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Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

"2004 was an important year for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and for its diamond industry. Despite a series of violent flare-ups in Ituri and elsewhere, the coalition government held together, making its way towards the elections of 200...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007

"This Annual Review of the Diamond Industry in the DRC is the third produced by Partnership Africa Canada and CENADEP. PAC also produces Annual Reviews of the diamond industries in Sierra Leone and Angola. These three countries suffered great...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2005

"The Diamond Industry Annual Review for Angola is one of three diamond industry surveys prepared by Partnership Africa Canada and its partners in Africa. Annual Reviews covering Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are also bein...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2007

"Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2008

"Diamonds are not just symbols of love, fidelity and purity, they are the most concentrated form of wealth on earth, and because of that, they attract problems. A raid on a Damiani showroom in Milan netted thieves as much as $30 million in diamo...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2009

"By all indications, and from the evidence gathered for this year’s Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review, the Kimberley Process (KP), designed to halt and prevent the return of “conflict diamonds”, is failing. The cost of a collapse woul...

Background Paper on Micro Development Issues

"A huge number of people, mostly young men, work in the alluvial diamond fields of Africa. In Sierra Leone there may be as many as 120,000. In the Congo, the government estimates 700,000. In Angola, despite the recent expulsions of illicit Congole...

Paddles for Kimberley: An Agenda for Reform

"The Kimberley Process was designed to halt the phenomenon of conflict diamonds and to ensure that it would not recur. In many ways the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was a remarkable initiative in terms of its originality and scope, and...

Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

"In the diamond mines of the Central African Republic (CAR), extreme poverty and armed conflict put thousands of lives in danger. President François Bozizé keeps tight control of the diamond sector to enrich and empower his own ethnic group but do...

Taming the Resource Curse: Implementing the ICGLR Certification Mechanism for Conflict-prone Minerals

"This study deals with the challenges posed by mineral flows that may lack all of the requisite export and sourcing documentation, or that may before or during the process of mining and export financially benefit rebel groups, militias, or militar...

Diamonds Without Maps Liberia, the UN, Sanctions and the Kimberley Process

"This paper argues that while diamonds represent a very small part of Liberia’s potential postwar economy, they loom large in the country’s political schema, and they retain their enormous potential for national and regional destabilization. Liber...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and ...

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent c...

Raising the Community Voice in the Extractive Sector

The document is divided into four main headings. The headlines are then discussed in more detail with subtitles following. The first heading poses the question: 1. Is Zimbabwe prepared to reap the benefits from BRICs investments? The following imp...

The Social, Economic and Environmental Implications of Diamond Mining in Chiadzwa

The primary agendas in the public domain were to comprehensively address the challenges of formal and informal miners in Chiadzwa and at the same time ensuring sustainable livelihoods for the villagers and national economic recovery. In Chiadzwa, ...

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

The smuggling of diamonds is investigated in this report, specifically from the Central African Republic into Cameroon. The focus is also on the impact that this illicit trade has on Cameroon’s internal controls as well as the broader integrity of...

Towards Implementation of the Washington Declaration in Zimbabwe: A Case for Formalizing Artisanal and Small Scale Diamond Mining in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is lagging behind other Kimberly Process Certification Scheme participants when it comes to bringing artisanal alluvial diamonds into legitimate chain of custody. The continued criminalization of artisanal diamond diggers in Marange is co...

1.0 Powers of Parliament in Zimbabwe to Effect Accountability under Spotlight as Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Indigenisation meet Diamond Impoverished Marange Communities

An inquiry was conducted by the portfolio committee on mines and energy in Zimbabwe into the diamond mining sector between 2009 and 2013 with the intention of holding the executive to account. Although standing order 167 empowers the committee to ...

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