karamoja Region

"This study explains the causal relationship between governance and environmental accountability in the Karamoja region. In essence, this particular study provides a baseline description of the ENR budget in the region. The overall objective of th...

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