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Commons Governance in Southern Africa

"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and experie…

Outcomes of Community Engagement in Community-Based Natural Resource Management Programmes

"This policy brief examines the efficacy of the community concept in explaining outcomes of planned intervention in general and CBNRM more specifically. The primary aim here is to illustrate the point that a development project involves the interact…

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, huge…

Killing the Goose that Lays the Golden Egg: An Analysis of Budget Allocations and Revenue from the Environment and Natural Resource Sector in Karamoja Region

"This study explains the causal relationship between governance and environmental accountability in the Karamoja region. In essence, this particular study provides a baseline description of the ENR budget in the region. The overall objective of the …

Community Conservancies in Namibia: An Effective Institutional Model for Commons Management?

"Common property resources (CPRs) remain of great significance for livelihoods among rural and poor communities of the world. CPRs are particularly important because in many contexts they remain resources of last resort since they provide grazing, …

Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Over the past 70 years, the world’s governments have adopted hundreds of multilateral environmental treaties for the protection of flora and fauna and reducing toxic industrial emissions, among other issues. These treaties are legally binding agre…

Blue Carbon: The Opportunity of Coastal Sinks for Africa

"Although the bodies of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change have developed strategies and mechanisms to enhance terrestrial ‘Green Carbon’ sinks, less attention has been given to marine and coastal ecosystems – despite their capacity to s…

Marginalization of Environment and Natural Resources Sub-Sector Undermining the Economic Base and Entrenching Poverty in Uganda

"Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) constitute a significant economic base of Uganda and will remain so in the future. While the causes of poverty in Uganda can be attributed to many other factors, environmental degradation and mismanagement …

A Decade of Fisheries Co-Management in Africa: Going Back to the Roots? Empowering Fishing Communities? Or just an Illusion?

"This paper provides an overview of co-management in Africa and the historical, political and paradigmatic reasons for the shift. The historical context is important when analysing the performance of the regime. The main reasons why comanagement i…

From Concept to Action: The Protection and Promotion of Farmers' Rights in East Africa

"The importance of plant genetic resources and the need to conserve and sustainably utilize them has been the subject of many regional and international discussions in the last two and a half decades. The thrust of these discussions has centered not…

Land Reform and Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in Conflict

"A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas.This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, an…

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

"This paper argues that political parties are going to be the main power blockers in the new political dispensation under a multiparty political system including making important decisions over the management and utilization of the environment and n…

Strategy for Fisheries Socio-economic Research

"This document sets broad strategic directions for a period of five years and provides a framework on which fisheries socio-economic research priorities can be determined on a more frequent basis. This document is divided into six chapters: Chapter …

Devolution and Democratisation of Natural Resource Management in South Africa: A Comparative Analysis of CBNRM Policy Processes in Botswana and Zimbabwe

"This paper examines the policy processes of devolution and democratisation of natural resource management as they relate to community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) outcomes in Botswana and Zimbabwe. Devolution and democratisation of nat…

Climate Variability, Climate Change and Water Resource Strategies for Small Municipalities

"This study investigates the water resource management strategies in response to climate change in South Africa by drawing on the analysis of coping strategies adopted by small local municipalities in the Northern Cape province of South Africa in ti…

Community-based Natural Resources Management: Experiences and Lessons Linking communities to Sustainable Resource Use in Different Social, Economic and Ecological Conditions in South Africa

"This document presents a summary of the lessons that the project feels it has learned so far. These lessons focus on how community-based nature conservation and ecotourism can help enhance the livelihoods of rural people in South Africa. They o…

Natural Resources and Conflict: Unlocking the Economic Dimension of Peace-Building in Africa

"The resources that generate many of these problems are largely oil and gas, diamonds, columbium tantalite (coltan), drugs, gold, platinum, uranium and other gemstones; and also timber, coffee, water, land, grazing pasture, livestock and rubber. In …

Trans-boundary Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa: Local, Historical and Livelihood Realities within the Great Limpopo Trans-frontier Conservation Area

"The end of apartheid rule in South Africa, together with the termination of the civil war in Mozambique and the occupation of Namibia by South Africa in the early 1990s, seemed to herald profound changes in international relations within the southe…

Policies, Regulations and Institutional Framework for Improved Sanitation in Kigali: Rwanda

"Rwanda, like most developing countries, is facing many challenges in sanitation sector. One of the main factors why the country cannot cope effectively with sanitation problems is the lack of an improved “Policy, Regulations and Institutional Fra…

Rio to Jo'burg and Beyond The world summit on sustainable development

"This report focuses on the history of sustainable development, international attempts to create and focus attention on this important issue, and prospects for the post-Johannesburg era. It is divided into three sections: First, the historical backg…

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