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Risks to Global Trade and Implications for South Africa's Economy and Policy

The past two decades have witnessed an unprecedented globalisation of trade in goods and services. This process has been driven, inter alia, by technology, ideology and the availability of relatively cheap energy. By extrapolating this trend, one …

Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges

"The hardest hit region has benefited least from the international climate change regime because previous and current global climate change agreements have had little relevance to Africa. The next climate change negotiations will take place in Cope…

Africa's Climate Change Reality: The African Initiative Congress on Climate Change

"The African continent is expected to bear a much heavier burden than the industrialized world as its people strive to cope with climate change and its far-reaching impacts on food security, health, energy, migration and conflict. Africa’s vulnerabl…

Biofuel Technology Transfer in IBSA: Lessons for South Africa and Brazil

The success of biofuel production in Brazil (bioethanol in particular) is recognised as a tangible point of collaboration in the India–Brazil– South Africa (IBSA) Forum. Sharing knowledge and systematic technology transfer on biofuels can strengthen…

Africa's Stance on COP 16: A United Front and a Dose of Pessimism

"African countries will be presenting a united front at the COP 16 negotiations in Cancun, Mexico. Key negotiating points will focus on making progress in a few main areas, including technology transfer, capacity building for adaptation, and securi…

Municipal Responses to Climate Change in South Africa: The case of eThekwini, the City of Cape Town, and the City of Johannesburg

"This study assesses the extent of progress made in institutionalising climate change policy responses within three metropolitan municipalities in South Africa – Cape Town, eThekwini (Durban) and Johannesburg. By focusing on the progress in some of …

The Consequences of Inaction: Climate Change and the Challenges for Rural and Agrarian Policy in Africa

"This paper seeks to lay out the nature of the challenges facing not only communities but also policy makers across the continent, as a result of climate change and its associated environmental consequences. The paper is largely descriptive, as it s…

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climate …

A Typology for Vulnerability and Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper considers vulnerability reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from a more aggregated macro viewpoint. We focus on risk related to agriculture, since vulnerability and agriculture are intimately linked in SSA due to the location of the p…

Vulnerability and the Impact of Climate Change in South Africa’s Limpopo River Basin

"This paper uses farmers’ responses to exogenous weather shocks in South Africa’s Limpopo River Basin to gauge how farmers are apt to respond to future climate change-induced shocks, in particular drought. Droughts are expected to increase in both …

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different crop …

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

"The ninth African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) senior policy seminar, held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, in March 2007, identified the impact of climate change on economic development in Africa as a top priority for further policy-oriented research.…

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa AERC Senior Policy Seminar X

"Climate change was chosen as the topic for the tenth Senior Policy Seminar to be convened by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). The theme is a major departure for the Consortium, but the policy connection compels AERC’s involvement i…

Life at the Crossroads: How Climate Change Threatens the Existence of the Maasai

"Climate change is exacerbating poverty among the Maasai of Kenya and adversely affecting their livelihoods. Climate change induced droughts and floods have resulted in increased competition for scarce resources, loss of herds and forced migration a…

Global Warming and Health: The Issue of Malaria in Eastern Africa’s Highlands

"Discussion on various aspects of global warming has been intense but disjointed. This paper synthesizes the discussion that deals with the nature of and relationship between global warming and malaria. It draws on empirical materials in the East A…

Towards Just and Effective Climate Change: Developing Priorities and Principles

"The context for this briefing paper is a civil society meeting hosted in Cape Town in September 2010 by the Corruption and Governance Programme of the Institute for Security Studies(ISS). Experts from Africa, Asia and Latin America presented p…

The Adaptation Fund, Clean Development Mechanism and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Fund: Some National and Sub National Experiences

"The study provides an approach that is grounded in the realities and experiences in funding arrangements across developing countries in the three regions studied. The issues raised here reflect on some of the findings of that report. This bri…

The Governance of Climate Finance in Africa, Asia and Latin America : Some Critical Reflections

"Climate finance,if democratically governed, can play an important role in assisting vulnerable peoples and communities to withstand and adapt to the impacts of climate change. As the climate finance regime is developing, this policy brief explo…

The Triple Crisis and the Global Aid Architecture

"The global economy is passing through a period of profound change. The immediate concern is with the financial crisis, originating in the North. The South is affected via lower commodity prices, reduced private financial flows, and falling remittan…

Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

"Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of S…

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