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Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econ...

Greed and Corruption in Zimbabwe’s Marange Diamond Fields

"This paper is divided into three main sections. The first looks at trade irregularities and the lack of transparency of diamond revenues, and examines ways ZANU and the global diamond industry have interacted, before, during and after the KP impo...

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Si...

War, Peace and Diamonds in Angola: Popular Perceptions of the Diamond Industry in the Lundas

"Following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding by UNITA and the FAA on 4 April 2002, UNITA ceased to exist as a military force, and Angola – with the exception of the Cabinda enclave – was definitively at peace. The arguments around “co...

Penetrating Power Small Arms in Post Conflict Sierra Leone and Liberia

"This monograph looks at the factors behind the demand for weapons in Sierra Leone and Liberia, focusing on the buyer side of the market to determine whether proliferation can be stemmed, or at least slowed down, through more creative measures. I...

Diamond Industry Annual Review - Angola 2007

Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has been a leader in the campaign against conflict diamonds since 1999. It has been an active member of all Kimberley Process meetings and Working Groups. It has produced several background studies on diamond-relate...

Liberia Update: Diamond Sanctions to be Lifted?

Liberia Update: Diamond Sanctions to be Lifted? Marriott Tackeles Illicit Diamonds Sierra Leone Diamond Annual Review Meeus Attacks Canada Major Increase in Legal Diamonds Exports

Liberia Not Yet Ready for Diamonds

Liberia not yet ready for diamonds World's poorest country makes diamond headway Terrorist financing & diamonds Angolan credibility plummets

Côte D'Ivoire's Conflict Diamonds: UN Security Council Imposes Worldwide Embargo

Côte d'Iivoire's Conflict Diamonds: UN Security Council Imposes Worldwide Embargo; Diamond Development Initiative, Successful Accra Meeting Kimberley Process Winds Up Third Year Congolese Diamonds, Peace And Development: New Pac Report Africa's...

Human Security and the International Diamond Trade In Africa

Research Project Expands US Warns Liberia Namibian Diamond Mining in Congo UN Deadline for Congo Troop Withdrawals Security Council Discusses UNITA Sanctions Kimberley Process Expands

Zimbabwe Diamond Rush Turns Poisonous: Accusations Lead to Nationalization Plan

Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous, accusations lead to nationalization plan; Diamond smuggling in Venezuela, four month failure to communicate; Global Witness researcher arrested in Angola, espionage charges denied; "Blood Diamond" fears fade,...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Land Grabbing and Land Reform

Liberia is a country blessed with natural resources. Its natural endowments include diamonds, gold and iron ore, extensive stands of tropical timber, abundant water and cropland, and a climate and soil conditions conducive to the cultivation o...

Dangerous Little Stones: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

"In the diamond mines of the Central African Republic (CAR), extreme poverty and armed conflict put thousands of lives in danger. President François Bozizé keeps tight control of the diamond sector to enrich and empower his own ethnic group but do...

Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Implementing Kimberley process - 5 years on - how effective is the Kimberley Process and what more needs to be done?

"Five years after its creation the Kimberley Process, the international diamond certification scheme, is still having difficulty stopping conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada are urging...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

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