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Marginalisation and violence Considering origins of insurgency and peace implementation in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan

"This paper addresses two issues. First, it builds on an argument in earlier research on the Nuba Mountains that purely resource-based explanations are not sufficient to find comprehensive measures for conflict resolution,showing that any resourc...

Peacekeeping and Post-Conflict Criminality Challenges to the (re-) establishment of Rule of Law in Liberia

"The paper presents a critical review of criminality as one of the major challenges facing post-conflict Liberia.The criminality peacekeeping nexus is also explored with a view of establishing the link between UNMILís presence in Liberia and incre...

Understanding Africa's Contemporary Conflicts Origins, Challenges and Peacebuilding

"The first part, consisting of two chapters, examines changing methodologies through which we can more accurately analyse and map violent conflict, its causes and effects. The second then consider conflict resolution and peacebuilding and the key ...

The (Northern) Uganda Peace Process: An Update on Recent Developments

"This paper aims to provide an update on the conflict involving the LRA and the peace process with the government of Uganda aimed at resolving it. It also shares some perspectives on the peace process including the role of regional players, the pr...

Protection of Civilians in African Peace Missions The Case of the African Union Mission in Sudan, Darfur

"This paper examines the problems of civilian protection created by the war in Darfur, focusing on the role of AMIS and the challenges it has encountered in protecting civilians in Darfur. It examines the challenges that have faced the proposed UN...

Sudan People’s Liberation Army Disarmament in Jonglei and its Implications

"This study is by no means comprehensive. It gives primary attention to what is generally acknowledged to be a violent and coercive disarmament campaign of the Lou Nuer of Jonglei State. The study will include some analysis drawn from investigat...

Protecting Civilians Through Peace Agreements Challenges and Lessons of the Darfur Peace Agreement

"Why do some peace processes succeed and others don’t? More particularly, why do some peace processes create conditions for the effective protection of civilians while others don’t? It is argued in this paper that one important aspect of the answe...

From Protection to Empowerment: Civilians as Stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"This paper explores the role of civilian stakeholders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, with particular emphasis on women, children, refugees and internally displaced people. The aim is to promote the view that war victims mu...

Behind the Violence.The war in Northern Uganda

"This monograph begins with an overview of the conflict in northern Uganda, followed by a discussion of the root causes of the war, which highlights crucial causes that must still be addressed today. Chapter 3 presents an in-depth analysis of Jose...

Gender and Peacekeeping. Case studies: The DRC and Sierra Leone

"While sexual exploitation and violence has become a common feature in peacekeeping contexts among state and non-state actors, this monograph focuses on peacekeepers and the alleged abuse of power that they exert over the local population. Many o...

Angola - Endgame or Stalemate?

"Given the extent of both the human and material destruction in Angola over the past thirty years, it would seem unwise to expect that, even were peace to hold, recovery would be swift. For all its untapped natural wealth, this is not a country co...

Cross Border Criminal Activities in West Africa : Options for Effective Responses

"The aim of this paper is to explore particular cross-border crimes in West Africa, and recommend options for effective responses. In doing this, it seeks to: (a)identify and discuss the different categories of cross-border crime; (b)examine the a...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Peace and Development in Northern Somalia: Opportunities and Challenges

It must appear to much of the world that Somalia has ceased to exist. All diplomatic missions there have been closed and Somalia’s seat at the United Nations lies empty. Although limited UN aid programmes are operating, bilateral donors have la...

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis

Less than a year before Nigeria holds its third national elections since the end of military rule in 1999, tensions are running high in the southern Niger Delta. A number of militant groups have begun allying themselves to local politicians with e...

Getting the UN into Darfur

The impasse over deploying a major UN peacekeeping force to Darfur results directly from the international community’s three-year failure to apply effective diplomatic and economic pressure on Sudan’s government and its senior officials. Unless co...

Peace in Northern Uganda?

The peace talks in Juba between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government have made surprising progress, with a formal cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 26 August. Led by Dr Riek Machar, vice president of the Governmen...

Event Summary- The Crisis in Sudan

Former Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke, Senator Jon S. Corzine (D-NJ), and Francis Deng of the Brookings-SAIS Project on Internal Displacement today described their recent visits to Darfur and detailed what is needed to end the ethnic conflict tha...

Algeria- Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia

In late April 2001, lethal provocations by elements of Algeria’s National Gendarmerie triggered protracted and deadly rioting in Kabylia. That the unrest from Kabylia’s Black Spring continues to this day reflects the political system’s nation-wide...

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