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Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

"2004 was an important year for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and for its diamond industry. Despite a series of violent flare-ups in Ituri and elsewhere, the coalition government held together, making its way towards the elections of 200...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007

"This Annual Review of the Diamond Industry in the DRC is the third produced by Partnership Africa Canada and CENADEP. PAC also produces Annual Reviews of the diamond industries in Sierra Leone and Angola. These three countries suffered great...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2005

"The Diamond Industry Annual Review for Angola is one of three diamond industry surveys prepared by Partnership Africa Canada and its partners in Africa. Annual Reviews covering Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are also bein...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2007

"Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2008

"Diamonds are not just symbols of love, fidelity and purity, they are the most concentrated form of wealth on earth, and because of that, they attract problems. A raid on a Damiani showroom in Milan netted thieves as much as $30 million in diamo...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2009

"By all indications, and from the evidence gathered for this year’s Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review, the Kimberley Process (KP), designed to halt and prevent the return of “conflict diamonds”, is failing. The cost of a collapse woul...

Background Paper on Micro Development Issues

"A huge number of people, mostly young men, work in the alluvial diamond fields of Africa. In Sierra Leone there may be as many as 120,000. In the Congo, the government estimates 700,000. In Angola, despite the recent expulsions of illicit Congole...

Paddles for Kimberley: An Agenda for Reform

"The Kimberley Process was designed to halt the phenomenon of conflict diamonds and to ensure that it would not recur. In many ways the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was a remarkable initiative in terms of its originality and scope, and...

Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

"In the diamond mines of the Central African Republic (CAR), extreme poverty and armed conflict put thousands of lives in danger. President François Bozizé keeps tight control of the diamond sector to enrich and empower his own ethnic group but do...

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Si...

Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econ...

Greed and Corruption in Zimbabwe’s Marange Diamond Fields

"This paper is divided into three main sections. The first looks at trade irregularities and the lack of transparency of diamond revenues, and examines ways ZANU and the global diamond industry have interacted, before, during and after the KP impo...

War and Peace in Sierra Leone : Diamonds, Corruption and the Lebanese Connection

"This report presents an overview and analysis of the situation in Sierra Leone with respect to the diamond industry since United Nations intervention in 2000. It evaluates efforts made by the Sierra Leone government to ensure greater transparency...

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American business...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 36

‘The Case for KP Reform: If Not Now, When?’ looks at how lost and directionless for many years, the KP (Kimberley Process) has rightly been criticized of late for coasting on autopilot and deferring any hard action on problems that come its way. ‘...

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