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Climate Change Adaptation, Conflict and Cooperation: A Diplomatic Approach for Africa?

"Internationally, scientific and policy debates on the potential security implications of climate change have recently gained great momentum. It is now clear that climate change poses one of the key challenges for global economic development and h...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2011

This issue contains seven articles. 'Climate Change–Conflict Nexus: Framework for Policy-oriented Action' bridges the climate change-conflict gap by providing a framework or lens through which policy-action research on the nexus between climate c...

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 2

"There is an ongoing debate about the sustainability of South African communal rangelands as old views on overgrazing and degradation are being widely challenged.This case study titled Grazing management and sustainability in a land reform pilot ...

Impacts of Considering Climate Variability on Investment Decisions in Ethiopia

"Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and nonagricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climat...

A Typology for Vulnerability and Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper considers vulnerability reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from a more aggregated macro viewpoint. We focus on risk related to agriculture, since vulnerability and agriculture are intimately linked in SSA due to the location of the...

Vulnerability and the Impact of Climate Change in South Africa’s Limpopo River Basin

"This paper uses farmers’ responses to exogenous weather shocks in South Africa’s Limpopo River Basin to gauge how farmers are apt to respond to future climate change-induced shocks, in particular drought. Droughts are expected to increase in bot...

Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

"This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different cro...

Life at the Crossroads: How Climate Change Threatens the Existence of the Maasai

"Climate change is exacerbating poverty among the Maasai of Kenya and adversely affecting their livelihoods. Climate change induced droughts and floods have resulted in increased competition for scarce resources, loss of herds and forced migration...

Gender Dimensions of Drought and Pastoral Mobility Among the Maasai

"Maasai pastoralists are increasingly faced with annual droughts that cause significant livestock deaths and periods of food insecurity. A new form of rangeland management that emphasizes pastoral migrations and extensive herding to mitigate the i...

Climate Risk Management through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the lev...

Hits and Misses in Mozambiques's Climate Change Action Plans

"The creation of Mozambique’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) embraced a bottom-up process lauded for its inclusiveness. For most Africa countries, the NAPA process has resulted in contextually relevant plans that are plagued by sl...

China in the African Solar Energy Sector

"Access to reliable and affordable electricity is critical for poverty alleviation and the improvement of livelihoods, including in the areas of education, health, and industrial development in Africa. However, a combination of factors, such as c...

Africa's Stance on COP 16: A United Front and a Dose of Pessimism

"African countries will be presenting a united front at the COP 16 negotiations in Cancun, Mexico. Key negotiating points will focus on making progress in a few main areas, including technology transfer, capacity building for adaptation, and secu...

How can African Agriculture Adapt to Climate Change: Insights from Ethiopia and South Africa

"During the coming decades, global change will impact food and water security in significant but highly uncertain ways. There are strong indications that developing countries will bear the brunt of the consequences, particularly from climate cha...

Bridging Climate Information Gaps to Strengthen Capacities for Climate Informed Decision-making: Climate Information and Needs Assessment Report: Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Tunisia

The impact of climate change in African countries has been widely acknowledged. Africa has made considerable efforts over the past decade in the development of regional and national strategies and institutions aimed at supporting African countri...

The Role of Weather on Schooling and Work of Young Adults in Madagascar

We examine the impact of rainfall variability and cyclones on schooling and work among a cohort of teens and young adults in Madagascar. We estimate a bivariate probit model using a panel survey conducted in 2004 and 2011 in this poor island natio...

Sudan North in the Shadow of the South

This report summarises the four seminars in the series entitled “Sudan: North in the shadow of the South”. The first seminar in our series put the focus on environmental factors and the conflicts in Sudan. Pastoral migration, access to water and h...

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