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The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group by …

Mediating Election-Related Conflicts

"Beyond major conflicts in Africa over the territorial integrity of states such as Sudan and Somalia, many recent conflicts on the continent are ignited by grievances over bad governance and exclusionary political practices. In many cases, flawed or…

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian P…

Rhodesia: A personal glimpse of the security situation

This brief report follows a private visit to Rhodesia by Mr. McClure from 9 to 16 August, 1978. The immediate impression is of a country engaged in guerrilla war with the psychological factor as the dominant feature. Thinking centres around the “wai…

Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent state.…

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign in …

Changing Paradigm in Somalia

"Over the last eight years,the international community, whether intentionally or not,has addressed the Somali crisis principally through a counter-terrorist approach. For a number of reasons alluded to in this text, such an attempt to provide a set…

Somalia: Understanding Al-Shabaab

"This report briefly examines the nature of Al-Shabaab’s ideological stance, their political ambitions and why this movement constitutes the gravest threat to the survival of Sheikh Sharif’s government and the Djibouti peace process that gave it …

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and e…

Angolan Legislative Elections: Analysing the MPLA’s Triumph

"Despite the cloak of legitimacy provided by reforms to improve the country’s international image, including measures concerning fiscal transparency and the rapid rehabilitation of infrastructure,the control and heavy-handedness with which the Angol…

Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (I): Egypt Victorious?

"It is early days, and the true measure of what the Egyptian people have accomplished has yet to fully sink in. Some achievements are as clear as they are stunning. Over a period of less than three weeks, they challenged conventional chestnuts abou…

The Regional Dimensions of the War in Northern Uganda

"This paper highlights the complexity of the conflict in northern Uganda. Attempts have been made to analyse the structures, actors and complex dynamics of the conflict using a multidisciplinary methodology. This has helped in identifying and mappin…

Negotiating the North/South Conflict Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"The paper discusses the history of Sudan’s civil war and the negotiations that led to the development of Sudan’s CPA.The structure of the paper is based on the conflict resolution model outlined in Fisher and Ury 1991.This paper will first discuss …

The Ouagadougou Political Accord: Imminent Divorce or the Renewal of Vows

"The slow implementation of the Accord signed by the Forces Nouvelles and the government in March 2008 is the result of the lack of political will by all participants. Implementation of the Accord will definitely be a watershed in the country’s poli…

Dual Realities: Peace and War in the Sudan – An Update on the Implementation of the CPA

"This situation report highlights some of the most pressing challenges to the implementation of the CPA from the perspective of the political incumbents, international observers, and sectors of civil society including the Sudanese media. It is based…

Learning to Use Force on the Hoof in Peacekeeping: Reflections on the Experience of MONUC's Eastern Division

"The aim of this paper is to focus on the role of UN peacekeepers in robust Chapter VII operations; the appropriate level of military response; challenges commanders face in the field; and the need to improve their performance. The change from tradi…

The Juba Peace Talks - The Checkered Road to Peace for Northern Uganda

" This paper proceeds to give an update of the Juba peace process and its status even with the current stalemate, highligting challenges to the process and will end with a critical examination of options for the process."

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country towa…

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace an…

Beja Local Conflict, Marginalisation and the Threat to Regional Security

"This overview and analysis of the armed conflict in eastern Sudan is informed by a number of assumptions or observations:Local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighbouring non-gov…

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