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Diamonds Without Maps Liberia, the UN, Sanctions and the Kimberley Process

"This paper argues that while diamonds represent a very small part of Liberia’s potential postwar economy, they loom large in the country’s political schema, and they retain their enormous potential for national and regional destabilization. Liber...

Diamonds and Other Precious Stones in Armed Conflicts and Law Enforcement Co-operation in Southern Africa

"This paper attempts to contribute to the continuing debate. It discusses the linkage between armed conflicts and extractive resources generally and specifically with reference to Southern Africa. The challenges arising from that linkage are then ...

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presi...

Paddles for Kimberley: An Agenda for Reform

"The Kimberley Process was designed to halt the phenomenon of conflict diamonds and to ensure that it would not recur. In many ways the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was a remarkable initiative in terms of its originality and scope, and...

Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Implementing Kimberley process - 5 years on - how effective is the Kimberley Process and what more needs to be done?

"Five years after its creation the Kimberley Process, the international diamond certification scheme, is still having difficulty stopping conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada are urging...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

"2004 was an important year for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and for its diamond industry. Despite a series of violent flare-ups in Ituri and elsewhere, the coalition government held together, making its way towards the elections of 200...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007

"This Annual Review of the Diamond Industry in the DRC is the third produced by Partnership Africa Canada and CENADEP. PAC also produces Annual Reviews of the diamond industries in Sierra Leone and Angola. These three countries suffered great...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2005

"The Diamond Industry Annual Review for Angola is one of three diamond industry surveys prepared by Partnership Africa Canada and its partners in Africa. Annual Reviews covering Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are also bein...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2007

"Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2008

"Diamonds are not just symbols of love, fidelity and purity, they are the most concentrated form of wealth on earth, and because of that, they attract problems. A raid on a Damiani showroom in Milan netted thieves as much as $30 million in diamo...

Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review 2009

"By all indications, and from the evidence gathered for this year’s Diamonds and Human Security Annual Review, the Kimberley Process (KP), designed to halt and prevent the return of “conflict diamonds”, is failing. The cost of a collapse woul...

Background Paper on Micro Development Issues

"A huge number of people, mostly young men, work in the alluvial diamond fields of Africa. In Sierra Leone there may be as many as 120,000. In the Congo, the government estimates 700,000. In Angola, despite the recent expulsions of illicit Congole...

Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

"In the diamond mines of the Central African Republic (CAR), extreme poverty and armed conflict put thousands of lives in danger. President François Bozizé keeps tight control of the diamond sector to enrich and empower his own ethnic group but do...

Diamond Industry Annual Review - Angola 2007

Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-relate...

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