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Raising Mozambique:Development through coal

"Sixteen years of civil war, which ended in 1992, left Mozambique as one of the poorest countries in the world. Still today Mozambique’s human development index ranks the lowest in Southern Africa, with a life expectancy of 52 years and a literac...

Coal Exports and the Diversification of Botswana's Economy

"The paper considers the opportunities and risks associated with the development of Botswana’s steam coal export sector. Given the very high coal prices on world markets achieved over the last decade together with the growing demand in India and C...

Balancing Coal Mining and Conservation in South-West Ethiopia

"Ethiopia is confronted by the challenges of a growing population and a diminishing natural resources base. The country’s economic growth has relied heavily on agriculture, but progress in this sector has been hampered by the lack of access to ag...

Environmental Impact Assessment Report for Hwange Coal Mining Activities

Coal mining negatively affects the livelihoods of many in communities, destroys animal habitats, and pollutes the environment whilst at the same time its burning significantly contributes to climate change. Many communities in developed countries...

Report on the Situation of Coal Mining in Hwange: Special focus on Hwange Colliery Company

After interaction with several community members the team discovered that coal mining in Hwange was doing more harm to the community and the environment than good. The situation in Hwange clearly showed that there is need to end destructive minin...

An Assessment of New Coal Plants in South Africa’s Electricity Future: The cost, emissions and supply security implications of the coal IPP programme

South Africa’s coal base load independent power producer (IPP) procurement programme was launched in 2014, in line with the new coal capacity envisaged in the 2010 Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity (IRP2010) (DoE, 2011). Since the releas...

Botswana's Coal: Dead in the Water or Economic Game Changer?

Botswana possesses substantial coal deposits of 212 billion tonnes, the majority of which are low grade. Under favourable conditions, and until solar power becomes a feasible option for supplying baseload electricity, this coal could be either ex...

What Role for Natural Resources in Botswana's Quest for Economic Diversification?

"Botswana is typically perceived as a development anomaly on the continent. With a stable democracy and strong economic growth since 1966, the country’s success is in danger of being taken for granted. Diamond revenues are likely to decline in ...

Towards a Diversified Economy: A Preliminary Assessment of the Potential, Prospects and Challenges of Electricity Exports from Botswana

"The paper assesses the prospects and challenges of coal-fired power exports in Botswana. Specifically, the study analyses how supply factors, that is, resource availability; environmental concerns; infrastructure and technology as well as demand ...

Socio-Economic Considerations for a Paris Agreement - Compatible Coal Transition in South Africa

Coal remains central to the South African energy system, even as alternative technologies have become more competitive, especially for electricity generation. Economics will account for much of the transformation of energy systems globally over th...

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